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Hayes, Hillingdon escorts

Hayes is a town in west (London sub region) in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is a suburban development situated west of Charing Cross. Hayes was developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers. Its development was typical of the Second Industrial Revolution – the creation of new light engineering industries on the edge of existing cities. Hayes has a very long history, though, as the Place name origins of the area indicate.

Etymology

The place-name ''Hayes'' comes from the Old English language ''Hǣs'' or ''Hǣse'': "(land overgrown with) forest". Hayes is a town in west (London sub region) in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is a suburban development situated west of Charing Cross. Hayes was developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers. Its development was typical of the Second Industrial Revolution – the creation of new light engineering industries on the edge of existing cities. Hayes has a very long history, though, as the Place name origins of the area indicate.

History

Until the end of the 19th century, Hayes was primarily an Agriculture and Brickworks area. However, because of its location on the Grand Union Canal (later called the Grand Union) and the Great Western Railway it had a number of advantages as an Industrial Revolution location in the late 19th century. It was because of this proximity that the Hayes Development Company offered sites on the north side of the railway, adjacent to the canal.

Industry
Hayes has, over the years, been heavily involved with industry, both local and international, having been the home of EMI, Nestlé and H. J. Heinz Company. Past companies include Fairey Aviation Company (later merged with Westland Aircraft), and His Master's Voice.

An early occupier was the Gramophone Company, later His Master's Voice and latterly EMI. Only the EMI archives and some early reinforced concrete factory buildings (notably one [1912] by Owen Williams (engineer), later knighted) remain as The Old Vinyl Factory.

It was here in the Central Research Laboratories (generally known as "CRL") that Isaac Shoenberg developed (1934) the all-electronic 405-line television system (called the ''Marconi-EMI system'', used by the BBC from 1936 until closedown of the Crystal Palace transmitting station 405-line television system transmissions in 1985).

Alan Blumlein carried out his research into Binaural recording sound and Stereophonic sound gramophone recording here. "Trains at Hayes Station" (1935) and "Walking & Talking" are two notable films Blumlein shot in order to demonstrate Stereophonic sound Sound-on-film. These films are held at the Hayes EMI archive.

In 1939, working alongside the electrical firms A.C. Cossor and Pye Ltd., a 60 MHz radar was developed, and from 1941 to 1943 the H2S radar system.

During the 1990s, CRL spawned another technology: Sensaura 3D audio effect. In an echo of Blumlein's early stereo recordings, the Sensaura engineers made some of their first 3D audio recordings at Hayes and Harlington railway station.

During the World War I the EMI factories produced aircraft. Charles Richard Fairey was seconded there for a short time, before setting up his own company, Fairey Aviation, which relocated in 1918 to a large new factory across the railway in North Hyde Road. Over 4,500 aircraft were subsequently produced here but Fairey needed an airfield to test these aircraft and in 1928 secured a site in nearby Heathrow (hamlet). This became the Great West Aerodrome, but was requisitioned by the Air Ministry in 1944, and initially developed as a heavy bomber base intended for Boeing B-29 Superfortresses but when World War II ended in 1945, it was taken over by the Ministry of Aviation and became London Heathrow Airport.

The Nestlé company located its major chocolate and instant coffee works on the canal, adjacent to the railway east of the station, and it was for many years the company's UK headquarters.

Opposite Nestlé on the other side of the canal, the Aeolian Company and its associates manufactured player pianos and rolls from just before World War I until the Great Depression. That, and the increasing sophistication of the gramophone record market, led to its collapse; its facilities were then exploited by Wall's (meat), a meat processor and ice cream manufacturer.

From the early 1970s to 2003 McAlpine Helicopters Limited and Operational Support Services Limited (later renamed McAlpine Aviation Services Limited) operated from two purpose-built helicopter hangars in Swallowfield Way industrial estate, as the company operated on land already owned by Sir Robert McAlpine. The land on the other side of the Grand Union Canal is called Stockley Park and its buildings were intentionally positioned to allow safe passage for helicopters into the heliport in case of an emergency. Fortunately, this was never used.

