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Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

History

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The earliest record of what would become Bloomsbury is the 1086 Domesday Book, which records that the area had vineyards and "wood for 100 pigs". But it is not until 1201 that the name Bloomsbury is first noted, when William de Blemond, a Norman landowner, acquired the land.[http://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/content/leisure/local-history/camdens-history.en;jsessionid=bXe49MRVNYRg Camden Council Local History]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. The name Bloomsbury is a development from Blemondisberi – the bury, or manor, of Blemond. An 1878 publication, ''Old and New London: Volume 4'', mentions the idea that the area was named after a village called "Lomesbury" which formerly stood where Bloomsbury Square is now,[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=45209 'Bloomsbury', Old and New London: Volume 4 (1878), pp. 480–89] Date accessed: 8 March 2007 though this piece of folk etymology is now discredited.

At the end of the 14th century Edward III acquired Blemond's manor, and passed it on to the Carthusian monks of the London Charterhouse, who kept the area mostly rural.

In the 16th century, with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Henry VIII of England took the land back into the possession of the Crown, and granted it to Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton.

In the early 1660s, the Earl of Southampton constructed what eventually became Bloomsbury Square. The area was laid out mainly in the 18th century, largely by landowners such as Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford, who built Bloomsbury Market, which opened in 1730. The major development of the squares that we see today started in about 1800 when Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford removed Bedford House and developed the land to the north with Russell Square as its centrepiece. Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

Governance

William de Blemond in the 13th century, a Norman, was the first landowner. Edward III acquired Blemond's manor, and passed it on to the Carthusian monks who governed it until Henry VIII of England granted it to the Earl of Southampton. The Duke of Bedford became landowners in the 18th century.

The area lay within the parishes of St Giles in the Fields (parish) and St George's, Bloomsbury,Sir Walter Besant and Geraldine Edith Mitton, which were absorbed into the St Giles District (Metropolis) as part of the Metropolis Management Act 1855. It is now controlled by the London Borough of Camden, and is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

Geography

Bloomsbury has no official boundaries, but can be roughly defined as the square bounded by Tottenham Court Road to the west, Euston Road to the north, Gray's Inn Road to the east, and either High Holborn or the thoroughfare formed by New Oxford Street, Bloomsbury Way and Theobalds Road to the south. Bloomsbury merges gradually with Holborn in the south, with St Pancras, London and King's Cross, London in the north-east and with Clerkenwell in the south-east.

The area is bisected north to south by the main road Southampton Row/Woburn Place, which has several large tourist hotels and links Tavistock Square and Russell Square – the central points of Bloomsbury. The road runs from Euston railway station and Somers Town, London in the north to Holborn in the south.

East of Southampton Row/Woburn Place are the Grade II listed Brunswick Centre, a residential and shopping centre,[http://www.alliedlondon.com/news/news_2004spring.html Brunswick Centre – Restoration]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. and Coram's Fields children's recreation area. The area to the north of Coram's Fields consists mainly of blocks of flats, built as both private and social housing, which is often considered part of St Pancras[http://www.viewlondon.co.uk/home_feat_local_bloomsbury.asp View London]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. or King's Cross, London[http://www.uclunion.org/volunteers/organisations/corams-fields-childrens-play.php Corams Fields]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. rather than north-eastern Bloomsbury. The area to the south is generally less residential, containing several hospitals, including Great Ormond Street Hospital, and gradually becomes more commercial in character as it approaches Holborn at Theobald's Road.

The area west of Southampton Row/Woburn Place is notable for its concentration of academic establishments, museums, and formal squares. Here are the British Museum and the central departments and colleges of the University of London, including Birkbeck College, University College London, the School of Oriental and African Studies, and the University of London's School of Advanced Study. The main north-south road in west Bloomsbury is Gower Street (London) which is a one-way street running south from Euston Road towards Shaftesbury Avenue in Covent Garden, becoming Bloomsbury Street when it passes to the west of the British Museum. Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

Parks and squares

Bloomsbury contains some of London's finest parks and buildings, and is particularly known for its formal squares. These include:

* Russell Square, a large and orderly square; its gardens were originally designed by Humphry Repton. The square is a short distance from Russell Square tube station.
* Bedford Square, built between 1775 and 1783, is still surrounded by Georgian town houses.
* Bloomsbury Square has a small circular garden surrounded by Georgian buildings.
* Queen Square, London, home to the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery.
* Gordon Square, surrounded by the history and archaeology departments of University College London, as well as the former home of John Maynard Keynes, the economist. This is where the Bloomsbury Group lived and met.
* Woburn Square and Torrington Square, home to other parts of University College London.
* Tavistock Square, home to the British Medical Association; its eastern edge was the site of one of the 7 July 2005 London bombings.
* Mecklenburgh Square, east of Coram's Fields, one of the few squares which remains locked for the use of local residents.
* Coram's Fields, a large recreational space on the eastern edge of the area, formerly home to the Foundling Hospital. It is only open to children and to adults accompanying children.
* Brunswick Square, now occupied by the School of Pharmacy, University of London and the Foundling Museum. Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

Culture

, Mrs. Aldous Huxley, Lytton Strachey, Duncan Grant and Vanessa Bell.]]
Historically, Bloomsbury is associated with the arts, education, and medicine. The area gives its name to the Bloomsbury Group of artists, the most famous of whom was Virginia Woolf, who met in private homes in the area in the early 1900s, and to the lesser known Bloomsbury Gang of British Whig Party formed in 1765 by John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford. The publisher Faber & Faber used to be located in Queen Square, London, though at the time T. S. Eliot was editor the offices were in Tavistock Square. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in John Millais's parents' house on Gower Street, London in 1848.

The Bloomsbury Festival was launched in 2006 when local resident Roma Backhouse was commissioned to mark the re-opening of the Brunswick Centre, a residential and shopping area. The free festival is a celebration of the local area, partnering with galleries, libraries and museums, and achieved charitable status at the end of 2012. As of 2013, the Duchess of Bedford is a festival patron and Cathy Mager is the Festival Director.

Educational institutions
Bloomsbury is home to Senate House (University of London) and the main library of the University of London, The Bloomsbury Colleges (Birkbeck, University of London, Institute of Education, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, School of Pharmacy, School of Oriental and African Studies and the Royal Veterinary College) and University College London (with the Slade School of Fine Art), a branch of the University of Law, London Contemporary Dance School, the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, and Goodenough College. Other colleges in the area include the University of London's School of Advanced Study, the Architectural Association School of Architecture in Bedford Square, and several London campuses of American colleges including the University of California London Centre, University of Delaware London Centre, Florida State University London Study Centre, Syracuse University London Facility, New York University London, and the London campus of the Hult International Business School.

Museums
[[File:Brunswick Square, Bloomsbury - geograph.org.uk - 172058.jpg|thumb|Brunswick Square ]]
The British Museum, which first opened to the public in 1759 in Montagu House, Bloomsbury, is at the heart of Bloomsbury. At the centre of the museum the space around the former British Library Reading Room, which was filled with the concrete storage bunkers of the British Library, is today the Queen Elizabeth II Great Court, an indoor square with a glass roof designed by British architect Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank. It houses displays, a cinema, a shop, a cafe and a restaurant. Since 1998, the British Library has been located in a purpose-built building just outside the northern edge of Bloomsbury, on Euston Road.

Also in Bloomsbury is the Foundling Museum close to Brunswick Square, which tells the story of the Foundling Hospital opened by Thomas Coram, for unwanted children in Georgian era London. The hospital, now demolished except for the Georgian colonnade, is today a playground and outdoor sports field for children, called Coram's Fields; adults are only admitted with a child. It is also home to a small number of sheep. The nearby Lamb's Conduit Street is a pleasant thoroughfare with independent shops, cafes and restaurants.

The Dickens House is in Doughty Street. The Petrie Museum and the University College London#Museums and collections are at University College London in Gower Street. Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

Hospitals

Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine (formerly the Royal London Homoeopathic Hospital) are both located on Great Ormond Street, off Queen Square, London, which itself is home to the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery (formerly the National Hospital for Nervous Diseases). Bloomsbury is also the location of University College Hospital, which re-opened in 2005 in new buildings on Euston Road, built under the government’s private finance initiative (PFI). The Eastman Dental Hospital is located on Gray’s Inn Road close to the Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital administered by the Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust. Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

