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Mortlake

Mortlake

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Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a Mortlake Tapestry Works. A London landmark, the Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake. The Waterloo to Reading Line runs through Mortlake, which has a pedestrianised riverside, two riverside pubs and a village green. The Boat Race finishes at Mortlake every April.

Governance

The Mortlake and Barnes Common ward of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames has proved highly marginal seat. In the London local elections, 2010 local Liberal Democrats lost all three seats to local Conservative Party (UK) to form an administration on the Council. Richmond Park (UK Parliament constituency), the constituency which includes Mortlake, also changed from Liberal Democrat to Conservative in the United Kingdom general election, 2010. The London Assembly constituency South West (London Assembly constituency), which includes Mortlake, includes among its representatives Tony Arbour (Con). Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a Mortlake Tapestry Works. A London landmark, the Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake. The Waterloo to Reading Line runs through Mortlake, which has a pedestrianised riverside, two riverside pubs and a village green. The Boat Race finishes at Mortlake every April.

Etymology

The name ''Mortlake'' may be derived from ''mortuus lacus'', Latin for "dead lake". In ''Domesday Book'' (1086) it is referred to as ''Mortlage'', which in the Saxon language signifies a compulsive law. Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a Mortlake Tapestry Works. A London landmark, the Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake. The Waterloo to Reading Line runs through Mortlake, which has a pedestrianised riverside, two riverside pubs and a village green. The Boat Race finishes at Mortlake every April.

History

, Buckinghamshire.]]
Mortlake lay in the hundred (county subdivision) of Brixton all of which faded into obscurity.

According to the ''Domesday Book'' of 1086 the manor and parish of Mortlage was held by Lanfranc when its assets were: 25 hide (unit)s; 1 church, 2 Mill (grinding)s worth £5, 1 fishery, 33 ploughs, of meadow, wood worth 55 hog (swine)s. It rendered a large £38 plus 4shilling (British coin) 4d from 17 houses in London, 2s 3d from houses in Southwark and £1 from tolls at Putney per year to its feudal system overlords. The manor belonged to the Archbishop of Canterbury until the time of Henry VIII of England, when it passed by exchange to the Crown. From the early part of the 17th century until after the English Civil War, Mortlake was celebrated for the manufacture of tapestry, founded during the reign of James VI and I at the Mortlake Tapestry Works.

Colston House's forebear was built by Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex then acquired by Edward Colston, major benefactor and investor to the port city of Bristol. This was pulled down in 1860. John Barber, Lord Mayor in 1733, a suspected Jacobite opposed to the 'Georgian' House of Hanover but M.P. for the City of London (UK Parliament constituency) on the strength of his opposition to Robert Walpole's protectionist excise scheme was buried in Mortlake, 1741. He had given land to extend the churchyard. Sir Henry Taylor (dramatist), Order of St Michael and St George, the dramatic poet lived here the following century.

Sir John Barnard (British politician), Lord Mayor of London in the year 1737 and M.P. used public addresses and private campaigns to outstanding effect in supporting the government against the Jacobite movement in 1745.

Since 1845, the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race has had its finish point at Mortlake, marked by the University Boat Race Stones just downstream of Chiswick Bridge. Several other important sport rowing races over the The Championship Course also either start or finish at the stone. The first National School in Mortlake was built providing compulsory education at primary level in 1869, followed by and infants school in 1890 and county level, into secondary level school in 1906.




Mortlake's relatively small bus garage in Avondale Road, was closed in 1983. Much of the site was rebuilt as housing but a small area near the railway was retained as a turning point for buses, with toilets and a small office. Mortlake garage had opened very early in the 20th century and originally catered for Horse-drawn vehicle. In later years the stables were converted into the traffic office.

People

Mortlake's most famous former resident is John Dee (mathematician) (1527 – 1608 or 1609), mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, alchemist and adviser to Queen Elizabeth I, who lived at Mortlake from 1565 to 1595 except for the six years between 1583 and 1589 when he was travelling in Europe. His house no longer exists but it became the Mortlake Tapestry Works and at the end of the 18th century was a girls' school.

The cemetery of St Mary Magdalen’s Roman Catholic Church Mortlake contains the tomb of Richard Francis Burton. Former British Prime Minister Henry Addington who, as Lord Sidmouth, was Ranger of Richmond Park, and after whom the park's Sidmouth Plantation is named, is buried at St Mary the Virgin Mortlake.[http://www.napoleon-empire.com/iconography/tombe_addington-tombs.php?dansletitre=Tomb%20of%20Henry%20Addington]Burton's Mausoleum Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a Mortlake Tapestry Works. A London landmark, the Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake. The Waterloo to Reading Line runs through Mortlake, which has a pedestrianised riverside, two riverside pubs and a village green. The Boat Race finishes at Mortlake every April.

Economy

The town is mostly residential commuter town with a strong history of self-employed trades as it has traditionally centred its commerce on its foreshortened boundary, the Upper Richmond Road, arguably half part of East Sheen. Some businesses on the north side of the Upper Richmond Road make reference to the old ecclesiastical and ward boundaries supported by their still Mortlake side streets.[http://www.allinlondon.co.uk/directory/1086/39308.php Memories of Mortlake] Retrieved 2013-12-21 East Sheen was once a manor in the parish of Mortlake and since early times an economic forum, and now a dining and convenience hub of the two districts. The Victoria County History written 1910 to 1912 says on this topic refuses to list East Sheen as a parish, describes its detailed history under Mortlake and states the parish was "now connected with Barnes on one side and with New Richmond on the other".Mills, A., ''Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names'' (2001) With the advent of motor transport Mortlake's winding high street also known as the Lower Mortlake Road has been of brewery and residential use.

