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Crayford escorts

Crayford is a town and Wards of the United Kingdom in South East London, England within the London Borough of Bexley. It is located near the border of Greater London with Kent, bordering the Dartford (borough). It lies east of Bexleyheath and north west of Dartford.

History

An Iron Age settlement existed roughly in the period 30 BC to 40 AD in the vicinity of what is now St Paulinus Church. Crayford is one of several places that have been suggested as the site of Roman ''Noviomagus'' (new market), a place mentioned on the Antonine Itinerary as being on the road from Canterbury to London. Crayford is also plausible as the site of a bloody battle in 457 AD at ''Crecganford'' (early English for "creeks-ford"). The ''Anglo-Saxon Chronicle'' (written over 400 years later) describes how Hengist and Aesc defeated the "Brettas", usually interpreted as Britons (historic),[http://www.bexley.gov.uk/localstudies/local_history/guide_pdfs/22_crayford.pdf Bexley Local Studies Note 22 'Crayford'] accessed 28 November 2007 and often over-interpreted as "Celtic". See Timeline of Anglo-Saxon England#5th century.

Crayford is mentioned in the Domesday Book (the survey of which took place in 1086) as having a church and three mills, and a relatively large population of 27 regular householders (villeins) and 2 smallholders. Its overlord and lord was not a private individual, nor the King but Christ Church, Canterbury.[http://domesdaymap.co.uk/place/TQ5177/crayford/ Domesday Map] Retrieved 2013-08-23

As a civil parishes in England (before 1920) it included the hamlets of North End, Bexley, Perry Street and Slade Green which lie to the north.[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/gaztext_page.jsp?u_id=10040383&c_id=10001043 Imperial Gazetteer quoted on 'Vision of Britain' website] accessed 6 March 2008 In 1831, the population of the parish was 2022 people.[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~shebra/pigots_1840_-_crayford,_erith_&c_.htm 'Pigots 1840', on website freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~shebra/pigots_1840] accessed 5 December 2007 For centuries it was strongly associated with brick-making, the printing of silk scarves, ties and calico cloths, and for a short period carpet-making.

There were two main Manor Houses in the area during the Middle Ages, Newbery Manor on the site of what is now Crayford Manor House, and Howbury Manor next to Slade Green. Near to Newbery Manor was May Place, built for the Appleton (Apylton) family who served Kings Henry V of England and Henry VI of England.[http://www.bexley.gov.uk/localstudies/local_history/guide_pdfs/12_may_place_crayford.pdf Bexley Local Studies Note 12 'May Place'] accessed 6 June 2008 Nearby Hall Place was built for Lord Mayor of the City of London John Champneis in around 1537. There was also an Iron Mill, which was later replaced by a saw mill (in 1765), which produced the timber for the floor of Buckingham Palace.

Industrialisation
In 1819 the former saw mill site became a flour mill, and another major employer was the silk works set up by Augustus Applegath and later run by David Evans. The Maxim Nordenfeldt Gun and Ammunition Factory was also a major employer, until taken over by the Vickers Company in 1897. Vickers built military aeroplanes and armaments and became the dominant employer, building homes, a theatre and a canteen close to many workshops. The canteen (built during World War I) became the town hall of the Crayford Urban District Council and remains a major landmark in municipal use.

Another former major employer in Crayford was Dussek Brothers (part of Burmah-Castrol since the 1960s) who operated their oils and waxes blending business on Thames Road from around 1928 until the site was bought by BP and subsequently closed down in 2001. The entire site was demolished in early 2010, and is awaiting a buyer. The David Evans silk works is another recent closure, in 2002.

Noteworthy residents include Admiral Cloudesley Shovell, who lived at May Place between 1694 and 1707,[http://www.bexley.gov.uk/localstudies/local_history/guide_pdfs/ Bexley Local Studies Note 22 'Crayford'] accessed 6 June 2008 and Sir Frederick Currie, 1st Baronet who also lived at the Manor House, May Place. Inventors Augustus Applegath,[http://www.bexley.gov.uk/localstudies/local_history/guide_pdfs/22_crayford.pdf Bexley Local Studies Note 22 'Crayford'] accessed 6 June 2008 Hiram Stevens Maxim
Jeffrey Veal landowner, property developer and landlord of the ''Fox and Hounds'' public house[http://www.foxnhounds.co.uk Foxnhounds.co.uk] and Ye Olde George inne Shoreham [http://www.pubsinshoreham.com Pubs in Shoreham website]
[http://www.bexley.gov.uk/localstudies/local_history/guide_pdfs/76_two_local_inventors.pdf Bexley Local Studies Note 76 'Two Local Inventors'] accessed 6 June 2008 and Jack Wall, inventor of the Crayford focuser, which is incorporated into many modern telescopes
[http://www.astronomics.com/main/category.asp/catalog_name/Astronomics/category_name/GPPM30TX16PT8MEGHTP24W1JD4/Page/1 Description of the Crayford Focuser] accessed 28 November 2007 were also residents. Sportsman Derek Ufton, who played both cricket and association football professionally, was born in Crayford.

