Crystal Palace, London escorts

Crystal Palace, London escorts - London Areas

 

Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition. After the palace was destroyed by fire and with Beeching axe#Background in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a Crystal Palace railway station#Station redevelopment for East London Line in 2012 and Tramlink route 5 to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.

History

The ridge and the historic oak tree known as ''The Vicars Oak'' (located at the present-day Crossroads (culture) of the A212 road Church Road and A214 road Westow Hill) were used to mark parish boundaries. This has led to the Crystal Palace area straddling the boundaries of five London Boroughs; London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Lambeth, London Borough of Southwark and London Borough of Lewisham. The area also straddles three UK postcodes: , , and . The ancient boundary between Surrey and Kent passes through the area and from 1889 to 1965 the area lay on the south eastern boundary of the County of London. It included parts of Kent and Surrey until 1889 and then parts of Kent, London and Surrey between 1889-1965.

For centuries the area was occupied by the Great North Wood, an extensive area of natural oak forest that formed a wilderness close to the southern edge of the then expanding city of London. The forest was a popular area for Londoners' recreation right up to the 19th century, when it began to be built over. It was also a home of Romani people, with some local street names and pubs recording the link. The area still retains vestiges of woodland. The third quarter of the 19th Century brought the Crystal Palace and the railways.

The Crystal Palace



The Crystal Palace was a Cast iron and glass building originally erected in Hyde Park, London to house the Great Exhibition of 1851. Following the success of the exhibition, the palace was moved and reconstructed in 1854 in a modified and enlarged form in the grounds of the Penge Place estate at Sydenham Hill. The buildings housed the Crystal Palace School. It attracted visitors for over seven decades.

Sydenham Hill is one of the List of highest points in London; 109 metres (357 ft) above sea level (spot height on Ordnance Survey Map); and the size of the palace and prominence of the site made it easy to identify from much of London. This led to the residential area around the building becoming known as Crystal Palace instead of Sydenham Hill. The palace was destroyed by fire on 30 November 1936 and the site of the building and its grounds is now known as Crystal Palace Park. Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition. After the palace was destroyed by fire and with Beeching axe#Background in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a Crystal Palace railway station#Station redevelopment for East London Line in 2012 and Tramlink route 5 to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.

Landmarks

Crystal Palace Triangle
The "Crystal Palace Triangle", formed by Westow Street, Westow Hill and Church Road, has a number of restaurants and several independent shops, as well as an indoor secondhand market and a farmer's market on Haynes Lane. The triangle also contains a range of vintage furniture and clothing stores, as well as galleries, arts and crafts shops and other businesses.

Crystal Palace still retains much of its Victorian architecture, although housing styles are mixed, including Victorian terraces, mid-war terraces and blocks of modern flats. Crystal Palace Park is surrounded by grand Victorian villas, many of which have been converted into flats and apartments.

Transmitters
Television transmission has been taking place from Crystal Palace since at least the 1930s and two Television transmitter towers — Crystal Palace Transmitter (640 ft) and Croydon transmitting station (500 ft) — stand on the hill at Upper Norwood, making the district a landmark location visible from many parts of the London area. The towers may appear similar in height and design, but the Crystal Palace mast, constructed 1956, stands on a slightly higher elevation. The current Croydon tower was built in 1962.[[File:Cp mast.jpg|thumb|alt=Photograph taken at a distance showing entire height of Crystal Palace Park TV transmitter.|right|The Crystal Palace Transmitter, at 219 metres tall, is the fourth tallest structure in London, behind the Shard, One Canada Square and Heron Tower.]]

Crystal Palace Park


Crystal Palace Park is a large Victorian pleasure ground occupying much of the land within Crystal Palace and is one of the major London public parks. The park was maintained by the London County Council and later the Greater London Council, but with the abolition of the GLC in 1986 control of the entire park was given to the London Borough of Bromley. The Crystal Palace railway station is located in the park, as is the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre. The park was formerly used for motor racing and has been used for concerts, often performed at the site of the Crystal Palace Park Concert Platform. In July 2013 Chinese property developer ZhongRong Holdings announced it was drawing up plans to build a replica of the Crystal Palace on its original site in Crystal Palace Park.

