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Kilburn, London escorts

Kilburn is an area of north-west London, England, which is divided between three London Boroughs: most of Kilburn is in London Borough of Brent or London Borough of Camden, but a small part is in City of Westminster. The main thoroughfare running northwest-southeast is Kilburn High Road, part of the modern A5 road (Great Britain) which forms the boundary between the boroughs of Brent and Camden. The road dates back to pre-Roman times and is part of the Roman roads in Britain known as Watling Street. The town of Kilburn has its origins in a 12th-century priory on the banks of the Kilburn Brook. Kilburn today is a busy and multicultural London district. It has the highest Irish population of any London area, as well as a large British Afro-Caribbean community population. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

History

Kilburn High Road originated as an ancient trackway, part of a Celts route between the settlements now known as Canterbury and St Albans. Under Roman Britain, the route was paved. In Anglo-Saxons times the road became known as Watling Street.{{cite web
|url = http://hampstead.rootschat.net/kilburn.htm
|title = The Virtual Tour of Kilburn
|accessdate = 2007-11-10
}}

[[Image:Watling Street plaque Kilburn.jpg|thumb|A paving stone on Kilburn High Road commemorates the route of Watling Street.]]



Kilburn grew up on the banks of a stream which has been known variously as ''Cuneburna'', ''Kelebourne'' and ''Cyebourne'', which flows from Hampstead down through Hyde Park, London and into the River Thames. It is suggested the name means either Royal River or Cattle River ('Bourne (disambiguation)' being an Anglo-Saxon word for 'river'). The river is known today as the River Westbourne. From the 1850s it was piped underground and is now one of London's many Subterranean rivers of London.

The name Kilburn was first recorded in 1134 as ''Cuneburna'', referring to the priory which had been built on the site of the cell of a hermit known as Godwyn.{{cite book
|url = http://books.google.com/books?id=aY8MAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA336&lpg=PA336&dq=cuneburna#PPA336,M1
|title = The Graphic and Historical Illustrator: An Original Miscellany of Literary, Antiquarian and Topographical Information
|accessdate = 2007-11-10
|author = Edward Wedlake Brayley
|year = 1834
|publisher = J. Chidley
|format = JPG, PDF
}}

Godwyn had built his hermitage by the Kilburn river during the reign of Henry I of England, and both his hermitage and the priory took their name from the river.
{{cite web
|url = http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=22637
|title = Kilburn, Edgware Road and Cricklewood
|accessdate = 2007-11-10
|author = C R Elrington (Editor), T F T Baker, Diane K Bolton, Patricia E C Croot
|year = 1989
|work = A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9 (sourced from British History Online)
}} Kilburn Priory was a small community of nuns, probably Augustinian nuns. It was founded in 1134 at the Kilburn river crossing on Watling Street (the modern-day junction of Kilburn High Road and Belsize Road). Kilburn Priory's position on Watling Street meant that it became a popular resting point for pilgrims heading for the shrines at St Albans and Willesden. The Priory was dissolved in 1536-7 by Henry VIII of England, and nothing remains of it today.{{cite web
|url = http://www.brent-heritage.co.uk/kilburn.htm
|title = Kilburn
|accessdate =2007-11-11
|author =
|year = 2002
|work = Brent Heritage
}}

The priory lands included a mansion and a ''hostium'' (a guesthouse), which may have been the origin of the Red Lion pub, thought to have been founded in 1444. Opposite, the Bell Inn was opened around 1600, on the site of the old mansion.