Damont Audio was a Gramophone record pressing plant based in Hayes from the 1970s to 2005. "DAMONT" or "Damont Audio Ltd" is typically inscribed in the Matrix numbers of vinyl produced at the plant.

Development as a suburb
Following development, industry became pre-eminent in Hayes. The provision of adequate housing did not begin until after World War I, with the creation of dwellings of the garden suburb type.

George Orwell, who adopted this pseudonym while living here, lived and worked in 1932-3 as a schoolmaster at The Hawthorns High School for Boys, situated on Church Road. The school has since closed and is now known as The Fountain House Hotel; the hotel bears a Blue plaque commemorating its distinguished former resident. Despite returning several times,[http://www.answers.com/topic/george-orwell "George Orwell – Teaching"] Orwell was characteristically acerbic about his time in Hayes, camouflaging it lightly as West Bletchley in ''Coming Up for Air'', as Southbridge in ''A Clergyman's Daughter'', and grumbling comically in a letter to author/friend Frank Jellinek:

''Hayes . . . is one of the most godforsaken places I have ever struck. The population seems to be entirely made up of clerks who frequent tin-roofed chapels on Sundays and for the rest bolt themselves within doors.''''Homage to Catalonia'', p. 2, and the letter to Frank Jellinek of 20 December 1938, ''Collected Essays'' I, pp. 363–7.


Her Majesty Elizabeth II visited [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U6Ams5lQt2M&feature=player_embedded#! Hayes town centre] on 19 May 2006 as part of a programme of visits in celebration of her 80th birthday.

Churches

'''St Mary's''' (a.k.a. St Mary the Virgin) Church on Church Road is the oldest building in Hayes. The central portion of the church, the chancel and the nave, was built in the 1200s, the north aisle in the 1400s (as was the Bell tower), and the south aisle in the 1500s, along with the lychgate and the south Church porch. Hayes's entry in the ''Domesday Book'' (1086) makes no mention of a church or chapel, and the name of St Mary suggests a 12th-century dedication as it was at this time that Dedication in this name first appeared in England.Catherine Kelter, ''Hayes: A Concise History'' (Hillingdon Borough Libraries, 1988), 9 & 18. Besides the church, the other main building in Middle ages villages was the manor house. The manor house formerly associated with the church was assigned to Canterbury Cathedral by Christian priest Warherdus as far back as 830 AD.[http://www.achurchnearyou.com/st-mary-hayes-middlesex/ St Mary's information 1] The site of the original manor house is not known, but it is likely to have been on or near the site of the building latterly on Church Road called the Manor House, parts of which dated from the early 16th century. At the time of the Norman Conquest of England, Archbishop Lanfranc had contacts with the parish. St Mary's has a 12th-century Baptismal font, and many interesting memorials and Monumental brass. The brass to Robert Lellee, Rector somewhere between 1356 and 1375, is purportedly the oldest brass in Middlesex. Adjacent to it is another to Rector Robert Burgeys (1408–1421). (The first recorded Rector was Peter de Lymonicen [1259]). There are tombs in the church to Walter Grene (1456), Thomas Higate (1576), and Sir Edward Fenner (1611), Judge of the King's Bench. The latter tomb covers earlier tiling on the wall and floors. Some partly uncovered pre-English Reformation wall-paintings and a large mural (dating from the 14th century) of Saint Christopher with the infant Child are on the North wall. A brass to Veare Jenyns (1644) relates to the Court of Charles I of England, while other Jenynses, who were Lord of the Manor, link with Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough. Judge John Heath (judge), after whom ''Judge Heath Lane'' was named, is also buried at St Mary's. Victorian era restorers donated a number of windows, and more recent additions include windows to Saints Anselm of Canterbury and Saint Nicholas. The Coronation window is in the north aisle above the Triptych painted by the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Edward Fellowes Prynne. His brother George Fellowes Prynne carved the Reredos with Anselm of Canterbury and Saint George in the Niche (architecture). The embossed roof of the Nave reflects the Tudor period with emblems of the crucifixion and the arms of Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon (the lands passed to Henry VIII of England as a consequence of the English Reformation).

