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Eastcote is a suburban area established around an old village in Greater London (Historic counties of England Middlesex), and is part of the London Borough of Hillingdon. In the Middle Ages, Eastcote was one of the three areas that made up the parish of Ruislip, under the name of Ascot. The name came from its position to the east of the parish. While no historically significant events have taken place in Eastcote, there are links to past events in the history of Britain. One such example is of Mary Bankes, who lived in Eastcote for a time, and led the defence of Corfe Castle in Dorset against the Roundheads during the English Civil War. Eastcote also housed an outstation of the Bletchley Park codebreaking activities during the World War II, with several codebreaking computers in use. This operation became the precursor to GCHQ, which remained in Eastcote after the war until the department moved to purpose-built buildings in Cheltenham in 1952. By the History of London (1900–1939), the recorded population was around 600; this had reached {{formatnum:

History

Toponomy
Eastcote was originally recorded as Ascot, one of the three medieval tithings of the parish of Ruislip, along with Westcot and Norwood. Norwood, in the north of the parish, became Northwood, Hillingdon; Westcot, in the west became Westcote (the main Ruislip village), and Ascot, in the east, became what is now Eastcote.Bowlt 2007, p.36

Early developments

The Hawtrey family moved to Eastcote around 1525 after Ralph Hawtrey married Winifred Walleston. She lived in a cottage named "Hopkyttes", which the couple moved into and renamed Eastcote House. A dovecote was built by their son John, without applying for a licence from the manor, as was the custom at the time. After his death in 1593, his nephew Ralph Hawtrey applied for the licence, which was approved.Bowlt 2007, p.39

Ralph Hawtrey's only daughter became Mary Bankes when she married Sir John Bankes, Chief Justice to Charles I of England As a Cavalier, she defended their home in Dorset, Corfe Castle, Dorset, against the Roundheads in 1643 at the time of the English Civil War. A plaque on the south wall of St Martin's Church, Ruislip in Ruislip commemorates her heroic act. Lady Bankes had also lived at Haydon Hall in Eastcote, and her name is remembered by the school in Ruislip Manor.Bowlt 2007, p.20—21

In 1565, a land survey was completed which recorded 62 houses in Eastcote, of which four were ruined.Bowlt 2007, p.37

The first Haydon Hall was built in 1630 for Alice Spencer, predominantly to allow her to store her possessions there. Lady Alice lived at Harefield Place, and purchased the land on which the hall was built from the Haydon family. The family appear in parish records from 1394 until 1562 when they sold a house on the site of Haydon Hall to William Nicholas.Bowlt 2007, p.43—45

Highgrove House, Eastcote was built in the 18th century but was destroyed by fire and rebuilt in 1879. Winston Churchill stayed there during his honeymoon and the Victoria of Baden was resident during the First World War.Edwards 1987, p.12

Urban development

At the History of London (1900–1939), Eastcote was a small community with around 120 cottages and a population of around 600 people.Edwards 1987, p.9

The Metropolitan Railway was extended to Uxbridge from Harrow on the Hill in 1904, passing through Eastcote. A Railway halt was built in 1906.Newbery et al 1996, p.66 The extension of the railway brought with it a substantial number of travellers seeking a day out in the countryside. The tea garden of the Old Barn House became popular with visitors to the area, as were cottages including The Rosery and Orchard Farm which served refreshments. In 1914, the Cavendish Pavilion was built as a private sports ground. The railway halt was rebuilt as a station in 1939.

In 1930, the housing developers Comben Homes purchased the Hawtrey family's land, which included Eastcote House and its grounds, with the plan for the new Eastcote Park Estate. The estate - comprising Abbotsbury Gardens, Devonshire Road, Lowlands Road, Deane Croft Road, Rushdene Road and The Chase - would have necessitated the demolition of Eastcote House until this was purchased by the Ruislip-Northwood Urban District Council in 1937 for public use.Edwards 1987, p.37 Haydon Hall was purchased by the local council in 1936 after the death of its owner, Mrs Bennett-Edwards.Newbery et al 1996, p.74


During the Second World War, Eastcote House was used to house the local branch of the Food Control Office, in charge of issuing ration books.Edwards 1987, p.68 The area was subjected to bombing by the Luftwaffe; 106 bombs fell on Eastcote between September 1940 and May 1941,Newbery 1996, p.73 from a total of 18 recorded raids.Edwards 1987, p.69

The British government built a military hospital on land near Highgrove House during the war, in preparation for military casualties from the D-Day landings. They were not required for the role and were converted into barracks for Royal Navy Women's Royal Naval Service. Bletchley Park also established an outpost in surplus buildings on the site, which became known to staff as HMS Pembroke V. A total of 100 Bombe and Colossus computer codebreaker machines were used to decode German Enigma machine messages. The station closed shortly after the war ended in 1945,B. Jack Copeland, ''Colossus: the secrets of Bletchley Park's codebreaking computers'' (Oxford University Press, 2006), [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=gfL4ky-TQOMC&pg=PA172#v=onepage&q&f=false p. 272] although the operations from Bletchley Park were re-established on the site in April 1946, under the new name of "Government Communications Headquarters" (GCHQ).Copeland, [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=gfL4ky-TQOMC&pg=PA173#v=onepage&q&f=false p. 273] Operations continued on the site until GCHQ moved to a new purpose-built site in Cheltenham in February 1954.