The fashion for taking 'medicinal waters' in the 18th century came to Kilburn when a well of chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) was discovered near the Bell Inn in 1714. In an attempt to compete with the nearby Hampstead Well, gardens and a 'great room' were opened to promote the well, and its waters were promoted in journals of the day as cure for 'stomach ailments':

{{cquote|''Kilburn Wells, near Paddington.—The waters are now in the utmost perfection; the gardens enlarged and greatly improved; the house and offices re-painted and beautified in the most elegant manner. The whole is now open for the reception of the public, the great room being particularly adapted to the use and amusement of the politest companies. Fit either for music, dancing, or entertainments. This happy spot is equally celebrated for its rural situation, extensive prospects, and the acknowledged efficacy of its waters; is most delightfully situated on the site of the once famous Abbey of Kilburn, on the Edgware Road, at an easy distance, being but a morning's walk, from the metropolis, two miles from Oxford Street; the footway from the Mary-bone across the fields still nearer. A plentiful larder is always provided, together with the best of wines and other liquors. Breakfasting and hot loaves. A printed account of the waters, as drawn up by an eminent physician, is given gratis at the Wells.''|30px|30px|''The Public Advertiser'', July 17, 1773.{{cite web
|url=http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45234
|title=Kilburn and St John's Wood
|work=British History Online
|accessdate=2007-11-11
}}}}

In the 19th century the wells declined, but the Kilburn Wells remained popular as a tea garden. The Bell was demolished and rebuilt in 1863, the building which stands there today.

The Kilburn stretch of Watling Street, now called Edgware Road and Kilburn High Road, was gradually built up with inns and farm houses. However, despite the discovery of a medicinal well in 1714, and the creation of gardens and a fine room to exploit the water, Kilburn did not attract any significant building until around 1819 in the area near St John's Wood.

Between 1839 and 1856 the newsagent and future First Lord of the Admiralty William Henry Smith (1825–1891) lived in a house to the west of Kilburn High Road. Much of the area was developed in the last decades of the nineteenth century by Solomon Barnett, who named many of the streets after places in the West Country (e.g. Torbay) or after popular poets of the day (e.g. Tennyson) in honour of his wife. Kilburn is an area of north-west London, England, which is divided between three London Boroughs: most of Kilburn is in London Borough of Brent or London Borough of Camden, but a small part is in City of Westminster. The main thoroughfare running northwest-southeast is Kilburn High Road, part of the modern A5 road (Great Britain) which forms the boundary between the boroughs of Brent and Camden. The road dates back to pre-Roman times and is part of the Roman roads in Britain known as Watling Street. The town of Kilburn has its origins in a 12th-century priory on the banks of the Kilburn Brook. Kilburn today is a busy and multicultural London district. It has the highest Irish population of any London area, as well as a large British Afro-Caribbean community population. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

Governance

The boundary between the boroughs of Camden and Brent runs along the middle of Kilburn High Road. The electoral wards of 'Kilburn (Camden)' and 'Kilburn (Brent)' cover most of the area. Kilburn is an area of north-west London, England, which is divided between three London Boroughs: most of Kilburn is in London Borough of Brent or London Borough of Camden, but a small part is in City of Westminster. The main thoroughfare running northwest-southeast is Kilburn High Road, part of the modern A5 road (Great Britain) which forms the boundary between the boroughs of Brent and Camden. The road dates back to pre-Roman times and is part of the Roman roads in Britain known as Watling Street. The town of Kilburn has its origins in a 12th-century priory on the banks of the Kilburn Brook. Kilburn today is a busy and multicultural London district. It has the highest Irish population of any London area, as well as a large British Afro-Caribbean community population. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

Demographics

Kilburn has a number of different ethnic groups, including people of Irish people, British Afro-Caribbean community, Indian, Bangladeshi, Pakistani, and Somali people backgrounds. Because the area is split between more than one London borough, statistics are gathered from different parts of Kilburn.{{cite web
|url = http://www.brent.gov.uk/demographic.nsf/24878f4b00d4f0f68025663c006c7944/8dcd4a30899e606680256ce9004553bf!OpenDocument
|title = Kilburn Ward 2001 census
|accessdate =2007-11-18
|author = Brent Council
|year = 2001
}}
{{cite web
|url = http://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/cms-service/stream/asset/?asset_id=531178
|title = Kilburn Ward 2001 census
|accessdate =2007-11-18
|author = Camden Council
|year = 2001
}}


