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Chislehurst is a suburban district in South East (London sub region), England and a part of the London Borough of Bromley. It borders the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bexley and Royal Borough of Greenwich, and lies east of Bromley and south west of Sidcup. It is south east of Charing Cross.

Toponymy

The name "Chislehurst" is derived from the Old English language words ''cisel'' 'gravel', and ''hyrst'' 'wooded hill'. Chislehurst is a suburban district in South East (London sub region), England and a part of the London Borough of Bromley. It borders the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bexley and Royal Borough of Greenwich, and lies east of Bromley and south west of Sidcup. It is south east of Charing Cross.

History

Camden Place (now Chislehurst Golf Club) takes its name from the antiquarian William Camden, who lived in the former house on the site from c.1609 until his death in 1623. The present house was built shortly before 1717, and was given a number of additions in the late 18th and very early 19th centuries by the architect George Dance the younger.Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner, ''London 2: South'', Buildings of England (Harmondsworth, 1983), p. 180. In about 1760, the house and estate were bought by Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, the Attorney General for England and Wales, and later Lord Chancellor. Pratt was ennobled in 1765, taking the title Baron Camden, of Camden Place: in 1786 he was created Marquess Camden. A later occupant of the house, from 1871 until his death there in 1873, was the exiled French Emperor, Napoleon III. His body and that of the Napoléon Eugène, Prince Imperial were originally buried in St. Mary's, Chislehurst, before being removed to St Michael's Abbey, Farnborough. The Emperor's widow, the Empress Eugénie de Montijo, remained at Camden Place until 1885. There is a memorial to Napoléon Eugène on Chislehurst Common, and the area's connections with the imperial family are found in many road names and in the local telephone code, 467, which in its earlier format corresponded to the letters IMP (for ''imperial'').

Chislehurst Common (and nearby St Paul's Cray Common) were saved from development in 1888 following campaigns by local residents. They were a popular destination for bank holiday trips in the early 20th century, and now provide a valuable green space. Nearby Petts Wood, Hawkwood and Scadbury have also been preserved as open spaces following local campaigns.


A local attraction is Chislehurst Caves. The caves are considered to be of very ancient origin. They were originally used to mine flint and chalk. During World War II, thousands of people used them nightly as an air raid shelter. There is even a chapel. One child was born in the caves during World War II, and was given a middle name of 'Cavina'.The baby was christened Rose Cavena Wakeman according to the official guides. Birth records show that a baby called Rose L.C. Wakeman was born in Chislehurst in 1946, which is consistent with the story. The caves have also been used as a venue for live music; Jimi Hendrix, the Who and the Rolling Stones have all played there. The caves are reputedly haunted, and Druids are said to have made grisly human sacrifices in their depths. A number of television programmes and films, including episodes of ''Doctor Who'', have been filmed there. Tours are available most days, and on Sundays there used to be an extended tour, lasting approximately one and a half hours, although this no longer takes place. Tours are normally on the hour. There is a licensed bar and café at the caves.

The Chislehurst civil parish formed an Urban district (Great Britain and Ireland) of Kent from 1894 to 1934.Vision of Britain - [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit_page.jsp?u_id=10074113 Chilsehurst UD] ([http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/bound_map_page.jsp?first=true&u_id=10074113&c_id=10001043 historic map]) In 1934 it became part of the Chislehurst and Sidcup Urban District,Vision of Britain - [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10087820 Chislehurst and Sidcup UD] ([http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/bound_map_page.jsp?first=true&u_id=10087820&c_id=10001043 historic map]) which was split in 1965 between the London boroughs of London Borough of Bromley and London Borough of Bexley.

Chislehurst is home to the Derwent House, designed by William Willett.

The Walsingham family, including Christopher Marlowe's patron, Thomas Walsingham (literary patron) and Elizabeth I of England spymaster, Francis Walsingham, had a home in Scadbury Park, now a nature reserve in which the ruins of the house can still be seen.[http://www.scadbury.net/index.html Friends of Scadbury Park]

A water tower used to straddle the road from Chislehurst to Bromley until it was demolished in 1963 as one of the last acts of the Chislehurst and Sidcup UDC. It marked the entrance to the Wythes Estate in Bickley, but its narrow archway meant that double-decker buses were not able to be used on the route. Chislehurst is a suburban district in South East (London sub region), England and a part of the London Borough of Bromley. It borders the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bexley and Royal Borough of Greenwich, and lies east of Bromley and south west of Sidcup. It is south east of Charing Cross.

Present

Chislehurst is regarded as an affluent area and one of the most expensive places to live in Bromley. Chislehurst West may be found by going towards Mottingham and this area includes the biggest of the ponds and the High Street which has many pubs and restaurants. Chislehurst West was previously known as "Pricking" and "Prickend".

Chislehurst is one of the starting points for the South East London Green Chain, linking to places such as Crystal Palace, London, Erith, the Thames Barrier and Thamesmead. Chislehurst is a suburban district in South East (London sub region), England and a part of the London Borough of Bromley. It borders the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bexley and Royal Borough of Greenwich, and lies east of Bromley and south west of Sidcup. It is south east of Charing Cross.