'''St Anselm church''', built in 1929 on Station Road in Hayes town centre, is so-named because it is thought that Archbishop (later Saint) Anselm of Canterbury stayed in the manor house of St Mary's church.[http://www.achurchnearyou.com/parish.php?p=230505/ St Mary's information 2]

The '''Immaculate Heart of Mary''' [http://www.botwell.org.uk/ Catholic church] was built in 1961, replacing the earlier church built in 1912. It is situated in Hayes town centre, just off Coldharbour Lane/Station Road. The first permanent building to be built was the adjacent primary school, [http://www.botwellhouseschool.co.uk/menus/main.asp Botwell House], which opened in 1931. The church's picture of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (which measures 5½m x 3m) was painted by Pietro Annigoni (1910–1988) in Florence, and took nine months to complete. Hayes is a town in west (London sub region) in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is a suburban development situated west of Charing Cross. Hayes was developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers. Its development was typical of the Second Industrial Revolution – the creation of new light engineering industries on the edge of existing cities. Hayes has a very long history, though, as the Place name origins of the area indicate.

Education

Primary schools in Hayes include: [http://www.botwellhouseschool.co.uk/menus/main.asp Botwell House], [http://www.drtripletts.hillingdon.sch.uk/ Dr Triplett's], [http://webfronter.com/hillingdon/MinetJunior/ Minet], [http://www.pinkwellschool.co.uk/ Pinkwell], [http://www.connectedup.com/williambyrd/ William Byrd], Hayes Park, Grange Park and [http://www.woodendpark.hillingdon.sch.uk/index.html Wood End.]

Secondary schools in Hayes include: Barnhill Community High School,"[http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/index.jsp?articleid=9403 Barnhill Community High]." London Borough of Hillingdon. Retrieved on 27 June 2010. Guru Nanak Sikh Academy,"[http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/index.jsp?articleid=9520 Guru Nanak Sikh Academy]." London Borough of Hillingdon. Retrieved on 27 June 2010. Harlington Community School,"[http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/index.jsp?articleid=9527 Harlington Community School]." London Borough of Hillingdon. Retrieved on 27 June 2010. Hewens College,"[http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/index.jsp?articleid=9606 Mellow Lane High School]." London Borough of Hillingdon. Retrieved on 27 June 2010. Rosedale College,"[http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/index.jsp?articleid=9705 Rosedale College]." London Borough of Hillingdon. Retrieved on 27 June 2010. and Parkside Studio College.

Uxbridge College has a Hayes Campus, situated on the former Townfield School site, accessible from Coldharbour Lane."[http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/index.jsp?articleid=9717 Uxbridge College (Hayes Campus)]." London Borough of Hillingdon. Retrieved on 27 June 2010. Hayes is a town in west (London sub region) in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is a suburban development situated west of Charing Cross. Hayes was developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers. Its development was typical of the Second Industrial Revolution – the creation of new light engineering industries on the edge of existing cities. Hayes has a very long history, though, as the Place name origins of the area indicate.