The Kilburn area is most strongly associated with its Irish population and culture; 13% of the population were born in Ireland with an even higher percentage of Irish descent, giving it the highest Irish population of any London area.
{{cite web
|url = http://www.anthropologymatters.com/journal/2003-2/ryan2003_greenfieldskilburn.pdf
|format=PDF|title = In the Green Fields of Kilburn: Reflections on a Quantitative Study of Irish Migrants in North London
|accessdate = 2007-11-10
|author = Louise Ryan
|month = February | year = 2002
|work = Anthropology Matters Journal
}} The Irish presence is evident in Irish community activities, Irish pubs (many of which attract custom by screening Gaelic games), local Gaelic Athletic Association sports clubs,{{cite web
|url=http://www.kilburngaelshurlingclub.org/
|title = Kilburn Gaels Hurling Club
|accessdate=2007-11-18
}} newsagents selling a wide range of Irish newspapers, and the annual St Patrick's Day celebrations in the area. The area is sometimes jokingly referred to as '''County Kilburn'''.
The 2007 Irish-language film ''Kings (film)'' has also been associated with Kilburn and is based on Jimmy Murphy (playwright)'s play ''The Kings of the Kilburn High Road''. Kilburn is an area of north-west London, England, which is divided between three London Boroughs: most of Kilburn is in London Borough of Brent or London Borough of Camden, but a small part is in City of Westminster. The main thoroughfare running northwest-southeast is Kilburn High Road, part of the modern A5 road (Great Britain) which forms the boundary between the boroughs of Brent and Camden. The road dates back to pre-Roman times and is part of the Roman roads in Britain known as Watling Street. The town of Kilburn has its origins in a 12th-century priory on the banks of the Kilburn Brook. Kilburn today is a busy and multicultural London district. It has the highest Irish population of any London area, as well as a large British Afro-Caribbean community population. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

Landmarks

{{imagestack|
on Kilburn High Road]]


}}

Kilburn High Road

Kilburn High Road is the main road in Kilburn. It follows a part of the line of the Roman Britain route, Iter III in the Antonine Itinerary, which later took the Anglo-Saxons name Watling Street. This was based on an earlier Celts route from Verlamion to Durovernum Cantiacorum, modern day St Albans and Canterbury.

Running roughly north-west to south-east, it forms the boundary between the London boroughs of London Borough of Camden to the east and London Borough of Brent to the west. It is the section of the Edgware Road (itself part of the A5 road (Great Britain)) between Shoot Up Hill and Maida Vale.

There are three railway stations on Kilburn High Road: Kilburn tube station (Jubilee Line) at its northern end and a little to the south Brondesbury railway station (London Overground on the North London Line). Approximately 1.25 km (nearly a mile) further south is Kilburn High Road railway station (also London Overground, on the Watford DC Line). Kilburn Park tube station, on the Bakerloo Line, lies a little west of the southern end of the High Road.

The green space of Kilburn Grange Park is located to the east side of Kilburn High Road.

The name of Ian Dury's first band, Kilburn & the High Roads, refers to this road, as does the Flogging Molly song, "Kilburn High Road" and the Shack (band) song, "Kilburn High Road".

Gaumont State Cinema


A landmark in Kilburn High Road is the Grade II* listed Art Deco Gaumont State Cinema, designed by George Coles (architect) and opened in 1937. It was the biggest auditorium in Europe at the time, with seating for 4,004 people. For twenty years, the building was run as a bingo hall by The Rank Group. At present it is used by an Evangelical church, Rauch Ministries.

The Tricycle Theatre
In 1980 the Tricycle Theatre was opened in a converted Forester's Hall on Kilburn High Road north of Buckley Road. The Tricycle is a renowned arts centre, now including a gallery, cinema and theatre. It has a particular reputation for political dramas including dramatisations of significant court cases and a play about the US detention centre at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, Cuba, which subsequently transferred to the West End theatre and to New York City. Reflecting the culturally diverse local community of Kilburn - and in order to qualify for an Arts Council subsidy - the Tricycle theatre presents many international pieces and films, often in original language with English subtitles, and hosts or runs social and educational programmes.

