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De Beauvoir Town ( or ) is a district of the London Borough of Hackney that partly falls within the London Borough of Islington. Its borders are Kingsland Road in the east, Southgate Road to the west, the Regents Canal in the south and Ball's Pond Road to the north. It shares the northern London postal district of London N1 with neighbouring Islington, Barnsbury, Canonbury and Hoxton.

History

19th century

Until 1820 the area now covered by De Beauvoir Town was open country with a few grand houses. In 1821, stimulated by the opening of the Regent's Canal the previous year, developer William Rhodes secured a lease for of land from Peter de Beauvoir. Rhodes planned to build residences for the upper classes in a grid pattern, with four squares on diagonal streets intersecting at an octagon. However, work stopped in 1823 when Rhodes was found to have obtained his lease unfairly and after a court case spanning over 20 years the land reverted to the de Beauvoir family in 1834.[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=22699 ''Hackney: De Beauvoir Town''], ''A History of the County of Middlesex'': Volume 10: Hackney (1995), pp. 33-35 accessed: 07 March 2009

The delay in building had meant that Rhodes' clientele had since moved on to the new suburbs of the West End. The scheme was scaled down and of the planned squares only the southeastern was built, as De Beauvoir Square, although the diagonals partly survived in Enfield Road, Stamford Road and Ardleigh Road. Occupied in the 1840s by the newly emerging middle classes, the estate was almost wholly residential except around Kingsland Basin and the south-west corner where a factory was leased from 1823.

20th Century
[[Image:De-beauvour-new2.jpg|thumb|right|De Beauvoir Estate, completed in 1971]]
In 1937, due to its easy access to Kingsland Basin, the southeast corner between Downham Road and Hertford Road was re-zoning for industrial use. Soon after all the area south of Downham Road was included. This distinguished it from the north side of Downham Road, which was already zoned for business and acted as a buffer for the mainly residential streets beyond. In 1938 De Beauvoir Crescent was suggested as another business zone to protect housing to the north.

In the early 1960s the northern part of De Beauvoir Town between Buckingham Road and Tottenham Road was rebuilt as the Metropolitan Borough of Hackney's Kingsgate estate. In the late 1960s a larger area west of the canal basin, which contained many small factories, made way for the De Beauvoir Estate. The east side of De Beauvoir Square was also lost to the Lockner Road estate.

In 1968 the De Beauvoir Town association was formed. The rest of the square with the area bounded by Englefield Road, Northchurch Road, Southgate Road, Hertford Road, and Stamford Road became a conservation area in 1969. This area was later extended to cover most of De Beauvoir Town; the eastern edge, however, is in the Kingsland conservation area. De Beauvoir Town ( or ) is a district of the London Borough of Hackney that partly falls within the London Borough of Islington. Its borders are Kingsland Road in the east, Southgate Road to the west, the Regents Canal in the south and Ball's Pond Road to the north. It shares the northern London postal district of London N1 with neighbouring Islington, Barnsbury, Canonbury and Hoxton.

Notable residents

Edmund Gosse, the poet, the son of naturalist Philip Henry Gosse, lived in the area.

De Beauvoir Town was home to William Lyttle (1931–2010), a retired electrical engineer known as the ''Mole Man of Hackney''. Mr Lyttle dug a series of tunnels under his 20-room property on the corner of Mortimer Road and Stamford Road. In 2001, his tunnelling caused an hole to appear in the pavement on Stamford Road. Reports that the tunnelling had started again in 2006 were confirmed when Hackney Council found a web of tunnels and caverns, some 8 m (26 ft) deep, spreading up to 20m in every direction from his house.

In August 2006, the Council succeeded in getting a court order banning Mr Lyttle from his property. Mr Lyttle died in 2010 and the fate of the house, now derelict and needing a new roof, was thought to be uncertain.[http://society.guardian.co.uk/communities/story/0,,1839538,00.html ''After 40 years' burrowing, Mole Man of Hackney is ordered to stop''] ''The Guardian''[http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2-2304981,00.html ''Mole Man faces £100,000 bill for undermining the neighbourhood''] ''The Times'' Online-[http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2010/jun/18/hackney-mole-man-william-lyttle-dies] The house was auctioned on 19 July 2012 and sold for £1.12 million.As of summer 2013, the roofless property on its triangular site is supported by scaffolding and surrounded by a tall corrugated-iron fence. De Beauvoir Town ( or ) is a district of the London Borough of Hackney that partly falls within the London Borough of Islington. Its borders are Kingsland Road in the east, Southgate Road to the west, the Regents Canal in the south and Ball's Pond Road to the north. It shares the northern London postal district of London N1 with neighbouring Islington, Barnsbury, Canonbury and Hoxton.

