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Whitechapel escorts

Whitechapel is a district within East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is located east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by the Bishopsgate thoroughfare on the west, Fashion Street on the north, Brady Street and Cavell Street on the east and The Highway on the south. It has been for a long time a poor and working-class neighborhood perhaps best known for being the location of the infamous Jack the Ripper murders in the late 1880s. The murderer was never identified, although rumours suggest over 100 names. Today, its residents are of varied ethnic origin, primarily British Bangladeshi.

History

Whitechapel's heart is Whitechapel High Street, extending further east as Whitechapel Road, named after a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary. The church's earliest known rector was Hugh de Fulbourne in 1329. Around 1338, it became the parish church of Whitechapel, called, for unknown reasons, St Mary Matfelon. The church was destroyed through enemy action in World War II and its location and graveyard is now a Altab Ali Park on the south side of the road.Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert (eds) (1983) "Whitechapel" in ''The London Encyclopaedia'': 955-6Andrew Davies (1990)''The East End Nobody Knows'': 15–16

Whitechapel High Street and Whitechapel Road are now part of the A11 road (Great Britain), anciently the initial part of the Roman road between the City of London and Colchester, exiting the city at Aldgate.[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=22732 'Stepney: Communications', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 11: Stepney, Bethnal Green (1998), pp. 7–13] accessed: 9 March 2007 In later times, travellers to and from London on this route were accommodated at the many coaching inns which lined Whitechapel High Street.

By the late 16th century, the suburb of Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming 'the other half' of London. Located east of Aldgate, outside the London Wall and beyond official controls, it attracted the less fragrant activities of the city, particularly tanneries, breweries, foundries (including the Whitechapel Bell Foundry which later cast Philadelphia's Liberty Bell and London's Clock Tower, Palace of Westminster) and slaughterhouses.

In 1680, the Rector of Whitechapel, the Rev. Ralph Davenant, of the parish of St. Mary Matfellon, bequeathed a legacy for the education of forty boys and thirty girls of the parish – the Davenant Centre is still in existence although the Davenant Foundation School moved from Whitechapel to Loughton in 1966.

Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 17th century to the mid-19th century resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them.

In 1797, the body of the sailor Richard Parker (sailor), hanged for his leading role in the Spithead and Nore mutinies, was given a Christian burial at Whitechapel after his wife exhumed it from the unconsecrated burial ground to which it was originally consigned. Crowds gathered to see the body before it was buried.

By the 1840s, Whitechapel, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Aldgate, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Limehouse, Bow, London, Bromley-by-Bow, Poplar, London, Shadwell and Stepney (collectively known today as "the East End of London"), had evolved, or devolved, into classic ''"Dickensian"'' London, with problems of poverty and overcrowding. Whitechapel Road itself was not particularly squalid through most of this period—it was the warrens of small dark streets branching from it that contained the greatest suffering, filth and danger, such as Dorset Street, London (now a private alley but once described as "the worst street in London"[http://www.casebook.org/victorian_london/the-worst-street-in-london.html ''Ripper Casebook: 1901 The Worst Street in London''] accessed 5 May 2007), Thrawl Street, Berners Street (renamed Henriques Street), Wentworth Street and others.

William Booth began his ''Christian Revival Society'', preaching the gospel in a tent, erected in the ''Friends Burial Ground'', Thomas Street, Whitechapel, in 1865. Others joined his ''Christian Mission'', and on 7 August 1878 the Salvation Army was formed at a meeting held at 272 Whitechapel Road.[http://www1.salvationarmy.org/heritage.nsf/titles/1878_Foundation_Deed_Of_The_Salvation_Army 1878 Foundation Deed Of The Salvation Army] accessed 15 February 2007 A statue commemorates both his mission and his work in helping the poor.

's poverty map showing Commercial Road in Whitechapel 1889. The red areas are "well-to-do" and black areas are the "lowest class...occasional labourers, street sellers, loafers, criminals and semi-criminals".]]