Transport

Rail

The station in the area is:

*Hayes and Harlington railway station (First Great Western & Heathrow Connect)

Buses

London Buses serving Hayes are:
{| class="wikitable"
|-
| style="width:10%;"| '''Route'''
| style="width:30%;"| '''Start'''
| style="width:30%;"| '''End'''
| style="width:20%;"| '''Operator'''
|-
|London Buses route 90
|Feltham
|Northolt
|Metroline
|-
|London Buses route 140
|Harrow Weald
|London Heathrow Airport
|Metroline
|-
|London Buses route 195
|Charville Lane
|Brentford
|Metroline
|-
|London Buses route 350
|Hayes & Harlington railway station
|London Heathrow Terminal 5
|Abellio London
|-
|London Buses route 427
|Uxbridge
|Acton, London
|Metroline
|-
|London Buses route 607
|Uxbridge
|White City, London
|Metroline
|-
|London Buses route 696
|Bourne Avenue
|Bishop Ramsey School
|London United Busways
|-
|London Buses route 697
|Hayes ''Lansbury Drive''
|Ickenham
|London United Busways
|-
|London Buses route 698
|West Drayton railway station
|Ickenham
|London United Busways
|-
|London Buses route E6
|Bulls Bridge
|Greenford
|Metroline
|-
|London Buses route H98
|Hayes End
|Hounslow
|London United Busways
|-
|London Buses route U4
|Prologis Park
|Uxbridge
|Metroline
|-
|London Buses route U5
|Hayes & Harlington railway station
|Uxbridge
|Metroline
|-
|London Buses route U7
|Hayes
|Uxbridge
|Abellio London
|-
|London Buses route N207
|Uxbridge
|Holborn
|Metroline
|}

Road

The area is close to junctions 3 and 4 of the M4 motorway. The A312 is the main north-south route. The A4020 Uxbridge Road is the main West-East route passing directly through Hayes.

Water
The Grand Union Canal runs through Hayes. Travellers by boat may moor at Hayes and take advantage of its local amenities, such as shops (which include branches of Iceland (supermarket) and Sainsbury's) and banks. Hayes is a town in west (London sub region) in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is a suburban development situated west of Charing Cross. Hayes was developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers. Its development was typical of the Second Industrial Revolution – the creation of new light engineering industries on the edge of existing cities. Hayes has a very long history, though, as the Place name origins of the area indicate.

Economy

The United Kingdom office of China Airlines operates from [http://www.regus.co.uk/locations/office-space/hayes-hyde-park-hayes Hyde Park, Hayes]."[http://www.china-airlines.com/en/about/about-3-4.htm Europe and Middle East]." China Airlines. Retrieved on August 30, 2011. "The United Kingdom 3rd Floor, West Wing, Hyde Park Hayes 3 (HPH3), 11 Millington Road, Hayes, Middlesex, UB3 4AZ"

Rackspace operates their UK offices from [http://www.hydeparkhayes.com/content/hph1 Hyde Park, Hayes].[http://www.hydeparkhayes.com/content/hph1]

The newly created business Plumbase Industrial, owned by Grafton Group, operates their HQ and inaugural branch from Stewart Quay in Printing House Lane, Hayes.http://www.plumbaseindustrial.co.uk Hayes is a town in west (London sub region) in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is a suburban development situated west of Charing Cross. Hayes was developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers. Its development was typical of the Second Industrial Revolution – the creation of new light engineering industries on the edge of existing cities. Hayes has a very long history, though, as the Place name origins of the area indicate.

Culture

Hayes's Beck Theatre opened in 1977, and offers a wide range of touring shows in a welcoming modern building. The Beck is very much a community theatre, offering one-night concerts, comedy, drama, films, opera, and pantomime.

Hayes's [http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/index.jsp?articleid=8704 Botwell Green Library] is situated in the Botwell Green Leisure Centre (address: East Avenue, UB3 2HW), which in 2010 replaced both the old Hayes Library (opened 1933 on Golden Crescent) and the old swimming baths (opened 1967 on Central Avenue)."[http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/index.jsp?articleid=8704 Hayes Library]." London Borough of Hillingdon. Retrieved on 27 June 2010. The old swimming baths building remained derelict following its 2010 closure, until Hillingdon London Borough Council demolished it in late 2012 having first given itself planning permission for a housing scheme on the site.

Pubs in Hayes include: The Botwell Inn, The Bootlaces, The Old Crown (Station Road), Ye Olde Crowne (Uxbridge Road), The Adam and Eve (the town's earliest recorded inn, dating from 1665), The Grapes, The Carpenter's Arms, The Angel, and The Wishing Well.

