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Nine Elms is a district of London, situated in the far north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Wandsworth between Battersea and Vauxhall. It is primarily an industrial area, dominated by Battersea Power Station, railway lines, a major Royal Mail sorting office and the New Covent Garden Market. Also in the area is the Battersea Dogs and Cats Home. Nine Elms has some residential developments along the riverside, the most recent of which is Chelsea Bridge Wharf, and also three large council estates: Carey Gardens, The Patmore and The Savona.

History

Nine Elms Lane was named around 1645, from a row of trees bordering the road. In 1838, at the time of construction of the London and Southampton Railway, the area was described as "a low swampy district occasionally overflowed by the Thames [whose] osier beds, pollards and windmille and the river give it a Dutch effect.…"

Nine Elms railway station opened on 21 May 1838 as the first London terminus of the London and South Western Railway, which that day changed its name from the London and Southampton Railway. The neo-classical building was designed by Sir William Tite. The station was connected to points between Vauxhall and London Bridge by Thames steam boats. It closed in 1848 when the railway was extended to a new terminus at London Waterloo station (then called Waterloo Bridge Station). The redundant station and the adjacent area, to the north of the new mainline, became the London and South Western Railway's carriage and wagon works and main Nine Elms Locomotive Works until their relocation to Eastleigh Works in 1909. The company's largest locomotive depot was located on the south side of the main line. The buildings were damaged by bombs in World War II, and closed in 1967. They were demolished in 1968 and replaced by the flower section of the New Covent Garden Market.[http://www.scienceandsociety.co.uk/results.asp?image=10301565&wwwflag=2&imagepos=4 Nine Elms Station, image and information at Science and Society] accessed 07 Mar 2007

Gasworks were established in 1853, close to the existing waterworks of the Southwark and Vauxhall Waterworks Company. Later Battersea Power Station was built on the site.

Vauxhall Motors was formed in 1857 by Scottish engineer Alexander Wilson at Nine Elms, originally as Alex Wilson and Company, before moving to Luton in 1907. There is a plaque commemorating the site of the original factory at the Sainsbury's Nine Elms petrol station on A3036 road. Nine Elms is a district of London, situated in the far north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Wandsworth between Battersea and Vauxhall. It is primarily an industrial area, dominated by Battersea Power Station, railway lines, a major Royal Mail sorting office and the New Covent Garden Market. Also in the area is the Battersea Dogs and Cats Home. Nine Elms has some residential developments along the riverside, the most recent of which is Chelsea Bridge Wharf, and also three large council estates: Carey Gardens, The Patmore and The Savona.

Future

On 30 November 2006, it was announced that Real Estate Opportunities, led by Irish businessmen Richard Barrett and Johnny Ronan of Treasury Holdings, had purchased Battersea Power Station and the surrounding land for €532 million (£400 million). REO subsequently announced that the previous plan by Parkview had been dropped and that it had appointed the practice of the Uruguayan-born architect Rafael Viñoly, of New York, as the new master planner for the site.

New £4 billion plans were announced in 2008. They include reusing part of the old power station building as a new power station, fuelled by biomass and Waste to energy. The station's existing chimneys would be utilised for venting steam. The former turbine halls would be converted to shopping spaces, and the roofless boiler house used as a park.


A plastic built "eco-dome" is also to be built to the east of the power station.{{cite web
| url = http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/jun/20/art.architecture
| title = Latest plans for Battersea power station revealed
| accessdate = 11 March 2009
| last = Booth
| first = Robert
| date = 20 June 2008
| publisher = The Guardian
}} This building was originally planned to have a large chimney, but this has now been abandoned in favour of a series of smaller towers. The eco-dome would house offices, and aim to reduce energy consumption in the buildings by 67% compared to conventional office buildings, by using the towers to draw cool air through the building. 3,200 new homes would also be built on the site to house 7,000 people.