The park is situated halfway along the Norwood Ridge at one of its highest points. This ridge offers views northward to central London, east to the Queen Elizabeth II Bridge and Greenwich, and southward to Croydon and the North Downs.

It is also one of the starting points for the South East London Green Chain, linking to places such as Chislehurst, Erith, the Thames Barrier and Thamesmead. Section 3 of the Capital Ring walk round London goes through the park.


Westow Park
A smaller park occupying 2.73 hectares lies to the south west of the triangle on Church Road. Westow Park hosts the annual Crystal Palace Overground festival, a free community festival held over four days during the summer.

Stambourne Woods
To the south of the triangle is a small area of woodland occupying 1.92 hectares, containing the Stambourne Woodland Walk. It was opened in 1984 and covers an area of land between developments on Stambourne Way and Fox Hill. The land originally formed the gardens of Victorian villas built on the hill overlooking Croydon, but fell into disrepair. In 1962 Croydon Council approved terms for buying the land from the Church Commissioners and other local freeholders, allowing the construction of a link. Paths and benches were installed but much of the vegetation was left undisturbed, creating a woodland pathway. Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition. After the palace was destroyed by fire and with Beeching axe#Background in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a Crystal Palace railway station#Station redevelopment for East London Line in 2012 and Tramlink route 5 to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.

Geography

As the name Crystal Palace is relatively new, the borders of the area are not clearly defined and include parts of Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. Crystal Palace lies approximately 8 miles to the south east of Charing Cross on the Norwood Ridge and includes one of the highest points of London at 112 metres above the mean sea level (OS map reference TQ337707). The Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, in the centre of the park, lies at 88 metres above the mean sea level. The soil in the area has been classified as typically "Slowly permeable, seasonally wet, slightly acid but base-rich loamy and clayey soils", with impeded drainage, moderate Fertility (soil) and a loamy profile. The nearest Met Office climate station is based in Greenwich Park.