Other cultural amenities include some very good parks and gardens, including: Barra Hall Park, Lake Farm Country Park, Minet Country Park, and the Norman Leddy Memorial Gardens. Council leader Raymond Puddifoot had given a promise that green-belt land in Hillingdon would be safe on his watch: "I can give a categoric assurance that under this adminsitration we will never see a threat to the green belt." In August 2012, however, Mr Puddifoot announced plans to build on green-belt (and longtime common land) site Lake Farm Country Park. In January 2013, a Greater London Authority report put Hillingdon London Borough Council's plan to build on Lake Farm in jeopardy; Transport for London predicted major congestion and bus-service disruption. On Tuesday 5 March 2013, in a stormy council meeting, the Conservative Party (UK) majority of Hillingdon London Borough Council's planning committee members dismissed the discontent of residents in the south of the borough and hurriedly rubber-stamped the application to build on Lake Farm Country Park.

Hayes FM (91.8 FM broadcasting) is the town's Local community-focused, non-commercial Independent local radio station. The station provides a platform for discussion of matters concerning local people, and besides playing popular music caters musically to a variety of tastes and Music genre, including indie rock and urban music. Hayes is a town in west (London sub region) in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is a suburban development situated west of Charing Cross. Hayes was developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers. Its development was typical of the Second Industrial Revolution – the creation of new light engineering industries on the edge of existing cities. Hayes has a very long history, though, as the Place name origins of the area indicate.

Sport

Hayes & Yeading United F.C. formed on 18 May 2007, following a merger of the former Hayes F.C. and Yeading F.C. Hayes & Yeading presently play at the Kingfield Stadium in Woking, Surrey (GU22 9AA), having agreed a groundshare with Woking F.C.

The former Hayes F.C. started out as ''Botwell Mission'' in 1909, taking the name ''Hayes F.C.'' in 1929. The team's home stadium was on Church Road (football stadium). The Church Road stadium continued in May 2007 as Hayes & Yeading United F.C.'s ground until 19 April 2011, when the team played at Church Road for the last time, beating Gateshead F.C. 3–1. The former Church Road ground was demolished in 2011, and is now the site of housing. The Church Road ground saw the start of the career of a number of players who went on to play at higher levels, among them Les Ferdinand and Cyrille Regis.

Hayes has a second Non-League football team, A.F.C. Hayes; they were known until 2007 as Brook House F.C. Hayes is a town in west (London sub region) in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is a suburban development situated west of Charing Cross. Hayes was developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers. Its development was typical of the Second Industrial Revolution – the creation of new light engineering industries on the edge of existing cities. Hayes has a very long history, though, as the Place name origins of the area indicate.

