Hounslow

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|population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

Etymology

The origin of the name ''Hounslow'' is uncertain. It may derive from the Anglo-Saxon language ''Honeslaw'' (meaning an area of land suitable for hunting), or from a name or description for a mound or hill associated with the pagan ''Hundi'', of the early Anglo-Saxons period such as the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy. |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

History

Positioned on the A4 road (England) (where it forks to the Staines Road at the Bell Inn), Hounslow was centred around Holy Trinity Priory founded in 1211.[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45431 Daniel Lysons, 'Heston', ''The Environs of London'': volume 3: ''County of Middlesex'' (1795:22–45):] accessed 6 August 2010. The priory developed what had been a small village into a town with regular markets and other facilities for travellers heading to and from London. Although the priory was dissolved in 1539 the town remained an important staging post on the Bath Road. The adjacent Hounslow Heath that had been used as a military encampment by both Oliver Cromwell and James II of England developed a reputation as the haunt of highwaymen and footpads. Nearby important landowners included those of Osterley House, Syon House, Hanworth Park and [http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1261035 Worton Hall].

The building of the Great Western Railway line from London to Bristol from 1838 reduced long-distance travel along the Bath Road. By 1842 the local paper was reporting that the 'formerly flourishing village', which used to stable 2,000 horses, was suffering a 'general depreciation of property'.Quoted in Acworth, WM 'The Railways in 1843' in Morgan, B (1963) Railway Lover's Companion, Eyre & Spottiswoode, P90 The Hounslow Loop Line was constructed in 1850, prompting new development.

One of the earliest surviving houses in the town is The Lawn, in front of the Civic Centre with its public tennis courts, in brown brick The similar example of ''44–50 Bath Road'': also in brown brick and as is sometimes seen, has been painted. with three double-hung sash windows set back in reveal (carpentry)s with flat arches, roof with parapet and porch of fluted doric columns, pilasters, entablature and semi-circular traceried fanlight. ''The Lawn''

The construction of the A4 road (England)(a revival of an earlier name for the Bath Road as a by-pass for it around the north of Brentford, Isleworth and Hounslow centres) in the 1920s attracted the building of the factories and headquarters of large companies. The factories were a great local source of employment until a decline in the 1970s, and attracted workers from all over and the area was heavily developed with houses. In the next two decades offices largely replaced factories on the Great West Road and further expansion in hotel and housing stock has taken place, an example being the Blenheim Centre, an image of which is in the Hounslow#Gallery section below. |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

Economy

Hounslow is an economic hub within the west of the capital city; it has a large shopping centre which adjoins its high street and a large number of restaurants, cafés and small businesses,[http://www.squaremeal.co.uk/restaurants/town/Hounslow Restaurants guide] Squaremeal.co.uk Retrieved 2013-12-24 many of which are associated with product assembly, marketing, telecommunications and London Heathrow Airport, which has a large number of businesses and public sector jobs in and around it to which the local population commute. The settlement is also partially employed in the London Commuter Belt with access between 45 and 60 minutes from most of Central London. |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

Transport

East-west roads
The A4 road (England) joins with the A3006 road (Great Britain) Bath Road (from the A315) before Henlys Roundabout which is in Hounslow West from which a Boxing the compass route passes London Heathrow Airport, terminals 1 to 3 and terminal 5 as the ''Bath Road'' and a WSW route, the A30 road (Great Britain), passes terminal 4, bypasses Staines and reaches the M25 motorway; the remainder is for the mostpart a minor route to Land's End, Cornwall.

The M4 motorway is 2 miles north; its nearest junction, J3, being northwest along the Hounslow#Transport#North-South roads.

The A315 is the historic WSW road out of London, on which Hounslow's High Street is placed. To the east it bisects Isleworth, Brentford and Chiswick. To the west it bisects Feltham and East Bedfont before joining the A30.

North-south roads
The north-south A312 road (Great Britain), ''The Parkway'', to the west of Hounslow leads south to Hampton, London or north to Harrow, London passing Waggoners' Roundabout (WNW of Henlys Roundabout in Hounslow West), Hayes, Hillingdon, Yeading and Northolt.

Three minor roads converge on Heston from the A315 in parts of Hounslow, the A3063, A3005 and B363. The single road re-divides just north in Norwood Green into a northwest road to Southall (the A3005) and into the A4127 road (Great Britain) that passes by Hanwell, briefly using the A4020 road (Great Britain) west before bypassing Dormers Wells, passing Greenford to reach Sudbury, London, the town immediately to the west of Wembley and North Wembley.