Business

In February 2010, businesses were balloted on an expansion of the InHolborn Business Improvement District (BID) to include the southern part of Bloomsbury. Only businesses with a rateable value in excess of £60,000 could vote as only these would pay the BID levy. This expansion of the BID into Bloomsbury was supported by Camden Council. The proposal was passed and part of Bloomsbury was brought within the InHolborn BID.[http://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/content/council-and-democracy/news/2010/march/business-improvement-district-ballot-result.en Bloomsbury, Holborn and St Giles business improvement district renewal ballot – announcement of result accessed 13 March 2010]

Controversy was raised during this BID renewal when InHolborn proposed collecting Bloomsbury, St. Giles and Holborn under the name of "Midtown", since it was seen as ""too American". Whilst businesses were informed about the BID proposals there was little consultation with residents or voluntary organisations. InHolborn produced a comprehensive business plan aimed at large businesses. Bloomsbury is now part of InMidtown BID with its 2010 to 2015 business plan and a stated aim to make the area "a quality environment In which to work and live, A vibrant area to visit and A profitable place in which to do business". Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

Churches

Bloomsbury contains three notable churches:

*St. George's Church, Bloomsbury, located on Bloomsbury Way in the south of the area, was built by Nicholas Hawksmoor between 1716 and 1731. It has a deep Roman porch with six huge Corinthian order columns, and is notable for its steeple based on the Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus and for the statue of King George II of Great Britain on the top.

*The Early English Neo-Gothic Church of Christ the King, Bloomsbury on Gordon Square. It was designed for the Irvingites[http://www.andrewcusack.com/blog/2005/07/church_of_chris.php Church of Christ the King]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. by Raphael Brandon in 1853. Since June 10, 1954 it has been a Grade I listed building.

*St Pancras New Church on the northern boundary, near Euston railway station. This church was completed in 1822, and is notable for the caryatids on north and south which are based on the "porch of the maidens" from the Erechtheum.

The church of St George the Martyr Holborn in Queen Square, London was built 1703–1706,[http://www.sgtm.org/about/index.asp St George's Bloomsbury]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. and was where Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath married on Bloomsday in 1956.Walking Literary London, Roger Tagholm, New Holland Publishers, 2001. Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

Transport

The area surrounding Bloomsbury has several London Underground stations, although only two of these (Russell Square tube station and Euston Square tube station) have entrances in Bloomsbury itself. The other stations, located on the fringes of Bloomsbury, are Euston tube station, Goodge Street tube station, Warren Street tube station, Tottenham Court Road tube station, Holborn tube station, Chancery Lane tube station and King's Cross St. Pancras tube station.

The mainline rail stations Euston railway station, London King's Cross railway station and St Pancras railway station are all just north of Bloomsbury. Since , Eurostar services have relocated to St Pancras, promising shorter journey times to Paris and Brussels and better connections to the rest of the UK.

Bloomsbury is also the site of the disused British Museum tube station.

It is well served by buses, with over 12 different routes running south down Gower Street, London and both north and south through Russell Square.[http://cache.tfl.gov.uk/buses/pdfdocs/centlond.pdf TfL Central London Bus Routes]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. Route 7 goes along Great Russell Street, past the British Museum, and on to Russell Square.

One of the 13 surviving Cabmen's Shelter Fund in London, where drivers can stop for a meal and a drink, is in Russell Square.[http://www.urban75.org/london/cabmans-shelters.html Cabmen's Shelters]. Retrieved 24 August 2010. Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