In 1952, a number of new houses were built by Wimpeys Ltd in Newnham Avenue for the Ruislip-Northwood Urban District Council as part of their "no fines" scheme. The Minister for Housing and later Prime Minister, Harold Macmillan, attended.Newbery et al 1996, p.70

In 1964, Eastcote House was demolished after it was declared structurally unsafe. The grounds including the walled garden, coach house and dovecote were retained for public use.Newbery 1996, p.76 Haydon Hall had also fallen into a state of disrepair and was demolished in 1967.

The RAF Eastcote site was sold for development to George Wimpey (now Taylor Wimpey) in 2007, with plans for the construction of 385 new homes. As of early 2011, 50% of the development had been completed, and the estate renamed Pembroke Park, in reference to HMS Pembroke V, the former name of the codebreaking operation during the Second World War.

In November 2011 the public house The Manor was refurbished and renamed "The Ascott", after the owners Greene King Brewery asked for public suggestions for a new name based on the local history of the area. Eastcote is a suburban area established around an old village in Greater London (Historic counties of England Middlesex), and is part of the London Borough of Hillingdon. In the Middle Ages, Eastcote was one of the three areas that made up the parish of Ruislip, under the name of Ascot. The name came from its position to the east of the parish. While no historically significant events have taken place in Eastcote, there are links to past events in the history of Britain. One such example is of Mary Bankes, who lived in Eastcote for a time, and led the defence of Corfe Castle in Dorset against the Roundheads during the English Civil War. Eastcote also housed an outstation of the Bletchley Park codebreaking activities during the World War II, with several codebreaking computers in use. This operation became the precursor to GCHQ, which remained in Eastcote after the war until the department moved to purpose-built buildings in Cheltenham in 1952. By the History of London (1900–1939), the recorded population was around 600; this had reached {{formatnum:

Local government

Eastcote was in the Ruislip-Northwood (UK Parliament constituency) until boundary changes at the United Kingdom general election, 2010 moved the seat eastward to become Ruislip, Northwood and Pinner (UK Parliament constituency), served by Conservative Party (UK) Member of Parliament Nick Hurd who was first elected in 2005.

Eastcote is within the Eastcote and East Ruislip ward of the London Borough of Hillingdon, and is represented by Conservative Councillors Bruce Baker, Catherine Dann and David Payne. Eastcote is a suburban area established around an old village in Greater London (Historic counties of England Middlesex), and is part of the London Borough of Hillingdon. In the Middle Ages, Eastcote was one of the three areas that made up the parish of Ruislip, under the name of Ascot. The name came from its position to the east of the parish. While no historically significant events have taken place in Eastcote, there are links to past events in the history of Britain. One such example is of Mary Bankes, who lived in Eastcote for a time, and led the defence of Corfe Castle in Dorset against the Roundheads during the English Civil War. Eastcote also housed an outstation of the Bletchley Park codebreaking activities during the World War II, with several codebreaking computers in use. This operation became the precursor to GCHQ, which remained in Eastcote after the war until the department moved to purpose-built buildings in Cheltenham in 1952. By the History of London (1900–1939), the recorded population was around 600; this had reached {{formatnum:

Localities

;Eastcote Village
This is the only named locality on Ordnance Survey maps, on slopes with elevations of 40–55m Above Ordnance Datum above the rest of Eastcote and extends towards the Ruislip Woods National Nature Reserve and Haste Hill.[http://getamap.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/getamap/frames.htm?mapAction=gaz&gazName=g&gazString=TQ048812 Ordnance survey website] Eastcote Village surrounds a park-based conservation area that includes the Cricket (sport) pitch, Eastcote House Gardens and Haydon Hall Park on the upper slopes of the River Pinn.[http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/media.jsp?mediaid=14760&filetype=pdf Map of the first Conservation Area - Eastcote Village] An adjoining conservation area, Eastcote Park, includes some of the south of Eastcote Village.[http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/media.jsp?mediaid=14759&filetype=pdf Map of the second Conservation Area - Eastcote Park] Eastcote is a suburban area established around an old village in Greater London (Historic counties of England Middlesex), and is part of the London Borough of Hillingdon. In the Middle Ages, Eastcote was one of the three areas that made up the parish of Ruislip, under the name of Ascot. The name came from its position to the east of the parish. While no historically significant events have taken place in Eastcote, there are links to past events in the history of Britain. One such example is of Mary Bankes, who lived in Eastcote for a time, and led the defence of Corfe Castle in Dorset against the Roundheads during the English Civil War. Eastcote also housed an outstation of the Bletchley Park codebreaking activities during the World War II, with several codebreaking computers in use. This operation became the precursor to GCHQ, which remained in Eastcote after the war until the department moved to purpose-built buildings in Cheltenham in 1952. By the History of London (1900–1939), the recorded population was around 600; this had reached {{formatnum:

Transport

Eastcote tube station is served by the Metropolitan line and Piccadilly lines.