Other buildings
To the south, the Kilburn skyline is dominated by the gothic revival spire of St. Augustine's, Kilburn. Completed in 1880 by the architect John Loughborough Pearson, the church has an ornate Victorian interior, a carved stone reredos and screen and stained glass, adjacent to its partners, St Augustine's Primary and St Augustine's Church of England High School. The church is sometimes nicknamed "the Cathedral of North London" due to its size{{cite web
|url = http://www.saint-augustine.org.uk/
|title = Saint Augustine’s Kilburn
|accessdate = 2007-11-11
}}
- at the time of construction, it was the third-largest place of worship in London, after St Paul's Cathedral and Westminster Abbey.
Kilburn is also home to Zog House, the revolutionary split-level eco home. It is located on Donaldson Road and was designed and developed by Solidspace.

Located at 10 Cambridge Avenue, just off the Kilburn High Road, you will find the "The Animals WW1 memorial dispensary". The building itself dates back to the early 1930s. Formally opened in March 1931, it treated over 6,000 animals in its first year. The front of the building has a large bronze plaque above the door as a memorial to animals killed in the first world war. It's an impressive piece of bronze sculpture by F Brook Hitch of Hertford. Next door at 12-14 Cambridge Avenue, is one of the only surviving London examples of a "Tin Tabernacle" from 1863, which is currently used by a local Arts charity. This very unusual building is grade 2 listed and is open to the public on Saturdays. Kilburn is an area of north-west London, England, which is divided between three London Boroughs: most of Kilburn is in London Borough of Brent or London Borough of Camden, but a small part is in City of Westminster. The main thoroughfare running northwest-southeast is Kilburn High Road, part of the modern A5 road (Great Britain) which forms the boundary between the boroughs of Brent and Camden. The road dates back to pre-Roman times and is part of the Roman roads in Britain known as Watling Street. The town of Kilburn has its origins in a 12th-century priory on the banks of the Kilburn Brook. Kilburn today is a busy and multicultural London district. It has the highest Irish population of any London area, as well as a large British Afro-Caribbean community population. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

Location in context

{{Geographic location
|title = '''Neighbouring areas of London'''
|Northwest = Willesden
|North = Cricklewood
|Northeast = Fortune Green
|West = Queen's Park, London
|Centre = Kilburn
|East = West Hampstead
|Southwest = Maida Hill
|South = Maida Vale
|Southeast = St John's Wood
}} Kilburn is an area of north-west London, England, which is divided between three London Boroughs: most of Kilburn is in London Borough of Brent or London Borough of Camden, but a small part is in City of Westminster. The main thoroughfare running northwest-southeast is Kilburn High Road, part of the modern A5 road (Great Britain) which forms the boundary between the boroughs of Brent and Camden. The road dates back to pre-Roman times and is part of the Roman roads in Britain known as Watling Street. The town of Kilburn has its origins in a 12th-century priory on the banks of the Kilburn Brook. Kilburn today is a busy and multicultural London district. It has the highest Irish population of any London area, as well as a large British Afro-Caribbean community population. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

Transport

Tube/Train
Kilburn High Road is served by several railway lines which traverse the road in an east-west direction, connecting the area with central London and outer north-west London suburbs. The railways were first introduced to Kilburn in 1852 when the LNWR opened Kilburn & Maida Vale station (today's Kilburn High Road railway station), followed by two stations opened in the Brondesbury area of Kilburn by the Hampstead Junction Railway (1860) and the Metropolitan Railway (1879). Numerous plans were drawn up at the turn of the 20th century to construct an Edgware Road Tube schemes, including an unusual scheme to build a type of subterranean monorail roller coaster, but these proposals were abandoned. Today, Kilburn is served by London Underground and London Overground from the following stations:

* Kilburn tube station (London Underground - Jubilee line)
* Kilburn Park tube station (London Underground - Bakerloo line)
* Brondesbury railway station (London Overground - North London line)
* Kilburn High Road railway station (London Overground - Watford DC line)