{{Weather box
|collapsed = true
|location = London (Greenwich)
|metric first = Y
|single line = Y
|Jan record high C = 18.5
|Feb record high C = 19.7
|Mar record high C = 25.3
|Apr record high C = 29.8
|May record high C = 32.8
|Jun record high C = 35.6
|Jul record high C = 36.5
|Aug record high C = 38.5
|Sep record high C = 35.4
|Oct record high C = 29.9
|Nov record high C = 21.1
|Dec record high C = 17.7
|year record high C = 38.5
|Jan high C = 8.3
|Feb high C = 8.5
|Mar high C = 11.4
|Apr high C = 14.2
|May high C = 17.7
|Jun high C = 20.7
|Jul high C = 23.2
|Aug high C = 22.9
|Sep high C = 20.1
|Oct high C = 15.6
|Nov high C = 11.4
|Dec high C = 8.6
|year high C = 15.2
|Jan low C = 2.6
|Feb low C = 2.4
|Mar low C = 4.1
|Apr low C = 5.4
|May low C = 8.4
|Jun low C = 11.5
|Jul low C = 13.9
|Aug low C = 13.7
|Sep low C = 11.2
|Oct low C = 8.3
|Nov low C = 5.1
|Dec low C = 2.8
|year low C = 7.5
|Jan record low C = -10.0
|Feb record low C = -9.0
|Mar record low C = -8.0
|Apr record low C = -2.0
|May record low C = -1.0
|Jun record low C = 5.0
|Jul record low C = 7.0
|Aug record low C = 6.0
|Sep record low C = 3.0
|Oct record low C = -4.0
|Nov record low C = -5.0
|Dec record low C = -7.0
|year record low C = -10.0
|Jan precipitation mm = 51.6
|Feb precipitation mm = 38.2
|Mar precipitation mm = 40.5
|Apr precipitation mm = 45.0
|May precipitation mm = 46.5
|Jun precipitation mm = 47.3
|Jul precipitation mm = 41.1
|Aug precipitation mm = 51.6
|Sep precipitation mm = 50.4
|Oct precipitation mm = 68.8
|Nov precipitation mm = 58.0
|Dec precipitation mm = 53.0
|year precipitation mm = 591.8
|Jan humidity = 91
|Feb humidity = 89
|Mar humidity = 91
|Apr humidity = 90
|May humidity = 92
|Jun humidity = 92
|Jul humidity = 93
|Aug humidity = 95
|Sep humidity = 96
|Oct humidity = 95
|Nov humidity = 93
|Dec humidity = 91
|unit rain days = 1.0 mm
|Jan rain days = 10.8
|Feb rain days = 8.5
|Mar rain days = 9.6
|Apr rain days = 9.4
|May rain days = 9.0
|Jun rain days = 8.3
|Jul rain days = 8.0
|Aug rain days = 7.6
|Sep rain days = 8.5
|Oct rain days = 10.7
|Nov rain days = 10.1
|Dec rain days = 9.9
|Jan snow days= 4
|Feb snow days= 4
|Mar snow days= 3
|Apr snow days= 1
|May snow days= 0
|Jun snow days= 0
|Jul snow days= 0
|Aug snow days= 0
|Sep snow days= 0
|Oct snow days= 0
|Nov snow days= 1
|Dec snow days= 3
|Jan sun = 49.9
|Feb sun = 71.4
|Mar sun = 107.1
|Apr sun = 159.8
|May sun = 181.2
|Jun sun = 181.0
|Jul sun = 192.1
|Aug sun = 195.1
|Sep sun = 138.9
|Oct sun = 108.1
|Nov sun = 58.5
|Dec sun = 37.4
|year sun = 1480.5
|source 1 = Record highs and lows from BBC Weather, except August and February maximum from Met Office
|source 2 = All other data from Met Office,{{cite web
| url = http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/averages/19812010/sites/greenwich.html
| title = Greenwich 1981–2010 averages
| archiveurl =
| archivedate =
| publisher = Met Office
| accessdate = 10 April 2013}} except for humidity and snow data which are from NOAA
|date=August 2010
}} Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition. After the palace was destroyed by fire and with Beeching axe#Background in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a Crystal Palace railway station#Station redevelopment for East London Line in 2012 and Tramlink route 5 to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.

Local government

Crystal Palace sits on the boundary of four London boroughs - London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Southwark - with a fifth borough (London Borough of Lewisham) nearby. As a result the area is served by a diverse range of Local government in England bodies and Member of Parliament.

{| class="wikitable"
|+ align="top"| Party colours
|-
! Colour !! Party
|-
|| ||Conservative Party (UK)
|-
|| ||Labour Party (UK)
|-
||  ||Liberal Democrats (UK)
|-
|}
Local authorities
The elected officials by ward for Crystal Palace local authorities in June 2013 were:

{| class="wikitable"
|-
! Local Authority !! Ward !!|   !! Elected Councillors
|-
| rowspan=2 |Bromley Council || rowspan=2 |Crystal Palace (ward) ||rowspan=2 | 
| Tom Papworth
|-
| John Canvin
|-
| rowspan=3|Croydon Council || rowspan=3|Upper Norwood ||rowspan=3 | 
| Alisa Flemming
|-
|John Wentworth
|-
|Pat Ryan
|-
| rowspan=3|Lambeth Council || rowspan=3|Gipsy Hill ||rowspan=3 | 
||Matthew Bennett
|-
|Jennifer Brathwaite
|-
|Niranjan Francis
|-
| rowspan=3|Lewisham Council || rowspan=3|Sydenham ||rowspan=3 | 
|Chris Best
|-
|Liam Curran
|-
|Marion Nisbet
|-
| rowspan=3|Southwark Council || rowspan=3|College ||rowspan=2 | 
|| Andy Simmons
|-
|Helen Hayes
|-
|| 
|Lewis Robinson
|}