Notable people

* Frank Allen (bassist), bass player of sixties pop groups Cliff Bennett and the Rebel Rousers and The Searchers (band), was born in Hayes
* Writer and so-called "godfather of alternative comedy" Tony Allen (comedian) was born in Hayes
* Anselm of Canterbury, later Anselm of Canterbury, was stationed in Hayes by King William II of England in 1095
* Buster Bloodvessel, frontman of eighties pop group Bad Manners, lives on a canal boat in Hayes
* Robin Bush (historian) (1943–2010) of Channel 4's archaeological series ''Time Team'' was born in Hayes
* Composer William Byrd (1539/40-1623), "the father of English music", lived as a Recusancy in Hayes and Harlington, London 1578–88; a primary school in the area bears his name
* Brian Connolly (1945–1997), singer of glam rock band Sweet (band), lived in Hayes and Harefield
* Disgraced disc jockey Chris Denning was born in Hayes
* Actress Anne Marie Duff - best known for playing List of characters from Shameless in ''Shameless (UK TV series)'' and Elizabeth I of England in ''The Virgin Queen (TV serial)'' - grew up in Hayes, attending Hewens College
* Greg Dyke, former Director-General of the BBC and current chairman of The Football Association, grew up in Hayes
* Pioneer in photography B. J. Edwards (1838–1914) lived at Wistowe House (which dates from the 17th century) on Church Road
* Chris Finnegan (1944–2009), Olympic boxing gold medalist, lived in Hayes
* Boxer Kevin Finnegan (1948–2008), brother of Olympic gold medalist Chris, lived in Hayes
* Actor Barry Foster (actor) (1927–2002), best known as 1970s TV detective Van der Valk (TV series), grew up in Hayes
* Musician Paul Gardiner (1958–1984) of Gary Numan's Tubeway Army was born in Hayes
* James Grant (Waterloo) (1778–1852), who served under Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo, was a lifelong Hayes resident
* Celebrity tailor Doug Hayward (1934–2008) grew up in Hayes
* England national football team footballer Glenn Hoddle was born in Hayes
* Golfer Barry Lane was born in Hayes
* Honey Lantree, celebrated female drummer of Joe Meek-produced sixties pop group The Honeycombs, was born in Hayes
* ''New York Times'' best-selling author Tony Lee was born in Hayes
* Author George Orwell (1903–1950) lived and worked in Hayes, 1932-3
* Malcolm Owen (d. 1980) and Paul Fox (d. 2007) of Punk rock band The Ruts grew up in Hayes
* Larry Page (singer and manager), sixties manager of pop groups The Kinks and The Troggs, was born in Hayes
* Steve Priest, bass player of glam rock band Sweet (band), was born in Hayes
* Jane Seymour (actress), actress and Bond girl, was born in Hayes
* Nick Simper, founding member of Rock music band Deep Purple, lived in Hayes
* Composer Stephen Storace (1762–1796), famous in his day and a friend of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, lived from the late 1780s in Wood End, Hayes
* Prebendary and philanthropist Dr Thomas Triplett (1602–1670) was a schoolmaster in Hayes during the Commonwealth of England period; a primary school in the area bears his name
* David Westlake, singer/songwriter of Indie rock band The Servants, was born in Hayes
* Welsh international footballer Rhoys Wiggins grew up in Hayes
* Football player/manager/pundit Ray Wilkins grew up in Hayes Hayes is a town in west (London sub region) in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is a suburban development situated west of Charing Cross. Hayes was developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers. Its development was typical of the Second Industrial Revolution – the creation of new light engineering industries on the edge of existing cities. Hayes has a very long history, though, as the Place name origins of the area indicate.

Nearest places

* Ealing
* Greenford
* Hanwell
* Harlington, London
* Hounslow
* Northolt
* Southall
* Uxbridge
* Yeading
* West Drayton Hayes is a town in west (London sub region) in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is a suburban development situated west of Charing Cross. Hayes was developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers. Its development was typical of the Second Industrial Revolution – the creation of new light engineering industries on the edge of existing cities. Hayes has a very long history, though, as the Place name origins of the area indicate.

References

Hayes is a town in west (London sub region) in the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is a suburban development situated west of Charing Cross. Hayes was developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers. Its development was typical of the Second Industrial Revolution – the creation of new light engineering industries on the edge of existing cities. Hayes has a very long history, though, as the Place name origins of the area indicate.

External links

* [http://westlondonchat.com/photos Large collection of photos of Hayes & Harlington]
* [http://ourhistory-hayes.blogspot.com/ Hayes People's History]
* [http://3rdhayes.com/ 3rd Hayes (St Mary's) Scout Group]
* [http://choir.marianheawood.com/ Memories of Mellow Lane School Girls' Choir, Hayes]
* [http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Biographies/MainBiographies/W/Williams2/Williams.htm Sir Evan Owen Williams]




Category:Areas of London
Category:Districts of Hillingdon
Category:Districts of London listed in the Domesday Book
Category:Post towns in the UB postcode area