Elected representatives

The local MP is Meg Hillier. Local councillors for De Beauvoir (ward) are Rob Chapman, Tom Ebbutt and Gulay Icoz. De Beauvoir Town ( or ) is a district of the London Borough of Hackney that partly falls within the London Borough of Islington. Its borders are Kingsland Road in the east, Southgate Road to the west, the Regents Canal in the south and Ball's Pond Road to the north. It shares the northern London postal district of London N1 with neighbouring Islington, Barnsbury, Canonbury and Hoxton.

Education

De Beauvoir Town ( or ) is a district of the London Borough of Hackney that partly falls within the London Borough of Islington. Its borders are Kingsland Road in the east, Southgate Road to the west, the Regents Canal in the south and Ball's Pond Road to the north. It shares the northern London postal district of London N1 with neighbouring Islington, Barnsbury, Canonbury and Hoxton.

Transport and locale

{{Geographic Location
|title = '''Neighbouring areas of London.'''
|Northwest = Highbury
|North = Newington Green
|Northeast = Dalston
|West = Canonbury
|Centre = De Beauvoir Town
|East = Kingsland, London
|Southwest = Islington
|South = Hoxton
|Southeast = Shoreditch
}}
[[Image:Hackney districts.gif|thumb|upright|right|Districts within the London Borough of Hackney]]

;Nearest railway stations
The nearest stations are Dalston Junction railway station to the north-east and Haggerston railway station to the south-east, both on the East London Line branch of the London Overground. A little further to the north of Dalston Junction is Dalston Kingsland railway station which is on the North London Line branch of the London Overground.
Essex Road railway station to the west is a station on the Northern City Line, part of the National Rail network .

The nearest tube stations are Angel tube station and Old Street tube station, each about 20 minutes walk away. Highbury & Islington tube station tube station is also quite close but is about 30 minutes walk away.

;Nearby bus routes
The area is well served by London Buses.


* 21 (Newington Green - Lewisham)
* London Buses route 30 (Marble Arch - Hackney Wick)
* 38/N38 (Victoria - Clapton)
* London Buses route 43 (Friern Barnet - London Bridge Station)
* 56 (Smithfield - Whipps Cross)
* 67 (Aldgate - Wood Green)

* 73/N73 (Victoria - Stoke Newington)
* 76/N76 (Waterloo - Seven Sisters)
* 141 (London Bridge - Palmers Green)
* 149 (London Bridge - Edmonton Green)

* London Buses route 242 (Tottenham Court Road - Homerton Hospital)
* 243/N243 (Waterloo - Wood Green)
* 277 (Highbury & Islington - Leamouth)
* 341 (Waterloo - Northumberland Park)
* 476 (Euston - Northumberland Park)


Walking and cycling
The Regents Canal towpath is easily accessible to pedestrians and cyclists. Travelling east, provides access to Victoria Park, East London, and to the west, Islington. De Beauvoir Town ( or ) is a district of the London Borough of Hackney that partly falls within the London Borough of Islington. Its borders are Kingsland Road in the east, Southgate Road to the west, the Regents Canal in the south and Ball's Pond Road to the north. It shares the northern London postal district of London N1 with neighbouring Islington, Barnsbury, Canonbury and Hoxton.

References

De Beauvoir Town ( or ) is a district of the London Borough of Hackney that partly falls within the London Borough of Islington. Its borders are Kingsland Road in the east, Southgate Road to the west, the Regents Canal in the south and Ball's Pond Road to the north. It shares the northern London postal district of London N1 with neighbouring Islington, Barnsbury, Canonbury and Hoxton.

External links

*[http://www.hackney.gov.uk/hackney-today-158-part1.pdf ''28 Weeks Later filmed in De Beauvoir''] ''Hackney Today'' Issue 158, 7 May 2007.
*[http://www.hackney.gov.uk/projects-filmed-in-hackney-2.htm ''Projects Filmed in De Beauvoir'']
*[http://www.brickfields.org.uk/text/georgian-landscape.html ''Brickfields: Georgian landscape''] (Building Exploratory, n.d.)
* [http://www.debeauvoir.org.uk The De Beauvoir Association] (includes further information and image of William Rhodes' original plans)



Category:Districts of Hackney
Category:Areas of London