In the Victorian era the basal population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over, particularly Irish and Jewish. Writing of the period 1883–1884, Yiddish theatre actor Jacob Pavlovich Adler wrote, "The further we penetrated into this Whitechapel, the more our hearts sank. Was this London? Never in Russia, never later in the worst slums of New York, were we to see such poverty as in the London of the 1880s."Jacob Adler, ''A Life on the Stage: A Memoir'', translated and with commentary by Lulla Rosenfeld, Knopf, New York, 1999, ISBN 067941351. p. 232–233 This endemic poverty drove many women to prostitution. In October 1888 the Metropolitan Police estimated that there were 1,200 prostitutes "of very low class" resident in Whitechapel and about 62 brothels.Donald Rumbelow (2004) ''The Complete Jack the Ripper'': 12. Penguin Reference is specifically made to them in Charles Booth (philanthropist)'s ''Life and Labour of the People of London'', specially to dwellings called Blackwall Buildings belonging to Blackwall Railway. Such prostitutes were numbered amongst the eleven The Whitechapel Murders (1888-91), some of which were committed by the legendary serial killer known as 'Jack the Ripper'. These attacks caused widespread terror in the district and throughout the country and drew the attention of social reformers to the squalor and vice of the area, even though these crimes remain unsolved today.Nicholas Connell (2005) ''Walter Dew: The Man Who Caught Crippen'': 7–55


In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book ''How the Other Half Lives'', donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in ''The People of the Abyss''. Riis had recently documented the astoundingly bad conditions in large swaths of the leading city of the United States. London, a socialist, thought it worthwhile to explore conditions in the leading city of the nation that had invented modern capitalism. He concluded that English poverty was far rougher than the American variety. The juxtaposition of the poverty, homelessness, exploitive work conditions, prostitution, and infant mortality of Whitechapel and other East End locales with some of the greatest personal wealth the world has ever seen made it a focal point for leftist reformers and revolutionaries of all kinds, from George Bernard Shaw, whose Fabian Society met regularly in Whitechapel, to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who boarded and led rallies in Whitechapel during his exile from Russia. The area is still home to Freedom Press, the anarchist publishing house founded by Charlotte Wilson.

The "Elephant Man", Joseph Carey Merrick (1862–1890) became well known in Whitechapel — he was exhibited in a shop on the Whitechapel Road before being helped by Sir Frederick Treves, 1st Baronet (1853–1923) at the Royal London Hospital, opposite the actual shop. There is a museum in the hospital about his life.

Whitechapel remained poor (and colourful) through the first half of the 20th century, though somewhat less desperately so. It suffered great damage in the Blitz and from the Nazi Germany V-weapons attacks of World War II. Since then, Whitechapel has lost most of its notoriety. Whitechapel is a district within East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is located east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by the Bishopsgate thoroughfare on the west, Fashion Street on the north, Brady Street and Cavell Street on the east and The Highway on the south. It has been for a long time a poor and working-class neighborhood perhaps best known for being the location of the infamous Jack the Ripper murders in the late 1880s. The murderer was never identified, although rumours suggest over 100 names. Today, its residents are of varied ethnic origin, primarily British Bangladeshi.

Culture

Whitechapel Road was the location of two 19th century theatres: 'The Effingham' (1834–1897) and 'The Pavilion' (1828–1935; building demolished in 1962). Charles Dickens, Jr. (eldest child of Charles Dickens), in his 1879 book ''Dickens's Dictionary of London'', described the Pavilion this way: "A large East-end theatre capable of holding considerably over 3,000 persons. Melodrama of a rough type, farce, pantomime, et cetera"
In the early 20th century it became the home of Yiddish theatre, catering to the large Jewish population of the area, and gave birth to the Anglo-Jewish 'Whitechapel Boys' avant-garde literary and artistic movement.

Since at least the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the area's most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, visibility and support. From 2005 the gallery underwent a major expansion, with the support of £3.26 million from the Heritage Lottery Fund. The expanded facility opened in 2009.

Whitechapel in the early 21st century has figured prominently in London's punk rock/skuzz rock scene, with the main focal point for this scene being Whitechapel Factory and Rhythm Factory bar/restaurant/nightclub. This scene includes the likes of The Libertines, Zap!, Nova (band), The Others (band), Razorlight, and The Rakes, all of whom have had some commercial success in the music charts.

Home to centres such as London Action Resource Centre and rampART, Whitechapel is seen by many as a cultural hub for community based political activism particularly of an anti-authoritarian, anti-war trend. The anarchist publishing house Freedom Press is nearby in Aldgate and one of the London chapters of Food Not Bombs serves regular meals in Altab Ali Park on Whitechapel High Street. Whitechapel Anarchist Group has also recently been formed and circulates a local freesheet called W.A.G.

In the past Whitechapel has been home to such individuals as Rudolf Rocker (1873–1958), anarcho-syndicalist writer, historian and prominent activist who active in the area from 1895 to 1918. Charles Lahr (1885–1971), anarchist bookseller/publisher and secretary of Whitechapel branch of the Industrial Union of Direct Actionists (IUDA), was also a prominent figure resident in the area. Such individuals in history have helped form the culture of enthusiasm in political alternatives that is enjoyed in the community today.