Education

* Beaverwood School for Girls
* Bullers Wood School (all-girls)
* Coopers Technology College
* Farrington's School
* Chislehurst C of E Primary School Chislehurst is a suburban district in South East (London sub region), England and a part of the London Borough of Bromley. It borders the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bexley and Royal Borough of Greenwich, and lies east of Bromley and south west of Sidcup. It is south east of Charing Cross.

Famous residents

* Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, President of France 1848–52, Emperor of the French 1854–70.
* Billy Bonds, former professional footballer and manager.
* William Camden (1551–1623), antiquarian, historian, and Clarenceux King of Arms, lived in the house later known as Camden Place from ''c''.1609 until his death there in 1623.
* Malcolm Campbell, former land and water speed record holder, was born in Chislehurst and is buried in St. Nicholas Parish Church next to his parents.
* George Somers Leigh Clarke (1822–1882), eminent architect lived at Walpole, Manor Park. He is buried in the St Nicholas' churchyard.
* Richmal Crompton, author of the ''Just William'' series of books.
* E. J. May (1853–1941), architect, lived locally and designed a number of local buildings.
* Countess of Teba and Empress of France, Eugénie de Montijo.
* * Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden (1714–1794), Baron Camden from 1765 and 1st Earl Camden from 1786, Attorney General for England and Wales, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and Lord Chancellor, lived at Camden Place from c.1760.
* Siouxsie Sioux, singer, most famous for being in the band Siouxsie and the Banshees
* Sir Francis Walsingham, spymaster to Elizabeth I, and his son, Sir Thomas Walsingham.
* Alan Watts, philosopher, born and raised in Chislehurst, moved to the United States in 1938.
* William Willett, a campaigner for daylight saving time, lived most of his adult life in Chislehurst.
* William Hyde Wollaston, chemist and physicist who discovered rhodium and palladium. Chislehurst is a suburban district in South East (London sub region), England and a part of the London Borough of Bromley. It borders the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bexley and Royal Borough of Greenwich, and lies east of Bromley and south west of Sidcup. It is south east of Charing Cross.

Places of worship

* Chislehurst Baptist Church[http://www.chislehurstbaptistchurch.com/Chislehurst_Baptist_Church/home.html Chislehurst Baptist Church]
* St Patrick's Catholic Church
* [http://christchurchchislehurst.com/ Christ Church Chislehurst][http://www.christchurchchislehurst.org/ Christ Church Chislehurst]
* Elmstead Baptist Church[http://www.findachurch.co.uk/churches/tq/tq47/elmsteadbc/index.html Elmstead Baptist Church, Chislehurst]
* Chislehurst Methodist Church[http://www.chislehurstmethodistcircuit.co.uk/circle_1.htm Chislehurst]
* The Annuncation[http://www.acny.org.uk/venue.php?V=9826 Chislehurst, Chislehurst: The Annunciation Church - Kent | Diocese of Rochester]
* St. Nicholas[http://www.acny.org.uk/venue.php?V=9828 Chislehurst, Chislehurst: St Nicholas Church - Kent | Diocese of Rochester]
* Darul Uloom Mosque and School
* Ichthus Christian Fellowship[http://www.ichthuschislehurst.blogspot.com/ Ichthus Chislehurst]
* St Mary's Roman Catholic Church, original burial place of Napoleon III and his son the Prince Imperial (killed when acting as an observer in the Boer War) Chislehurst is a suburban district in South East (London sub region), England and a part of the London Borough of Bromley. It borders the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bexley and Royal Borough of Greenwich, and lies east of Bromley and south west of Sidcup. It is south east of Charing Cross.

Transport and locale

Nearest places
* Bickley
* Sidcup
* New Eltham
* Elmstead Woods
* St Pauls Cray
* Petts Wood
* Mottingham
* St Mary Cray
* Bromley
* Orpington
* Eltham

Transport
Chislehurst station serves the area with services to London Charing Cross, London Cannon Street, Orpington station and Sevenoaks station via Orpington.
Chislehurst is served by many Transport for London bus services linking it with areas including Beckenham, Bexleyheath, Bromley, Catford, Eltham, Hither Green, Lewisham, Mottingham, Greenwich, Orpington, Sidcup, St Mary Cray and Woolwich. Chislehurst is a suburban district in South East (London sub region), England and a part of the London Borough of Bromley. It borders the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bexley and Royal Borough of Greenwich, and lies east of Bromley and south west of Sidcup. It is south east of Charing Cross.

References

Chislehurst is a suburban district in South East (London sub region), England and a part of the London Borough of Bromley. It borders the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bexley and Royal Borough of Greenwich, and lies east of Bromley and south west of Sidcup. It is south east of Charing Cross.

External links

* [http://www.chislehurst-society.org.uk The Chislehurst Society]
* [http://rands.holman.org/Chislehurst.html The Chislehurst Guide]
* [http://www.beaverwood.bromley.sch.uk/content/noticeboard/introduction.aspx Beaverwood School]
* [http://www.chislehurst-cc.co.uk Chislehurst and West Kent Cricket Club]
* [http://www.feenstra.co.uk Live music events at the Beaverwood Club, various evenings 19:30-23:00hrs]




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Category:Areas of London
Category:Districts of Bromley
Category:Post towns in the BR postcode area