Bus
Kilburn is served by many bus routes that go along the High Road. Most routes come south from Cricklewood, and serve various points in central and west London. Kilburn is an area of north-west London, England, which is divided between three London Boroughs: most of Kilburn is in London Borough of Brent or London Borough of Camden, but a small part is in City of Westminster. The main thoroughfare running northwest-southeast is Kilburn High Road, part of the modern A5 road (Great Britain) which forms the boundary between the boroughs of Brent and Camden. The road dates back to pre-Roman times and is part of the Roman roads in Britain known as Watling Street. The town of Kilburn has its origins in a 12th-century priory on the banks of the Kilburn Brook. Kilburn today is a busy and multicultural London district. It has the highest Irish population of any London area, as well as a large British Afro-Caribbean community population. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

Sport

*Kilburn is the home of Kilburn Gaels Hurling Club.
*Kilburn is also home to Kilburn Cosmos RFC, one of the few rugby clubs in inner London.
*South Kilburn F.C. play in the Combined Counties League.
* Kilburn Football Club play in the Middlesex County League, and hold regular training sessions in Grange Park.
*One of the 12 founder members of the Football Association was formed in Kilburn in 1863. It was referred to as the N.N. Club or N.N. Kilburn, "N.N." being thought to stand for "Non Name". It supplied the first president of the Football Association. Kilburn is an area of north-west London, England, which is divided between three London Boroughs: most of Kilburn is in London Borough of Brent or London Borough of Camden, but a small part is in City of Westminster. The main thoroughfare running northwest-southeast is Kilburn High Road, part of the modern A5 road (Great Britain) which forms the boundary between the boroughs of Brent and Camden. The road dates back to pre-Roman times and is part of the Roman roads in Britain known as Watling Street. The town of Kilburn has its origins in a 12th-century priory on the banks of the Kilburn Brook. Kilburn today is a busy and multicultural London district. It has the highest Irish population of any London area, as well as a large British Afro-Caribbean community population. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

Notable residents

Notable people who live or have lived in Kilburn include:

*Oni Akerele
*Lily Allen
*Gerry Anderson
*Simon Bird
*Roderick Bradley
*Thomas Canty (illustrator)
*Todd Carty
*Edwyn Collins
*Rupert Degas
*Brian Eno
*Matt Lucas
*Annie Mac
*A. A. Milne
*David Mitchell (comedian)
*Kate Moss
*Gavin Rossdale
*Zadie Smith
*Doc Brown (rapper)
*Tommy Sparks
*Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp born there 1880
*Robert Webb (actor)
*Bradley Wiggins
*David Winner (author)

*Mark Savage (Actor) Kilburn is an area of north-west London, England, which is divided between three London Boroughs: most of Kilburn is in London Borough of Brent or London Borough of Camden, but a small part is in City of Westminster. The main thoroughfare running northwest-southeast is Kilburn High Road, part of the modern A5 road (Great Britain) which forms the boundary between the boroughs of Brent and Camden. The road dates back to pre-Roman times and is part of the Roman roads in Britain known as Watling Street. The town of Kilburn has its origins in a 12th-century priory on the banks of the Kilburn Brook. Kilburn today is a busy and multicultural London district. It has the highest Irish population of any London area, as well as a large British Afro-Caribbean community population. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

References

Kilburn is an area of north-west London, England, which is divided between three London Boroughs: most of Kilburn is in London Borough of Brent or London Borough of Camden, but a small part is in City of Westminster. The main thoroughfare running northwest-southeast is Kilburn High Road, part of the modern A5 road (Great Britain) which forms the boundary between the boroughs of Brent and Camden. The road dates back to pre-Roman times and is part of the Roman roads in Britain known as Watling Street. The town of Kilburn has its origins in a 12th-century priory on the banks of the Kilburn Brook. Kilburn today is a busy and multicultural London district. It has the highest Irish population of any London area, as well as a large British Afro-Caribbean community population. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

External links

* [http://www.brent.gov.uk/tourism.nsf/0/dc5523182de4c5c180256c3600553450?OpenDocument Tourist information]
* [http://www.arthurlloyd.co.uk/KilburnTheatres.htm History of Kilburn's Theatres]




Category:Districts of Brent
Category:Districts of Camden
Category:Areas of London
Category:Irish diaspora in the United Kingdom
Category:Major centres of London