Stag Brewery or Mortlake Brewery

, built in 1720 and, from 1895 until 1940, the seat of local government for the Municipal Borough of Barnes (which was abolished in 1965)]]

In the 1840s Charles James Philips and James Wigan acquired Mortlake Brewery, which had existed since the fifteenth century.Richmond L. and Turton A. (eds.),''The Brewing Industry: A Guide to Historical Records'', 1990, p.263

In 1889 the brewery was acquired by James Watney & Co., which in 1898 became Watney Combe & Reid after acquiring Messrs. Combe Delafield and Co. and Messrs. Reid and Co. When Watney's Stag Brewery in Victoria, London, was demolished in 1959, the name became officially applied to Mortlake Brewery. Being the last phase of The Boat Race which refers to all the traditional local names, it is still widely referred to as the Mortlake Brewery.

The brewery became part of Scottish & Newcastle, and is now leased to Anheuser-Busch#International breweries and produces Budweiser (Anheuser-Busch) pale lager. On 6 January 2009, InBev Anheuser-Busch said that the company was proposing to close the Stag Brewery in 2010 as a result of a merger between InBev and Anheuser-Busch,[http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/consumer_goods/article5460214.ece Times Online: Stag Brewery to close with loss of 180 jobs] although this has since been postponed until at least 2014. The closure could lead to the loss of 180 full-time equivalent (FTE) jobs at the brewery. Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a Mortlake Tapestry Works. A London landmark, the Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake. The Waterloo to Reading Line runs through Mortlake, which has a pedestrianised riverside, two riverside pubs and a village green. The Boat Race finishes at Mortlake every April.

Amenities

Mortlake affords an undistracted view of the river as its riverside promenade is set by its buildings including the brewery, unlike the embankment style roads along other London banks such as in Barnes until Barnes Bridge.

The two large pubs at either end of the 'riverside prom' are not listed buildings:
*''The White Hart''
*''The Ship'' Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a Mortlake Tapestry Works. A London landmark, the Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake. The Waterloo to Reading Line runs through Mortlake, which has a pedestrianised riverside, two riverside pubs and a village green. The Boat Race finishes at Mortlake every April.

Education

Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a Mortlake Tapestry Works. A London landmark, the Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake. The Waterloo to Reading Line runs through Mortlake, which has a pedestrianised riverside, two riverside pubs and a village green. The Boat Race finishes at Mortlake every April.

Places of worship

*St Mary Magdalen’s Roman Catholic Church Mortlake
*St Mary the Virgin Mortlake ''(Anglican)'' Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a Mortlake Tapestry Works. A London landmark, the Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake. The Waterloo to Reading Line runs through Mortlake, which has a pedestrianised riverside, two riverside pubs and a village green. The Boat Race finishes at Mortlake every April.

Transport

Adjoining districts
* Barnes, London
* Chiswick (Grove Park after which is Old Chiswick or Strand-on-the-Green, depending on direction)
* East Sheen
* Kew

Nearest railway stations
* Mortlake railway station
* North Sheen railway station
These are minor stops on the Waterloo to Reading Line which has three branch lines, to Windsor, Berkshire, to Weybridge and back to the London terminus via Kingston upon Thames.

This railway is a narrow bisector of the settlement, being generally on the flat with its streets, which tend to run perpendicular to it. Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a Mortlake Tapestry Works. A London landmark, the Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake. The Waterloo to Reading Line runs through Mortlake, which has a pedestrianised riverside, two riverside pubs and a village green. The Boat Race finishes at Mortlake every April.

Demography and housing

To give an equal councillor number and electorate, the wards of the United Kingdom here takes back from the Middle Ages eastern parts since before the Tudor period considered part of Barnes.

{| border=yes
|+ '''2011 Census homes'''
|-
!Ward !!Detached !!Semi-detached!!Terraced!!Flats and apartments!!Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats!!Shared between households
|-
|Mortlake and Barnes Common|| 167 || 547 || 1,765 || 2,453 || 1 || 8
|-
|}
{| border=yes
|+ '''2011 Census households'''
!Ward !!Population !!Households !!% Owned outright !!% Owned with a loan!!hectares
|-
|Mortlake and Barnes Common||10,919 || 4,771 || 27 || 32 || 185
|-
|} Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a Mortlake Tapestry Works. A London landmark, the Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake. The Waterloo to Reading Line runs through Mortlake, which has a pedestrianised riverside, two riverside pubs and a village green. The Boat Race finishes at Mortlake every April.

References

Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes, London. Historically it was part of Surrey and until 1965 was in the Municipal Borough of Barnes. For many centuries it had village status and extended far to the south, to include East Sheen and part of what is now Richmond Park. Its Stuart and Georgian history was economically one of malting, brewing, farming, watermen and a Mortlake Tapestry Works. A London landmark, the Mortlake Brewery or Stag Brewery, is on the edge of Mortlake. The Waterloo to Reading Line runs through Mortlake, which has a pedestrianised riverside, two riverside pubs and a village green. The Boat Race finishes at Mortlake every April.

External links

* [http://www.barnes-history.org.uk/ Barnes and Mortlake History Society]
* [http://www.mortlakecommunityassociation.org.uk/ Mortlake Community Association]
* [http://www.mortlake-online.co.uk/ Mortlake Online]
* [http://www.stmarymags.org.uk/ St Mary Magdalen's Church]



Category:Areas of London
Category:Districts of Richmond upon Thames
Category:Districts of London on the River Thames
Category:Districts of London listed in the Domesday Book
Category:Mortlake, London