For longer journeys north, the M4, A4 or A30 then M25 provides the best routes. For longer journeys south, Hanworth Road leads to the A316 road (Great Britain) that becomes the M3 motorway (Great Britain).

Trains and Underground

London Underground provide Hounslow West tube station, Hounslow Central tube station and Hounslow East tube station which are on the Piccadilly Line to Heathrow, Osterley, Hammersmith, Knightsbridge, stations for Hyde Park, London, Buckingham Palace, Piccadilly Circus, Leicester Square, Covent Garden and Cockfosters.

Hounslow railway station, operated by South West Trains is on the railway line to London Waterloo station, or westwards to Reading, Berkshire, Weybridge or to Windsor, Berkshire. The railway line also offers services on the Hounslow Loop Line, opened 1850, further around the loop to Twickenham and Richmond, London.[http://getamap.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/getamap/frames.htm?mapAction=gaz&gazName=g&gazString=TQ1475 Grid square map] Ordnance survey website

Bus services
]]
There is a large bus garage (coded AV), with adjoining bus station next to the high street. In 1962, as a result of the final stage of the London trolleybus programme of conversion to motor bus operation when Isleworth Depot was closed, the staff from that depot (coded IH) were transferred to Hounslow Garage. The property is owned by the French owned RATP Group Group, which took it over from the Transdev London group and operated through their company London United Busways, previously owned by London Transport. In addition to its frequent and regular daytime services throughout the surrounding areas Hounslow figures on the London Buses route N9 from Heathrow to Central London.

Hounslow Heath Aerodrome was a grass airfield, operational 1914–1920. It was in the London borough of Hounslow, and in 1919 was the location from which the first scheduled daily international commercial air services took place. |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

Staying in Hounslow

Owing to its proximity to Heathrow and the ease of access into Central London, central Hounslow has developed a number of new hotels – some converted from former office buildings. A greater number of large hotels exist by Heathrow, on the A4 Bath Road; these are mentioned in London Heathrow Airport/Harlington, London. |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

Hounslow Heath and other parks

Hounslow Heath is a large public open space and local nature reserve to the west of Hounslow, a London borough. It now covers about , the residue of the historic Hounslow Heath that covered over .

The Heath has major historical importance, originally routes from London to the west and southwest of Britain. Staines Road, the northern boundary of the present Heath, is formerly the Roman roads in Britain, ''Trinobantes'' There are several historic references to Roman camps on or close to the Heath. Continuous recorded history dates back to Norman conquest of England times. It gave its name to the former hamlet of Heathrow (hamlet).

Hounslow has a very high immigration rate. According to the 2011 Census, more than 50% of Hounslow residents are born outside of the UK. |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

Sport

A programme dated 7 July 1935 suggests that there may have been motor cycle speedway racing at a venue in Dockwell Lane branded as Hounslow Speedway. Best information suggests there were more than one meeting staged in conjunction with the Hounslow Motor Cycle and Car Club. |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

Notable people

* Award-winning English-Sri Lankan musician and visual artist M.I.A. (rapper), better known as M.I.A., was born in Hounslow.
* Singer-songwriter and Genesis (band) drummer Phil Collins was born and raised in Hounslow
* Singer-songwriter Elvis Costello attended Archbishop Myers' Secondary School (now St. Marks R.C School)
* Singer-songwriter, model and occasional DJ Sophie Ellis-Bextor was born in Hounslow
* Actor Cyril Cusack (1910–1993) lived in Hounslow at the time of his death
* Mo Farah, Olympic 10,000 m and 5,000 m gold medalist, lived in Hounslow
* Ian Gillan, vocalist of Rock music band Deep Purple, was born in Hounslow
* Psychiatrist Professor Simon Gowers grew up in Hounslow
* Gustavus Green (1865–1964), aircraft engine pioneer, was born in Hounslow
* Charles Hawtrey (film actor) (1914–1988), ''Carry on films'' film legend, was born in Hounslow
* Actress Patsy Kensit lived in Hounslow during her teenage years
* Eminent historian Francis Maddison (1927–2006) was born and educated in Hounslow
* Bill Mason, Olympic rowing (sport) silver medalist and coach of Imperial College London rowing team, lives in Hounslow
* Ian McLagan, keyboardist of the Small Faces and Faces (band), was born and raised in Hounslow
* ''Father Ted'' actor Dermot Morgan (1952–1998) lived in Hounslow at the time of his death
* Alistair Overeem, mixed martial arts champion, was born in Hounslow
* Katherine Parkinson, an actress best known for playing List of The IT Crowd characters#Jen Barber in ''The IT Crowd'' and Doc Martin#Past characters in ''Doc Martin''.
* Sir Alec Reed, founder of the Reed (company) employment agency, was born in Hounslow
* Cyril Vosper (1935–2004), adherent then critic of Scientology, was born in Hounslow
* Maria Whittaker, 1980s Page Three girl, was born in Hounslow
* Actor Jack Wild (1952–2006), Artful Dodger in the film ''Oliver! (film)'' and star of ''H.R. Pufnstuf'', grew up in Hounslow
*Violet Englefield, the actress and singer, was born in Hounslow.
* Professional Dancer Darren Panton Royal Ballet School became the first black male to graduate through the school, was born in Hounslow and lived in Hounslow during his time there |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