The British Bangladeshi are the most visible migrant group today, who make up 52% of the Whitechapel ward total population.[http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6103115&c=Whitechapel&d=14&e=13&g=346984&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1240588558950&enc=1&dsFamilyId=47 Ethnic group – Whitechapel (Ward)] Neighbourhood Statistics (Office for National Statistics). April 2002. Retrieved on 24 April 2009. The East London Mosque at the end of Whitechapel Road is a major symbol of the resident Islamic community. The mosque group was established as early as 1910, and the demand for a mosque grew as the Sylheti community grew rapidly over the years. In 1985 this large, purpose built mosque with a dome and minaret was built in the heart of Whitechapel, attracting thousands of worshippers every week, and it was further expanded with the London Muslim Centre in 2004.[http://www.eastlondonmosque.org.uk/?page=history History of East London Mosque] East London Mosque & London Muslim Centre. Retrieved on 24 April 2009. The Altab Ali Park near Adler Street was formerly a church site but was destroyed during the Blitz. It was renamed to 'Altab Ali Park' in memory of a Bangladeshi clothing worker who was the victim of a racially motivated murder on 4 May 1978, and of other victims of racist attacks during the 1970s.[http://www.london-footprints.co.uk/wkaldgateroute.htm London Footprints][http://www.worldwrite.org.uk/londonbehindthescenes/bricklane/altabalipark.html Brick Lane Tour]

A library, the Whitechapel Idea Store, constructed in 2005 at a cost of £12 million by William Verry to a design by David Adjaye, was nominated for the 2006 Stirling Prize.[http://www.ajplus.co.uk/b_bank/search_results_details/?report_ID=7048 Architects Journal] [http://www.ideastore.co.uk/ Idea Store website] Whitechapel is a district within East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is located east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by the Bishopsgate thoroughfare on the west, Fashion Street on the north, Brady Street and Cavell Street on the east and The Highway on the south. It has been for a long time a poor and working-class neighborhood perhaps best known for being the location of the infamous Jack the Ripper murders in the late 1880s. The murderer was never identified, although rumours suggest over 100 names. Today, its residents are of varied ethnic origin, primarily British Bangladeshi.

In literature

Whitechapel features in Charles Dickens's ''Pickwick Papers'' (chapter 22) as the location of the Bull Inn, where the Pickwickians take a coach to Ipswich. En route, driving along Whitechapel Road, Sam Weller (fictional character) opines that it is "not a wery nice neighbourhood" and notes the correlation between poverty and the abundance of oyster stalls here. One of Fagin's dens in Dickens's ''Oliver Twist'' was located in Whitechapel and Fagin, himself, was possibly based on a notorious local fence (criminal) named Ikey Solomon (1785–1850). Whitechapel is also the scene of Israel Zangwill's ''Children of the Ghetto'' and the novels of Simon Blumenfield. Several chapters of Sholem Aleichem's classic Yiddish novel "Adventures of Mottel the Cantor's Son" take place in early 20th Century Whitechapel, depicted from the point of view of an impoverished East European Jewish family fleeing the pogroms.

The prostitute and daughter of a Luddite leader Sybil Gerard, main character of William Gibson and Bruce Sterling's novel The Difference Engine comes from Whitechapel. The novel's plot begins there.

Brick Lane, the 2003 novel by Monica Ali is based in Whitechapel and documents the life of a young Bangladeshi woman's experience of living in Tower Hamlets in the 1990s and early 2000s.

Whitechapel is used as a location in most Jack the Ripper fiction. One such example is the bizarre ''White Chappel Scarlet Tracings'' (1987) by Iain Sinclair.Glinert, Ed (2000). ''A Literary Guide to London''. London: Penguin. Page 256. It also features as the setting for the science fiction Webcomic ''FreakAngels'', written by popular comics writer Warren Ellis.

In 2002, Whitechapel was used as the setting for a Sherlock Holmes film, ''The Case of the Whitechapel Vampire'', based on the Arthur Conan Doyle story ''The Adventure of the Sussex Vampire''. Whitechapel is a district within East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is located east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by the Bishopsgate thoroughfare on the west, Fashion Street on the north, Brady Street and Cavell Street on the east and The Highway on the south. It has been for a long time a poor and working-class neighborhood perhaps best known for being the location of the infamous Jack the Ripper murders in the late 1880s. The murderer was never identified, although rumours suggest over 100 names. Today, its residents are of varied ethnic origin, primarily British Bangladeshi.