London Assembly
The area is represented by four constituencies in the London Assembly. Their elected assembly members in June 2013 were:
{{multiple image
| width = 100
| footer = London Assembly Members in Crystal Palace.
| image1 = ValerieShawcross.JPG
| alt1 = Profile image of Valerie Shawcross AM
| caption1 = Valerie Shawcross
| image2 = James Cleverly casual.jpg
| alt2 = Profile image of James Cleverly AM
| caption2 = James Cleverly
| image3 = Len Duvall London assembly Lab.jpg
| alt3 = Profile image of Len Duvall AM
| caption3 = Len Duvall
}}
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!| London Assembly Constituency !!|  !! Elected Member
|-
| Croydon and Sutton (London Assembly constituency) || |   || Steve O'Connell
|-
| Bexley and Bromley (London Assembly constituency) || |   || James Cleverly
|-
| Greenwich and Lewisham (London Assembly constituency) || |  || Len Duvall
|-
| Lambeth and Southwark (London Assembly constituency) || |  || Val Shawcross
|}

Westminster Parliament
The area is represented by three constituencies in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. In June 2013, their elected MPs were:

{| class="wikitable"
|-
!| Constituency !!|  !! MP
|-
| Croydon North (UK Parliament constituency) || |   || Steve Reed (politician)
|-
| Dulwich and West Norwood (UK Parliament constituency) || |  || Tessa Jowell
|-
| Lewisham West and Penge (UK Parliament constituency) || |  ||Jim Dowd (politician)
|} Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition. After the palace was destroyed by fire and with Beeching axe#Background in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a Crystal Palace railway station#Station redevelopment for East London Line in 2012 and Tramlink route 5 to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.

Media

Films
''The Italian Job'' has a scene filmed at the athletics track in the Crystal Palace sports centre, in which Michael Caine says, "You were only supposed to blow the bloody doors off!" ''The Pleasure Garden (1952 film)'' was also filmed in the park and ''Our Mother's House'' has a scene featuring Dirk Bogarde with several children on the park's boating lake.

Music
The park features prominently as the setting of an outdoor rave in the music video for The Chemical Brothers number 1 single "Setting Sun".

A mini-album about the history of the local area, entitled ''Fire & Glass: A Norwood Tragedy'', was released in September 2007 by the Anglo-Dutch group, H.E.R.R.

Literature
Arthur Conan Doyle was active in the area between 1891 and 1894. Although he lived in nearby South Norwood he visited the Crystal Palace and Upper Norwood area regularly in connection with the Upper Norwood Literary and Scientific Society. The Foresters Hall on Westow Street was then known as the Welcome Hall (or just Welcome) and it was in that hall in May 1892 that Arthur Conan Doyle was elected president of the society. He was re-elected to the post in 1893 and resigned in 1894. Each occasion was in the same hall.The Norwood Author - Arthur Conan Doyle & The Norwood Years (1891-1894) by Alistair Duncan ISBN 978-1-904312-69-7

The writer Deborah Crombie sets her 2013 mystery, ''The Sound of Broken Glass'', in the Crystal Palace area of London. Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition. After the palace was destroyed by fire and with Beeching axe#Background in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a Crystal Palace railway station#Station redevelopment for East London Line in 2012 and Tramlink route 5 to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.

Sports

Crystal Palace has had a long association with sports and Crystal Palace F.C. (1861) was one of the 12 founder members of The Football Association. The original football club disappeared from records in 1876 and it was not until 1905 that the current Crystal Palace F.C. club was re-formed. The club played on the grounds of The Crystal Palace, on what is now the site of the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, until it moved to Selhurt in 1918. The grounds also hosted the FA Cup Final between 1895 and 1914. Despite the move to Selhurst, the club retained the Crystal Palace name, which is in use to the present day.


The historical grounds also hosted the first England national rugby union team match against New Zealand in 1905, which New Zealand won by 15-0, and the short-lived London County Cricket Club.