Notable residents

* J. M. Barrie (1860–1937), playwright and novelist, lived in Guilford Street and 8 Grenville Street when he first moved to London;Mackail, Denis: ''The Story of J.M.B. Peter Davies'', 1941 this is where Barrie situated the Darlings' house in ''Peter Pan''.J.M. Barrie: ''Peter Pan, or the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up''. Act I. Hodder & Stoughton, 1928
* Vanessa Bell (1879–1961), painter, sister of Virginia Woolf, lived at 46 Gordon Square.
* William Copeland Borlase M.P. (1848–1899), died bankrupt and disowned by his family at 34 Bedford Court Mansions.
* Vera Brittain (1893-1970) and Winifred Holtby (1898-1935) lived at 58 Doughty Street.
* Randolph Caldecott (1846–1886), illustrator, lived at 46 Great Russell Street.
* William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, (1698 - 1755), sold the Old Devonshire House at 48 Boswell Street.
* Charles Darwin (1809–1882), lived at 12 Upper Gower Street, London in 1839.[http://darwin.baruch.cuny.edu/biography/london/london.html Charles Darwin]. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
* George Dance the Younger (1741–1825), architect, lived at 91 Gower Street.
* Charles Dickens (1812–1870), novelist, lived at 14 Great Russell Street, Tavistock Square and 48 Doughty Street.
* George du Maurier (1834–1896), artist and writer, lived at 91 (formerly 46) Great Russell Street.
* Benton Fletcher (1866-1944), housed his keyboard collection at the Old Devonshire House, 48 Boswell Street, in the 1930s and 40s.
* Ricky Gervais, comedian, lived until recently in Southampton Row, Store Street and owned one of the penthouses in Bloomsbury Mansions on Russell Square, WC1.
* Mary Anne Everett Green, Calenderer of State Papers, author of ''Lives of the Princesses of England'', mother of Evelyn Everett-Green, a prolific 19th century novelist.
* Philip Hardwick (1792–1870) and Philip Charles Hardwick (1822–1892), father and son, architects, lived at 60 Russell Square for over ten years.
* John Maynard Keynes, (1883-1946), economist, lived for 30 years in Gordon Square.
* Emanuel Litvinoff (1915-2011) author, poet, playwright and human rights campaigner, lived for 46 years in Mecklenburgh Square.
* Bob Marley (1945-1981), musician, lived in 34 Ridgmount Gardens for 6 months in 1972.
* Charlotte Mew (1869–1928), poet, was born at 30 Doughty Street, and lived there until the family moved nearby to 9, Gordon Street, in 1890.
* Dorothy L. Sayers (1893–1957), novelist lived at 24 Great James Street from 1921–1929. Her main female character Harriet Vane also lived in Bloomsbury.
* Alexei Sayle, English stand-up comedian, actor and author.
* John Shaw Senior (1776–1832) and John Shaw Junior (1803–1870), father and son, architects, lived in Gower Street, London.
* Catherine Tate (b. 1968), actress and comedienne, was brought up in the Brunswick Centre, close to Russell Square.
* Virginia Woolf (1882–1941), author, essayist, and diarist, resided at 46 Gordon Square.
* Thomas Henry Wyatt (1807–1880), architect, lived at 77 Great Russell Street.
* John Wyndham lived at the Penn Club in Tavistock Square (1924–38) and then (except for 1943-46 Army service) at the Club's new address at 21-22 Bedford Place, off Russell Square (its present address), until his marriage to fellow Penn Club adjoining room resident Grace Isabel Wilson in 1963.
* William Butler Yeats (1865–1939), poet, dramatist and prose writer, lived at Woburn Walk. Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

See also

Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

References

Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Duke of Bedford in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of Squares in London,[http://www.gardenvisit.com/landscape/london/lguide/london-squares.htm Guide to London Squares]. Retrieved 8 March 2007. literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group) and numerous cultural, educational and healthcare institutions. While Bloomsbury was not the first area of London to have acquired a formal square, Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton as Southampton Square, was the first square to be named as such.The London Encyclopaedia, Edited by Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert. Macmillan London Ltd 1983 Bloomsbury is home to the University of London's central bodies and departments, including the Senate House (University of London)#Senate House Library and School of Advanced Study, and to several of its colleges, including University College London, the Institute of Education (IOE), Birkbeck, University of London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the School of Oriental and African Studies. Numerous healthcare institutions are located in Bloomsbury, including the British Medical Association, Great Ormond Street Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College Hospital and the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. The British Museum and the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art are also located in the area. Bloomsbury is in the Parliamentary constituency of Holborn and St Pancras (UK Parliament constituency). The western half of the district comprises Bloomsbury (ward) which elects three councillors to Camden London Borough Council.

External links

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{{Geographic Location
|title = '''Neighbouring areas of London.'''
|Northwest = Regent's Park
|North = Somers Town, London
|Northeast = St Pancras, London
|West = Fitzrovia
|Centre = Bloomsbury
|East = Clerkenwell
|Southwest = Soho
|South = Covent Garden
|Southeast = Holborn
}}

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Category:Districts of Camden
Category:Areas of London