Notable natives or residents

In addition to the prominent figures detailed in the article:
; Born in Whitechapel
* Damon Albarn – musician, lead singer of Blur (band) and co-creator of virtual cartoon rock band Gorillaz, born 1968
* Julius Stafford Baker, cartoonist'BAKER, JULIUS STAFFORD (1869-1961), British cartoonist' in Maurice Horn, Richard Marschall, eds., ''The World Encyclopedia of Cartoons'', vol. 1 (Gale Research Co., 1980), p. 96
* Abraham Beame, first Jewish mayor of New York City, 1906–2001
* Jack Kid Berg, boxer, "The Whitechapel Windmill", British Lightweight Champion 1934
* Stanley Black, bandleader, 1913–2002.
* Simon Blumenfeld, novelist, playwright and columnist, 1907–2005.
* Georgia Brown (English singer) (born Lillian Klot), actress and singer, 1933–1992.
* Tina Charles (singer), 1970s disco artist, born 1954
* Peter Cheyney, mystery writer and journalist, 1896–1951
* Jack Cohen (businessman), Anglo-Jewish businessman who founded the Tesco supermarket chain, 1898–1979
* Ashley Cole, Chelsea F.C. and England national football team footballer 1980
* Jack Comer, Jewish gangster and anti-Fascist, 1912–1996
* Roger Delgado, actor (known for playing "The Master" in ''Doctor Who''), 1918–1973
* Pete Doherty, Musician
* Lloyd Doyley, footballer
* Bud Flanagan, (born Chaim Reuven Weintrop), music hall comedian on stage, radio, film and television, 1896–1968
* Kemal Izzet, footballer
* Muzzy Izzet, footballer
* Charlie Lee, Peterborough United F.C. footballer
* Emanuel Litvinoff, Anglo-Jewish author of ''Journey Through a Small Planet''
* Margaret Pepys (née Kite), mother of diarist Samuel Pepys, d. 1667
* Abe Saperstein, founder of the Harlem Globetrotters basketball team
* Sarah Taylor (cricketer), Cricketer
* Alan Tilvern, film and television actor, 1918–2003
* Anwar Uddin, captain of Dagenham and Redbridge
* Dan Ellis (Windsurfing Champion), 5x UK Windsurfing Champion, IFCA World Champion 2007. born 1978 on Parfett St
* Ezekiel Baker (Gunsmith), Inventor of the Baker Rifle, used during the Napoleonic Wars. Born in Whitechapel
; Resident in or otherwise associated with Whitechapel
* Richard Brandon (? – 20 June 1649), the reputed executioner of Charles I of England was buried at the Whitechapel parish church of St Mary Matfelon. The church register records that he lived in Rosemary Lane (modern Royal Mint Street).[http://www.casebook.org/victorian_london/whitechapel1881.html Old and New London: A Narrative of Its History, Its People and Its Places by Walter Thornbury, 1881] accessed 8 February 2007
* Jack the Ripper, serial killer.
* Charles Lahr, anarchist bookseller/publisher, secretary of Whitechapel branch of the Industrial Union of Direct Actionists (IUDA), 1885–1971.
* Jack London, who wrote ''The People of the Abyss'' while staying in Whitechapel.
* Richard Parker (sailor), Royal Navy mutineer buried in St Mary Matfelon.
* Rudolf Rocker, anarcho-syndicalist writer, historian and prominent activist, active in Whitechapel 1895–1918, 1873–1958
* Obadiah Shuttleworth, composer, violinist and organist of the parish church, d. 1734.
* Abraham Nahum Stencl, Yiddish poet, early companion of Franz Kafka, published ''Loshn and Lebn'' in Whitechapel, 1897–1983. Whitechapel is a district within East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is located east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by the Bishopsgate thoroughfare on the west, Fashion Street on the north, Brady Street and Cavell Street on the east and The Highway on the south. It has been for a long time a poor and working-class neighborhood perhaps best known for being the location of the infamous Jack the Ripper murders in the late 1880s. The murderer was never identified, although rumours suggest over 100 names. Today, its residents are of varied ethnic origin, primarily British Bangladeshi.

Education

:''For details of education in Whitechapel see the List of schools in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets'' Whitechapel is a district within East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is located east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by the Bishopsgate thoroughfare on the west, Fashion Street on the north, Brady Street and Cavell Street on the east and The Highway on the south. It has been for a long time a poor and working-class neighborhood perhaps best known for being the location of the infamous Jack the Ripper murders in the late 1880s. The murderer was never identified, although rumours suggest over 100 names. Today, its residents are of varied ethnic origin, primarily British Bangladeshi.