An essential part of the regeneration is an extension of the London Underground to service the area. The Northern line extension to Battersea would branch from the Northern Line at Kennington and travel west to Nine Elms and Battersea.

In June 2008 a consultation process was launched, which revealed that 66% of the general public were in favour of the plans. At an event at the station on 23 March 2009, it was announced that REO were to submit the planning application for their proposal to Wandsworth Council.{{cite web
| url = http://www.cnplus.co.uk/news/battersea-power-station-regeneration-to-go-to-planning/1995789.article
| title = Battersea Power Station regeneration to go to planning
| accessdate = 24 March 2009
| last = Whitten
| first = Nick
| date = 24 March 2009
}} The Council gave planning consent on 11 November 2010.{{cite web
| url = http://www.propertyweek.com/news/news-by-region/london/reos-battersea-power-station-granted-consent-by-wandsworth/5008973.article
| title = REO's Battersea Power Station granted consent by Wandsworth
| first = David
| last = Hatcher
| date = 12 November 2010
| work = www.propertyweek.com
| accessdate = 28 January 2011
}} REO hoped for construction to begin in 2011, but this has now been delayed to 2012.http://www.officespacefinders.com/serviced/new-battersea-power-station-plans-include-office-space-4250 The station structure itself is expected to be repaired and secure by 2016, with completion of the whole project by 2020. Plans now include the construction of 3,400 apartments and of office space. Approximately 28,000 inhabitants and 25,000 workers are expected to occupy the space once complete.{{cite web
| url = http://news.searchofficespace.com/sos-news/what-will-become-of-battersea-power-station.html
| title = What will become of Battersea Power Station?
| first = Clare
| last = Hudson
| date = 30 March 2011
| accessdate = 30 March 2011
}}

In October 2008 it was announced that the Embassy of the United States in London would relocate to the area, moving from its current location in Grosvenor Square, Mayfair.[http://www.usembassy.org.uk/ukpapress84.html Embassy of the U.S. London: Public Affairs Section: Press Release] accessed 02 Oct 2008 The Embassy of the Netherlands in London also announced in April 2013 that it was relocating to the area from its current location in Hyde Park Gate, Kensington.[http://www.nineelmslondon.com/news/dutch-embassy-coming-to-nine-elms Nine Elms website: Dutch Embassy Coming To Nine Elms] accessed 23 August 2013 The Embassy of the People's Republic of China, London is also rumoured to be relocating to the area. Nine Elms is a district of London, situated in the far north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Wandsworth between Battersea and Vauxhall. It is primarily an industrial area, dominated by Battersea Power Station, railway lines, a major Royal Mail sorting office and the New Covent Garden Market. Also in the area is the Battersea Dogs and Cats Home. Nine Elms has some residential developments along the riverside, the most recent of which is Chelsea Bridge Wharf, and also three large council estates: Carey Gardens, The Patmore and The Savona.

See also

*''The Optimists of Nine Elms'' (1974 film, starring Peter Sellers) Nine Elms is a district of London, situated in the far north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Wandsworth between Battersea and Vauxhall. It is primarily an industrial area, dominated by Battersea Power Station, railway lines, a major Royal Mail sorting office and the New Covent Garden Market. Also in the area is the Battersea Dogs and Cats Home. Nine Elms has some residential developments along the riverside, the most recent of which is Chelsea Bridge Wharf, and also three large council estates: Carey Gardens, The Patmore and The Savona.

References

Nine Elms is a district of London, situated in the far north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Wandsworth between Battersea and Vauxhall. It is primarily an industrial area, dominated by Battersea Power Station, railway lines, a major Royal Mail sorting office and the New Covent Garden Market. Also in the area is the Battersea Dogs and Cats Home. Nine Elms has some residential developments along the riverside, the most recent of which is Chelsea Bridge Wharf, and also three large council estates: Carey Gardens, The Patmore and The Savona.

External links

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Category:Areas of London
Category:Districts of Wandsworth
Category:Districts of London on the River Thames