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Barnes, London

Barnes, London

London Escorts Areas / Barnes, London

|population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

History

Historic counties of England part of Surrey, Barnes appears in ''Domesday Book'' of 1086 as "Berne". It was held by the St Paul's Cathedral when its assets were: 8 hide (unit)s, paying tax with Mortlake; 5 ploughlands, of meadow. It rendered (in total) to its feudal system overlords £7 per year.[http://www.gwp.enta.net/surrnames.htm ''Domesday Book'' for Surrey]

The original Norman architecture chapel of St Mary's, Barnes' village church, was built at some point between 1100 and 1150. It was subsequently extended in the early thirteenth century, and again ''c''1485 and in 1786. After a major fire in 1978 destroyed the Victorian and Edwardian additions to the building, restoration work was completed in 1984.[http://www.stmarybarnes.org/pdfs/Short%20History%20of%20St%20Mary's.pdf History of St Mary's]

Some of the oldest riverside housing in London is to be found on The Terrace, a road lined with Georgian architecture mansions which runs along the west bend of the river. Construction of these mansions began as early as 1720. Gustav Holst and Ninette de Valois lived in houses on this stretch, both of which have corresponding blue plaques. The Terrace also has an original red brick police station, built in 1891. It has been remodelled as apartments but still preserves the original features.

The pink-fronted Rose House facing the area's pond dates to the 17th century, while Milbourne House facing The Green, the area's oldest, parts of which date to the 16th century, once belonged to Henry Fielding. The park of Barn Elms, formerly the manor house of Barnes, which was for long the parish's chief property, is now an open space and playing field.

The Listed building Barnes Railway Bridge, originally constructed in 1849 by Joseph Locke, dominates the view of the river from The Terrace. In 2009 a project began to re-paint the bridge.

Castelnau, London, in north Barnes and on the banks of the river, has a small church, Holy Trinity Barnes. The area between Castelnau and Lonsdale Road contains a 1930s council estate (including roads such as Nowell Road, Stillingfleet Road and Washington Road), mostly consisting of "Boot house", constructed by the Henry Boot PLC.

Barnes's residents were singled out in 2006 as leading in mail order shopping, with Pound sterling150 pa per head being spent. |population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

Barnes Common and the London Wetland Centre

in the background]]

Barnes Common is an important open space and a local nature reserve. Its dominate the south of Barnes, providing a rural setting to the village and a wealth of habitats including acid grassland, scrub, woodland and wetland. Beverley Brook passes through part of the common before meeting the Thames at Putney.

In April 2001, Barnes Pond dramatically emptied overnight. Although a broken drain was suspected no cause could be conclusively found. The pond was redeveloped and landscaped with funding from Richmond upon Thames Council and the local community.

Barn Elms reservoirs were turned into a wetland habitat and bird sanctuary in 1995. The majority of the WWT London Wetland Centre comprises areas of standing open water, grazing marsh and reedbed. It is designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest as it supports nationally important wintering populations of Northern Shoveler (''Anas clypeata'') and Common Teal (''Anas crecca'').[http://docs.google.com/gview?a=v&q=cache:P4DKXYjzxOwJ:www.english-nature.org.uk/citation/citation_photo/2000457.pdf+reservoirs+barn+elms&hl=en&gl=uk&sig=AFQjCNEbspb7luTB47FKD30Ngh2ZfKhzdQ ''Barn Elms Wetland Centre SSSI declaration''] |population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

Landmarks, trails and events

The Barnes trail, a 2.3 mile circular walk, funded by the Mayor of London and Richmond upon Thames Council, was opened in June 2013.