Crayford was voted 'Kent and South East London's' roughest place. Statistic's show that violence in Crayford has increased by 4.0%, however statistics have also shown criminal offences such as burglary,
graffiti have decreased by 6.0% and discrimination and racism offences have decreased by 9%.

Until the creation of Greater London in 1965 which was effectively an expansion of the County of London, the character and attributes of the place fell just short of town status in the United Kingdom and it was until shortly before World War II little more than an average sized ecclesiastical parish in Kent with relatively short journeys possible to London and 19th century and early 20th century industrial employment areas such as Dartford and Croydon. Crayford is a town and Wards of the United Kingdom in South East London, England within the London Borough of Bexley. It is located near the border of Greater London with Kent, bordering the Dartford (borough). It lies east of Bexleyheath and north west of Dartford.

Leisure

[[Image:Crayford ward.PNG|thumb|Crayford ward (green) within the London Borough of Bexley (yellow)]]
Crayford is now well known for a different theatre (home of the New Theatre Group), a small astronomic observatory and a greyhound racing track. The theatre was named in honour of Geoffrey Whitworth who played a key part in developing a British tradition of amateur drama and in building political support for The Royal National Theatre erected at Waterloo station after his death.

Nearby Hall Place is a scheduled ancient monument lying between Crayford and Bexley. It has gardens with the River Cray running through and a plant nursery, a cafe and restaurant plus the silkworks shop formerly located in the David Evans factory.[http://www.bexley.gov.uk/service/towns/crayford/thingstodo.html Bexley Council 'Things to do in Crayford'] accessed 30 November 2007

The main leisure facilities are Crayford Stadium greyhound race track and "The Bear and Ragged Staff" public house well known as a venue for live pop/rock bands;

Crayford Stadium is popular, with a reasonable viewing area and races every Friday and Saturday night. The stadium includes 2 bars, a cafe and a restaurant with ample parking. Crayford Stadium is one of the three remaining greyhound racing stadia in London, besides Romford Stadium and Wimbledon Stadium, from an original 33.

"The Bear and Ragged Staff" is the liveliest public house in the town centre and it was briefly renamed "The Orange Kipper" in the mid-1990s, before the owners were convinced to reinstate the traditional name.

There are five other pubs in the Town Centre - The Charlotte in Station Road, the Duke of Wellington on London Road and the Crayford Arms, Duke's Head and The One Bell (owned by Jimmy Bullard, a championship footballer), all on or adjoining Crayford High Street. There is also a pub on Thames Road called The Jolly Farmers.

The key shops are a large Sainsbury's supermarket situated next to stadium.

The Tower Retail Park opposite Crayford Town Hall comprises stores used by Bed Post, Boots, the Carphone Warehouse, Comet (now defunct), Currys, First Choice Holiday Hypermarket, Game, Hobbycraft, Next, Pets At Home and Sports Superstore, plus eateries run by Nandos and McDonald's. Opposite Tower Retail Park is the electronic and gadget store Maplin Electronics and interior furnishing store Topps Tiles.

The high street is partly one-way for motor traffic and has a few shops and services including a Londis/Sub-Post Office, Barclays Bank, NHS surgery, nail bar, golf store and Iceland.

Crayford Motors are nearby and are a successful Citroen dealership.

On its way from Erith to Old Bexley, the London Outer Orbital Path follows the River Cray across the Crayford Marshes and through the town centre. This section of the LOOP is based on an earlier signed walk, the Cray Riverway, and many of the signposts along it still carry the older route's name.

Sport

VCD Athletic F.C. compete in the Southern Counties East League and were runners-up for the league title in 2006–07 ('VCD' stands for Vickers, Crayford and Dartford). They play at Oakwood stadium, on Old Road, Crayford, who they share with Kent Football United F.C..