In 1964, a 15,500 seater athletics stadium and sports centre was built on the site of the football grounds in Crystal Palace Park. The athletics stadium was known as the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre and between 1999 and 2012 hosted the London Grand Prix among other international athletics meetings. The Crystal Palace triathletes club is also based here.
Since the London 2012 Olympics, the status of the stadium and aquatics centre as the main facilities for their sports in London has been superseded by the London Aquatics Centre and Olympic Stadium (London). This led to Crystal Palace F.C. submitting plans to rebuild the stadium as a 40,000 capacity football stadium, without the running track.

A Crystal Palace circuit was opened around the Park in 1927 and the remains of the track now make up some of the access roads around the park. The track was extended to two miles in 1936, before being taken over by the Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) at the start of World War II. Race meetings resumed in 1953, and the circuit hosted a range of international racing events, continuing until the last races in 1974. Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition. After the palace was destroyed by fire and with Beeching axe#Background in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a Crystal Palace railway station#Station redevelopment for East London Line in 2012 and Tramlink route 5 to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.

Education

Crystal Palace contains three primary schools, Paxton Primary School, Rockmount Primary School and All Saints C of E Primary School, and one secondary school, Harris City Academy. In 2013, due to a shortage of primary school places in both Crystal Palace and London, proposals to open a new primary school by September 2015 were put forward, with plans due to be submitted to the Department for Education by January 2014.

Crystal Palace Park also contains a branch of Capel Manor College, offering courses in Animal Care, Arboriculture and Countryside, Horticulture and Landscaping and Garden Design along with other short courses. Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition. After the palace was destroyed by fire and with Beeching axe#Background in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a Crystal Palace railway station#Station redevelopment for East London Line in 2012 and Tramlink route 5 to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.

Transport

Roads
The area is served by the A212 road, A214 road, A234 road and A2199 roads. The roads that make up the triangle (Westow Hill, Westow Street and Church Road) form part of a one-way system and are in a 24 hour controlled parking zone . There is a coach park inside Crystal Palace Park.

The area would have been affected by the cancelled London Ringways motorway plans, as one of the radial routes connecting the South Cross Route to Ringway 2 (the South Cross Route to Parkway D Radial) would have run through a part of Crystal Palace Park, following the railway line.

=Cycle routes=
London Cycle Network routes 23 and 27 travel through Crystal Palace. Route 27 runs from Anerley Hill through part of Crystal Palace Park towards Bromley and route 23 through the Crystal Palace triangle to connect to Borough, London and Croydon.

Rail

Crystal Palace is accessible by rail via the Crystal Palace railway station, where Southern (train operating company) trains run to and from London Victoria station and London Bridge rail station railway stations on the Outer South London Line. In addition, Southern services run to Beckenham Junction station, Sutton railway station (London) and Epsom Downs railway station. Crystal Palace railway station is one of the few stations to border two London fare zones, Zones 3 and 4. The South Gate of the Park is accessible by rail via Penge West railway station, which is served by Southern trains from London Bridge railway station and London Overground services.

Crystal Palace used to have a second railway station, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station. The station was built to serve passengers visiting the Crystal Palace, but after the fire in 1936 traffic on Crystal Palace and South London Junction Railway declined. During World War II the line serving the station was temporarily closed due to bomb damage. Although repairs were made and the line was reopened, the requirement for reconstruction work and the drop in traffic led to the decision to close the station and branch line in 1954, followed by the demolition of the station in 1961. Despite the demolition, a Grade 2 listed#Categories of listed building subway remains under Crystal Palace Parade. The Crystal Palace pneumatic railway was also built in Crystal Palace circa 1864.


The low level station remained open, although passenger numbers at that station also fell after the fire of 1936 and many services were diverted to serve London-Croydon routes instead of the Outer South London Line. Rail travel was in decline across the UK in the 1960s and 1970s when the Beeching Axe was imposed. During the 1970s, two outer platforms used by terminating trains were abandoned and the third rail was removed.

More recently rail travel at the station has seen a resurgence and new services have started running. Passenger numbers increased each year between 2004 and 2013. Since May 2010, the station has served the East London Line branch of the London Overground, connecting with the London Docklands and Shoreditch. In 2011 services were extended to Highbury and Islington railway station. The station underwent redevelopment in 2012, which brought the original Victorian booking hall back into use, created a new cafe in the station building and provided wheelchair access through the installation of three lifts; this work was completed by the end of March 2013.