The site of rock musician Marc Bolan's fatal car crash on Queen's Ride in 1977 is now Bolan's Rock Shrine. The memorial receives frequent visits from his fans, and in 1997 a bronze bust of Bolan was installed to mark the twentieth anniversary of his death. In 2007, the site was recognised by the English Tourist Board as a "Site of Rock 'n' Roll Importance" in its guide ''England Rocks''.[http://www.enjoyengland.com/information/brochures/campaign/england-rocks/ Get your Free England Rocks Guide Here]

A cinema, ''Olympic Studios'' on Church Road, is independent. Originally a local cinema and for many years a leading recording studio, down the decades Olympic was home to some of rock and pop's greatest stars, from the Beatles, who recorded the original tracks of "All You Need Is Love" in Barnes, to the Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, David Bowie, Queen (band), Eric Clapton, Ella Fitzgerald, Harry Nilsson, the Verve, Massive Attack, Duran Duran, Coldplay, Madonna (entertainer) and Björk.

Facing the Thames, at the end of Lonsdale Road, the Bull's Head pub is known as the suburban Ronnie Scott's and was one of the first and most important jazz venues in Britain from the post-war years onward.

The ''Old Sorting Office'' arts centre/theatre has become known as a venue for art and fringe theatre, hosting numerous exhibitions and theatre productions, as well as a regular auction. Names to have performed at the venue include Patricia Hodge, Stephanie Cole, Timothy West, Julian Glover and Robert Pattinson.

The area around Barnes Pond is host to several open-air and covered markets each month. Barnes Green is the site of the Barnes Fair, held each year on the second Saturday of July and organised by the Barnes Community Association (BCA), with their headquarters in Rose House, a distinctive 17th century pink-painted building on Barnes High Street. |population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

Places of worship

Barnes has eight churches, of which six are members of Churches Together in Barnes:
*Barnes Baptist Church
*Barnes Healing Church
*Catholic Church of St Osmund, Barnes
*Holy Trinity Barnes
*The Methodist Church by Barnes Pond
*[http://www.barnesvillage.com/churches/russian-orthodox-church.html/ Russian Orthodox Church, Barnes]
*St Mary's Church, Barnes
*St Michael and All Angels Church, Barnes |population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

Sport

;Association Football
Barnes has a place in the history of football. First, a former High Master of St Paul's School (London), Richard Mulcaster, is credited with taking mob football and turning it into an organised, refereed team sport that was considered beneficial for schoolboys. St Paul's School (London) is currently sited on Lonsdale Road, although in Mulcaster's time it was at St Paul's Cathedral in the City of London.

Barnes was also home to Ebenezer Cobb Morley, who in 1862 was a founding member of the Football Association. In 1863, he wrote to ''Bell's Life'' newspaper proposing a governing body for football, and this led to the first meeting at the Freemasons' Tavern where the FA was created. He was the FA's first secretary (1863–66) and at his home in Barnes he set out the first set of rules for modern football, and these were adopted by the FA and subsequently spread throughout the world. As a player he took part in the first match played according to today's rules. Morley may be considered the father of football for his key role in establishing modern Association Football.

Barnes has a Non-League football club, Stonewall F.C., who play at Barn Elms Playing Fields.
;Rugby
Barnes Rugby Football Club has evidence to show that it is the oldest club in the world in any football code. Its ground is next to the WWT London Wetlands Centre at Barn Elms.
;Rowing
In rowing (sport) the loop of the Thames surrounding Barnes forms part of the The Championship Course used for the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race and the main national head races, the Head of the River Races, for each category of Olympic boat. |population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

Education

|population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

Notable residents

signifying historical significance is fixed to the front of the building]]

Actors
*Joss Ackland and Joss Ackland (1951–2002) lived in Barnes
*Michael Ball (singer), singer and actor, lived in Barnes
*Honor Blackman, actress
*Patricia Hodge, actress
*Robert Pattinson, actor, lives in Barnes
*John Pertwee (1919-1996), ''Doctor Who'' actor
*Terry-Thomas (1911–1990), comic actor, moved to a flat in Barnes in 1988
* Frank Thornton (1921–2013), actor, who played Captain Peacock in the BBC comedy ''Are You Being Served?'', lived and died in Barnes

Artists
*Kurt Schwitters (1887–1948), artist, lived at 39 Westmorland Road, Barnes. The site is marked by a blue plaque