[http://www.crayfordarrows.org.uk/home.html Crayford Arrows Sports Club] is a local football team, established in 1981.

[http://crayford-jujitsu.co.uk/ Crayford Jujitsu Club] are a local self-defence martial art club, providing Jujitsu instruction to both adults (over 15 years of age) and children (from 6-14 years old). It was formerly located in the sports hall adjacent to the Crayford Greyhound Stadium, but was re-established at the Europa Centre, on Vimy Way in 2012 after being closed for a number of years.

Speedway racing was staged at Crayford Stadium. The team raced in the inaugural 1968 British League Division Two as the Highwaymen before closing down. In later years the sport was revived and the team were known as the Kestrels. The track subsequently closed and the team moved to Hackney Stadium in East London. Crayford is a town and Wards of the United Kingdom in South East London, England within the London Borough of Bexley. It is located near the border of Greater London with Kent, bordering the Dartford (borough). It lies east of Bexleyheath and north west of Dartford.

Education

Secondary schools in the area include Haberdashers' Aske's Crayford Academy. Crayford is a town and Wards of the United Kingdom in South East London, England within the London Borough of Bexley. It is located near the border of Greater London with Kent, bordering the Dartford (borough). It lies east of Bexleyheath and north west of Dartford.

Places of worship

Acts 2 Church Crayford, Haberdashers Askes Academy, Iron Mill Ln

Crayford Baptist Church, Bexley Lane

St Paulinus Church, Manor Road (Anglican)

NWK Muslim Association Mosque, Crayford High Street. The mosque serves both Bexley and Dartford Boroughs. (re-use of Methodist Church)

St Mary of the Crays Catholic Church, Old Road Crayford is a town and Wards of the United Kingdom in South East London, England within the London Borough of Bexley. It is located near the border of Greater London with Kent, bordering the Dartford (borough). It lies east of Bexleyheath and north west of Dartford.

Transport and locale

Nearest places
* Bexleyheath, London, England
* Dartford
* Barnes Cray
* Slade Green
* Barnehurst
* Erith
* Bexley Crayford is a town and Wards of the United Kingdom in South East London, England within the London Borough of Bexley. It is located near the border of Greater London with Kent, bordering the Dartford (borough). It lies east of Bexleyheath and north west of Dartford.

Transport

Crayford station serves the area with services to London Charing Cross via Hither Green station, London Cannon Street via both Lewisham station and Woolwich Arsenal station as part of a loop service, and to Gravesend station. Crayford is served by three Transport for London bus services, 96 to Woolwich via Bexleyheath and to Bluewater via Dartford, 428 to Erith and to Bluewater, and 492 to Sidcup via Bexleyheath and to Bluewater. Crayford is a town and Wards of the United Kingdom in South East London, England within the London Borough of Bexley. It is located near the border of Greater London with Kent, bordering the Dartford (borough). It lies east of Bexleyheath and north west of Dartford.

References

Crayford is a town and Wards of the United Kingdom in South East London, England within the London Borough of Bexley. It is located near the border of Greater London with Kent, bordering the Dartford (borough). It lies east of Bexleyheath and north west of Dartford.

External links

*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/place_page.jsp?p_id=1190&st=crayford A description of Crayford in c. 1870] in the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (from the 'Vision of Britain' website)
*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~genmaps/genfiles/COU_files/ENG/KEN/barlow-hastead_little-etc_1800.html Two maps of the area c.1800]
*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/bound_map_page.jsp?first=true&u_id=10040383&c_id=10001043 Maps of Crayford Parish in the past]
*[http://www.barrysmag.com A diary listing musicians booked to appear at the Bear and Ragged Staff public house, 2 London Road]
*[http://www.nwkfhs.org.uk/cray_plc.htm North West Kent Family History Society - Crayford Parish Page]
*[http://cmhas.wikispaces.com/ Crayford Manor House Astronomical Society]
*[http://www.flickr.com/photos/destinysagent/3138834648/ The brick-faced Town Hall, built as a canteen and offices for Vickers' staff and subsequently used for tea dances and other community events]
*[http://www.thegwt.org.uk/ The Geoffrey Whitworth Theatre]
*[http://www.crayford-tubes.co.uk Crayford Tubes]



Category:Areas of London
Category:Districts of Bexley