Tram
There have been past Tramlink route 5 to connect the Croydon Tramlink to Crystal Palace, with London Mayor citing the desirability of the initiative.


Bus
The area is served by multiple Buses in London routes, many of which terminate at Crystal Palace Bus Station. These services include routes London Buses route N2, London Buses route 3, London Buses route N63, London Buses route 122, London Buses route N137, London Buses route 157, London Buses route 202, London Buses route 227, London Buses route 249, London Buses route 322, London Buses route 358, London Buses route 363, London Buses route 410, London Buses route 417, London Buses route 432, London Buses route 450 and London Buses route 931.

Air
The nearest major international airports are Heathrow Airport and Gatwick Airport. London City Airport and Biggin Hill Airport are also nearby. Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition. After the palace was destroyed by fire and with Beeching axe#Background in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a Crystal Palace railway station#Station redevelopment for East London Line in 2012 and Tramlink route 5 to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.

Notable people

Marie Stopes, early promoter of sex education and contraception, was raised in a house on Cintra Park shortly after her birth in Edinburgh, in 1880.

Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, artist and sculptor who created the Crystal Palace Dinosaurs in the park, lived on Belvedere Road between 1856 and 1872.

Jim Bob, Carter USM frontman, currently lives in Crystal Palace.

The African-American Shakespearian Actor Ira Aldridge lived in the Crystal Palace area.

The French novelist Émile Zola lived in what is now the Queen's Hotel on Church Road between October 1898 and June 1899. Zola fled to England after being convicted of criminal libel in France on 23 February 1898, a direct consequence of the publication of his open letter "J'accuse".

Francis Pettit Smith, one of the inventors of the screw propeller and a contributor to the construction of the SS Archimedes, lived in the area between 1864 and 1870.

British rapper Speech Debelle was born in Crystal Palace. She left the area because of "traffic and parking problems".

Author, musician and National anarchist activist Troy Southgate was born in Crystal Palace.

Camille Pissarro, Danish-French Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painter, stayed in Crystal Palace between 1870 and 1871.

David Boyle (author), Liberal Democrats author and journalist, lives in Crystal Palace. Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition. After the palace was destroyed by fire and with Beeching axe#Background in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a Crystal Palace railway station#Station redevelopment for East London Line in 2012 and Tramlink route 5 to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.

Nearest places

{{Geographic location
|title = '''Districts closest to Crystal Palace'''
|Centre = Crystal Palace
|North = Dulwich
|Northeast = Forest Hill, London
|East = Sydenham, London, England
|Southeast = Penge
|South = Anerley
|Southwest = Upper Norwood, London
|West = Gipsy Hill
|Northwest = West Norwood, London
}} Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition. After the palace was destroyed by fire and with Beeching axe#Background in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a Crystal Palace railway station#Station redevelopment for East London Line in 2012 and Tramlink route 5 to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.

See also

*The Crystal Palace
*Crystal Palace Park
*Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
*Crystal Palace railway station
*Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station
*Crystal Palace pneumatic railway
*Crystal Palace circuit Crystal Palace is a residential area in South London, England within the London Boroughs of London Borough of Bromley, London Borough of Croydon, London Borough of Southwark, London Borough of Lambeth and London Borough of Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, The Crystal Palace,Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 which occupied the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately 8 miles south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the List of highest points in London, at ,Spot Height in feet, TQ337707, Ordnance Survey Map, 1862 offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three London postal district, although an Crystal Palace (ward) named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century and before the arrival of The Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries, which ultimately led to the area encompassing the boundaries of five London Boroughs. Today, the area is represented by three different Parliamentary constituencies of the UK parliament, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority Councillors#United Kingdom. After The Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is now home to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden (1952 film). Two television transmitter Crystal Palace transmitting station make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Other major landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk. A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station and Crystal Palace railway station stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the exhibition.

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