Demography and housing

{| border=yes
|+ '''2011 Census Homes'''
|-
!Ward !!Detached !!Semi-detached!!Terraced!!Flats and apartments!!Caravans/temporary/mobile homes!!Shared between households
|-
|Hounslow Central|| 257 || 1,455 || 930 || 2,687 || 3 || 52
|-
|Hounslow Heath|| 285 || 1,522 || 1,128 || 1,886 || 7 || 87
|-
|Hounslow South|| 223 || 2,155 || 967 || 588 || 0 || 11
|-
|Hounslow West|| 248 || 1,526 || 799 || 1,344 || 5 || 23
|}
{| border=yes
|+ '''2011 Census Households'''
!Ward !!Population !!Households !!% Owned outright !!% Owned with a loan!!hectares
|-
|Hounslow Central|| 15,169 || 5,384 || 19 || 19 || 174
|-
|Hounslow Heath|| 14,727 || 4,915 || 17 || 27 || 279
|-
|Hounslow South|| 11,408 || 3,944 || 33 || 42 || 179
|-
|Hounslow West|| 12,658 || 3,945 || 23 || 24 || 162
|} |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

Twinning

Hounslow is twinned with the following settlements around the world:

* Issy-les-Moulineaux, France
* Lahore, Pakistan
* Ramallah, Palestine

The London Borough of Hounslow also has a sister district agreement with Leningradsky District, Krasnodar Krai in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

Gallery

File:Hounslow Railway Station.jpg|Hounslow Railway Station
File:Old post office, Hounslow 2.jpg|Old post office
File:Blenheim centre Hounslow.jpg|Blenheim centre
File:Holy Trinity Church Hounslow.JPG|Holy Trinity Church
File:Abbey and Bradford and Bingley.JPG|Banks
File:Trees in Autumn 1.jpg|Jersey Gardens
File:Hounslow East tube station 2.jpg|Hounslow East tube station
File:Treaty centre Hounslow.jpg|Rear of the Treaty centre |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

See also

{{Geographic location
|title = '''Nearest Settlements'''
|Centre = Hounslow
|North = Heston
|Northeast = Osterley
|East = Isleworth
|Southeast = Twickenham
|South = Whitton, London
|Southwest = Feltham
|West = Hounslow WestHatton Cross
|Northwest = Cranford, LondonHayes, Hillingdon
}}

*List of people from Hounslow
*List of schools in Hounslow |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

References

;Notes |population_ref = (, , , wards )[http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density] 2011 census Office for National Statistics |area_total_km2=7.94 |civil_parish=n/a |post_town= HOUNSLOW |postcode_area= TW |postcode_district= TW3,TW4 |dial_code = 020 |constituency_westminster = Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency), Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency) |charingX_distance_mi = 10.6 |charingX_direction = ENE |static_image_name = Osterley House, the East Front. - geograph.org.uk - 122654 crop.jpg |static_image_caption = Osterley House |static_image_2_name = Hounslow High Street.1.JPG |static_image_2_caption = High Street

External links

*[http://www.hounslowtw3.net Hounslow Online – www.hounslowtw3.net] Hounslow's local community website
*[http://www.activhounslow.com Community Guide to Hounslow – www.activhounslow.com] Hounslow's online guide
*[http://www.immigrationadvicebureau.org Hounslow immigration advice uk – www.immigrationadvicebureau.org] Hounslow immigration advice uk




Category:Areas of London
Category:Districts of Hounslow
Category:M4 corridor
Category:Metropolitan centres of London
Category:Districts of London listed in the Domesday Book
Category:Post towns in the TW postcode area
Category:Pakistani-British culture in London