Transport

The East London line extension northwards to Highbury and Islington railway station and southwards to West Croydon station was completed in 2010. A further extension opened in 2012 to provide a complete rail ring route around south London to Clapham Junction. Whitechapel is also scheduled to be a stop on the Crossrail project, for which preparatory works began in September 2010[http://www.onetowerhamlets.net/your_local_area/consultations/june_2010/whitechapel_station.aspx Transforming Whitechapel Station leaflet (June 2010)] at a large site excavating 'Cambridge Heath Shaft' (located at the eastern end of the Crossrail platform tunnels and adjacent to the junction of Whitechapel Road and Cambridge Heath Road, with Sainsbury’s superstore and car park to the north-west of the site and The Blind Beggar public house immediately to the west).http://www.towerhamlets.gov.uk/idoc.ashx?docid=75839864-f243-46b7-9ef4-c689e6343fa2&version=-1 Crossrail context report: Prepared for
London Borough of Tower Hamlets (August 2008) This is now likely to be completed in 2017. Whitechapel is a district within East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is located east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by the Bishopsgate thoroughfare on the west, Fashion Street on the north, Brady Street and Cavell Street on the east and The Highway on the south. It has been for a long time a poor and working-class neighborhood perhaps best known for being the location of the infamous Jack the Ripper murders in the late 1880s. The murderer was never identified, although rumours suggest over 100 names. Today, its residents are of varied ethnic origin, primarily British Bangladeshi.

Nearest places

emerges from the former Whitechapel public library. (Now a part of the Whitechapel Gallery)]]
;Districts
* Aldgate
* Bethnal Green
* Limehouse
* Shadwell
* Stepney
* Shoreditch
* Spitalfields
* Wapping

The nearest List of London Underground stations are Whitechapel station and Aldgate East tube station – on the Hammersmith & City Line and District Lines. Whitechapel station is also an interchange with the East London Line (re-opened as London Overground June 2010) and is a proposed stop on Crossrail 1. Whitechapel is a district within East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is located east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by the Bishopsgate thoroughfare on the west, Fashion Street on the north, Brady Street and Cavell Street on the east and The Highway on the south. It has been for a long time a poor and working-class neighborhood perhaps best known for being the location of the infamous Jack the Ripper murders in the late 1880s. The murderer was never identified, although rumours suggest over 100 names. Today, its residents are of varied ethnic origin, primarily British Bangladeshi.

Future developments

Whitechapel Market and the A11 corridor is currently the subject of a £20 million investment to improve the public spaces along the route. The London Boroughs of Tower Hamlets & Newham are working with English Heritage and Transport for London to refurbish the historic buildings at this location and improve the market. [http://www.highstreet2012.com/ High Street 2012] Whitechapel is a district within East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is located east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by the Bishopsgate thoroughfare on the west, Fashion Street on the north, Brady Street and Cavell Street on the east and The Highway on the south. It has been for a long time a poor and working-class neighborhood perhaps best known for being the location of the infamous Jack the Ripper murders in the late 1880s. The murderer was never identified, although rumours suggest over 100 names. Today, its residents are of varied ethnic origin, primarily British Bangladeshi.

See also

* Whitechapel murders
* Jack the Ripper
* British Bangladeshi
* Stepney Historical Trust Whitechapel is a district within East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is located east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by the Bishopsgate thoroughfare on the west, Fashion Street on the north, Brady Street and Cavell Street on the east and The Highway on the south. It has been for a long time a poor and working-class neighborhood perhaps best known for being the location of the infamous Jack the Ripper murders in the late 1880s. The murderer was never identified, although rumours suggest over 100 names. Today, its residents are of varied ethnic origin, primarily British Bangladeshi.

References

; Sources consulted



; Endnotes Whitechapel is a district within East End of London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is located east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by the Bishopsgate thoroughfare on the west, Fashion Street on the north, Brady Street and Cavell Street on the east and The Highway on the south. It has been for a long time a poor and working-class neighborhood perhaps best known for being the location of the infamous Jack the Ripper murders in the late 1880s. The murderer was never identified, although rumours suggest over 100 names. Today, its residents are of varied ethnic origin, primarily British Bangladeshi.

External links

* [http://www.towerhamlets.gov.uk/lgsl/800001-800100/800018_in_your_ward/whitechapel.aspx Official web site] for the ward of Whitechapel
* [http://www.casebook.org/victorian_london/index.html Primary source articles]
* [http://www.thhol.org.uk/ Tower Hamlets History Online]
* Jack London – ''The People of the Abyss'' – account of his 1902 stay amongst the East End poor [http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/London/Writings/PeopleOfTheAbyss (Text)]
* [http://www.jacktheripper.de/schauplaetze/nachtaufnahmen Nighttime photos of Whitechapel and environs]. Commentary is in German, but it is mostly photos.






Category:Districts of Tower Hamlets
Category:Areas of London