Eastcote is served by three bus routes, though only two serve Eastcote itself. The London Buses routes London Buses route 282 to Ealing Hospital and Mount Vernon Hospital and London Buses route 398 to Wood End Estate and Ruislip serve Eastcote. London Buses route H13 to Ruislip Lido and Northwood Hills does not serve Eastcote shopping parade itself, but does pass through the "traditional" Eastcote Village along High Road Eastcote. Eastcote is a suburban area established around an old village in Greater London (Historic counties of England Middlesex), and is part of the London Borough of Hillingdon. In the Middle Ages, Eastcote was one of the three areas that made up the parish of Ruislip, under the name of Ascot. The name came from its position to the east of the parish. While no historically significant events have taken place in Eastcote, there are links to past events in the history of Britain. One such example is of Mary Bankes, who lived in Eastcote for a time, and led the defence of Corfe Castle in Dorset against the Roundheads during the English Civil War. Eastcote also housed an outstation of the Bletchley Park codebreaking activities during the World War II, with several codebreaking computers in use. This operation became the precursor to GCHQ, which remained in Eastcote after the war until the department moved to purpose-built buildings in Cheltenham in 1952. By the History of London (1900–1939), the recorded population was around 600; this had reached {{formatnum:

Notable people

* Actress Jessie Matthews (1907-1981) lived in Eastcote at the time of her death

* Composer Sir Michael Tippett (1905-1998) was born in Eastcote

* Actress Luisa Bradshaw-White, best known for her roles in ''Holby City'' and ''This Life'', was born in Eastcote

* Television and radio presenter Fearne Cotton grew up in Eastcote

* Actor Bernard Holley, known for roles in ''Dr Who'' and ''EastEnders'' among others, was born in Eastcote Eastcote is a suburban area established around an old village in Greater London (Historic counties of England Middlesex), and is part of the London Borough of Hillingdon. In the Middle Ages, Eastcote was one of the three areas that made up the parish of Ruislip, under the name of Ascot. The name came from its position to the east of the parish. While no historically significant events have taken place in Eastcote, there are links to past events in the history of Britain. One such example is of Mary Bankes, who lived in Eastcote for a time, and led the defence of Corfe Castle in Dorset against the Roundheads during the English Civil War. Eastcote also housed an outstation of the Bletchley Park codebreaking activities during the World War II, with several codebreaking computers in use. This operation became the precursor to GCHQ, which remained in Eastcote after the war until the department moved to purpose-built buildings in Cheltenham in 1952. By the History of London (1900–1939), the recorded population was around 600; this had reached {{formatnum:

References

;Notes
: '''a''' A tithing was the term used in medieval England for a grouping of ten households.

;Citations


;Bibliography
* Bowlt, Eileen. M. (2007) ''Around Ruislip, Eastcote, Northwood, Ickenham & Harefield''. Stroud: Sutton Publishing ISBN 978-0-7509-4796-1
* Edwards, Ron. (1987) ''Eastcote: From Village to Suburb''. Uxbridge: London Borough of Hillingdon ISBN 0-907869-09-2
* Newbery, Maria; Cotton, Carolynne; Packham, Julie Ann; Jones, Gwyn. (1996) ''Around Ruislip''. Stroud: The Chalfont Publishing Company ISBN 0-7524-0688-4 Eastcote is a suburban area established around an old village in Greater London (Historic counties of England Middlesex), and is part of the London Borough of Hillingdon. In the Middle Ages, Eastcote was one of the three areas that made up the parish of Ruislip, under the name of Ascot. The name came from its position to the east of the parish. While no historically significant events have taken place in Eastcote, there are links to past events in the history of Britain. One such example is of Mary Bankes, who lived in Eastcote for a time, and led the defence of Corfe Castle in Dorset against the Roundheads during the English Civil War. Eastcote also housed an outstation of the Bletchley Park codebreaking activities during the World War II, with several codebreaking computers in use. This operation became the precursor to GCHQ, which remained in Eastcote after the war until the department moved to purpose-built buildings in Cheltenham in 1952. By the History of London (1900–1939), the recorded population was around 600; this had reached {{formatnum:

External links

* [http://www.eastcotera.co.uk/ Eastcote Residents' Association]
* [http://www.rnelhs.flyer.co.uk/ Ruislip, Northwood and Eastcote Local History Society]



Category:Areas of London
Category:Districts of Hillingdon