Musicians
*Gustav Holst (1874–1934), composer, lived at 31 Gretna Road, Richmond between 1903 and 1908. He and his family moved to 10 The Terrace on the riverfront at Barnes in 1908, where they remained until 1913
*Tomoyasu Hotei, Japanese musician, singer-songwriter, composer, record producer and actor, moved to Barnes in 2012
*Pete Tong, disc jockey
;Queen members
*Brian May, musician and astrophysicist, lived in Suffolk Road, Barnes
*Freddie Mercury (1946–1991), musician, shared a house in Ferry Road[http://www.mercury-and-queen.com/officialbiography.htm Official biography] Mercury and Queen
*Roger Meddows Taylor, drummer, lived in White Hart Lane
Politicians
* Lyon Playfair (1818–1898), professor of chemistry and Liberal MP, lived at 26 Castelnau Villas (98 Castelnau), Barnes in 1851, when taking part in organising the Great Exhibition
*Sir John Power, 1st Baronet, (1870–1950), British businessman and Conservative MP for Wimbledon, lived at 1 Queen's Ride, Barnes, 1908–19

Scholars, scientists and engineers
* James Henry Greathead (1844–1896), railway engineer and pioneer of tunnelling, lived at St Mary's Grove, Barnes. The site is marked by a blue plaque
*Colin Patterson (biologist), palaentologist

Writers
*Henry Fielding (1707–1754), novelist, lived at Milbourne House, Barnes Green in about 1750, when writing ''Amelia (novel)''. He later moved to Ealing
*David Harsent, poet, lives in Barnes
*Judith Kerr, author and illustrator, lives in Barnes
*Matthew Kneale, novelist (b. 1960), was brought up in Barnes
*Roger McGough, performance poet, broadcaster, children's author and playwright, lives in Barnes
*Eric Newby (1919–2006), travel author, grew up in Castelnau Mansions
*Barbara Pym (1913–1980), novelist, lived for many years at 47 Nassau Road
*Dodie Smith (1896–1990), the author of ''I Capture the Castle'' and ''The Hundred and One Dalmatians'', lived in Riverview Gardens
*Colin Welland, Oscar-winning screenwriter of ''Chariots of Fire''

Other
*Ninette de Valois (1898–2001), founder of the Royal Ballet, lived at 14 The Terrace on the riverfront at Barnes between 1962 and 1982. A blue plaque now stands on the building
*Alistair McGowan, comedian |population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

Demography and housing

To give an equal councillor number and electorate, the wards of the United Kingdom in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames are multi-councillor but aim to be equally sized. To achieve this, approximately half of one of the two wards covering modern Barnes also falls within the boundaries of neighbouring Mortlake.

{| border=yes
|+ '''2011 Census homes'''
|-
!Ward !!Detached !!Semi-detached!!Terraced!!Flats and apartments!!Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats!!Shared between households
|-
|Barnes|| 277 || 1,198 || 996 || 1,784 || 0 || 41
|-
|Mortlake and Barnes Common|| 167 || 547 || 1,765 || 2,453 || 1 || 8
|-
|}
{| border=yes
|+ '''2011 Census households'''
!Ward !!Population !!Households !!% Owned outright !!% Owned with a loan!!hectares
|-
|Barnes||10,299 || 4,151 || 32 || 26 || 265
|-
|Mortlake and Barnes Common||10,919 || 4,771 || 27 || 32 || 185
|-
|} |population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

Nearest places

{{Geographic Location
|title = '''Destinations from Barnes'''
|Northwest = Gunnersbury
|North = Chiswick
|Northeast = Hammersmith
|West = Kew
|Centre = Barnes
|East = Fulham
|Southwest = Mortlake, East Sheen
|South = Roehampton
|Southeast = Putney
}} |population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

Railway stations

* Barnes Bridge railway station
* Barnes railway station |population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

References

|population_ref =( and wards ) Office for National Statistics|name=ons

External links

* [http://www.barnes-history.org.uk/ Barnes and Mortlake History Society]
* [http://www.barnesvillage.com/index.php/ Barnes Village website]
*




Category:Areas of London
Category:Barnes, London
Category:Districts of Richmond upon Thames
Category:Districts of London on the River Thames
Category:Districts of London listed in the Domesday Book