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Paddington is a List of districts of London within the City of Westminster, in west London. Formerly a Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are London Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital (London) and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.

History

The earliest extant reference to ''Padington'', Historic counties of England a part of Middlesex, was made in 1056.

In the later Elizabethan and early Stuart period era, the rectory and associated estate houses were occupied by the Small (or Smale) family. Nicholas Small was a clothworker who was sufficiently well connected to have Hans Holbein the Younger paint a portrait of his wife, Jane Small. Nicholas died in 1565 and his wife married again, to Nicholas Parkinson, who also resided in Paddington. Parkinson went on to be the master of the Clothworkers' Company. Jane Small continued to live in Paddington after her second husband's death, and her manor house was big enough to have been let to Sir John Popham, the attorney general, in the 1580s. At this time there was an inn attached to the estate, named Blowers.Holbein's Miniature of Jane Pemberton – a further note. Author: Lorne Campbell. Source: The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 132, No. 1044 (Mar. 1990), pp. 213–214.

By 1773, a contemporary historian determined that "London may now be said to include two cities, one borough and forty six antient villages", Paddington and adjoining Marybone (Marylebone) being named as two of those villages.John Noorthouck, ''[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=46744 A New History of London]'' 1773; Online edition sponsored by Centre for Metropolitan History: (Book 2, Ch. 1: Situation and general view of London) Date accessed: 6 July 2009.

Roman roads formed the parish's north-eastern and southern boundaries from Marble Arch: Watling Street (later Edgware Road) and the Uxbridge road, known by the 1860s as Bayswater Road. They were Toll gate#Early toll roads in the 18th century, before and after the dismantling of the permanent Tyburn, London#Tyburn gallows at their junction in 1759. By 1801, the area was also traversed by the Harrow Road and an arm of the Grand Junction Canal (now named Grand Union Canal).Elrington C. R. (Editor), Baker T. F. T., Bolton D. K., Croot P. E. C. (1989) ''[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/source.aspx?pubid=90&page=1&sort=1 A History of the County of Middlesex]'' (Access page number from the Table of Contents])

Tyburnia
In the 19th century the part of the parish between Edgware Road and Westbourne Terrace, Gloucester Terrace and Craven Hill, bounded to the south by Bayswater Road, was known as Tyburnia. The district formed the centrepiece of an 1824 masterplan by Samual Pepys Cockerell to redevelop the Tyburn Estate (Tyburnia being the historic lands of the Bishop of London) into a residential area to rival Belgravia.

The area was laid out in the mid-1800s when grand squares and cream stuccoed terraces started to fill the acres between Paddington station and Hyde Park; however, the plans were never realised in full. Despite this, Thackeray described the residential district of Tyburnia as “the elegant, the prosperous, the polite Tyburnia, the most respectable district of the habitable globe.”

Etymology
Derivation of the name is uncertain. Speculative explanations include ''Padre-ing-tun'' (father's meadow village), ''Pad-ing-tun'' (pack-horse meadow village),Robins, William [http://www.archive.org/stream/paddingtonpasta00enggoog#page/n9/mode/2up Paddington Past and Present] Caxton Steam Printing (1853), pp.iv-v and ''Pæding-tun'' (village of the race of Pæd)[http://www.archive.org/stream/paddingtonpasta00enggoog#page/n133/mode/2up/ Robins], pp.110-111 the last being the cited suggestion of the Victorian Anglo-Saxon scholar John Mitchell Kemble. There is another Paddington in Surrey, recorded in the Domesday Book as "Padendene"[http://www.domesdaymap.co.uk/place/TQ1047/paddington/ Place: Paddington] at Open Domesday and possibly associated with the same ancient family.[http://www.archive.org/stream/paddingtonpasta00enggoog#page/n137/mode/2up/ Robins] p.114Brooks, C. [http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Paddington Paddington] in Internet Surname Database A lord named Padda is named in the Domesday Book, associated with Brampton, Suffolk.[http://www.domesdaymap.co.uk/name/398550/padda/ Name: Padda] at Open Domesday

Colloquial expressions
Webster's dictionary[http://www.websters-online-dictionary.org/definitions/Paddington Paddington] at ''Webster's Online Dictionary'' defines three slang terms related to Paddington: "Paddington Fair Day", which refers to a public hanging day at the Tyburn gallows (Tyburn being part of Paddington Parish); "Paddington Fair", which means a public execution; and "To dance the Paddington frisk", which means "to be hanged". Webster's dictionary cites Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable and the Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue, 1811, for these uses of Paddington. Public executions were abolished in England in 1868.Brewer, Rev E. Cobham ''A Dictionary of Phrase and Fable'' Odhams, London, p.811 Paddington is a List of districts of London within the City of Westminster, in west London. Formerly a Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are London Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital (London) and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.

Railway station

London Paddington station is the terminus for commuter services to the west of England (e.g., Slough, Maidenhead, Reading, Swindon) and mainline services to Oxford, Bristol, Bath, Taunton, Exeter, Plymouth, Cornwall and South Wales (including Cardiff, Bridgend and Swansea). The Heathrow Express serves Heathrow Airport.

In the station are statues of its designer, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and the Children's literature character Paddington Bear. Paddington is a List of districts of London within the City of Westminster, in west London. Formerly a Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are London Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital (London) and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.

Redevelopment

Commercial traffic on the Grand Junction Canal (which became the Grand Union Canal in 1929) dwindled because of railway competition in the late-19th and early-20th centuries, and freight then moved from rail to road after World War II, leading to the abandonment of the goods yards in the early 1980s. The land lay derelict until the Paddington Waterside Partnership was established in 1998 to co-ordinate the regeneration of the area between the Westway, Praed Street and Westbourne Terrace. This includes major developments on the goods yard site (now branded PaddingtonCentral) and around the canal (Paddington Basin). Paddington is a List of districts of London within the City of Westminster, in west London. Formerly a Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are London Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital (London) and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.

Religion

Paddington has a number of Anglican churches, including St James's, St Mary Magdalene's and St Peter's. Paddington is a List of districts of London within the City of Westminster, in west London. Formerly a Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are London Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital (London) and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.

People from Paddington

*Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
*Prince George of Cambridge
*Prince Harry
*Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, a lieutenant-general in the British Army, writer, and founder of the Scout Movement
*Major-General Edward Bailey Ashmore, Army officer who served in the Royal Artillery, the Royal Flying Corps, and the Royal Air Force, and founded the Royal Observer Corps
*Lieutenant-Colonel George Thomas Dorrell, Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross
*Air Commodore Ferdinand Maurice Felix West, Royal Air Force officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross
*William Henry Page, historian and general editor of the Victoria County History
*Joan Collins, actress, author and columnist
*Emma Thompson, actress, comedian and screenwriter
*Alfred Molina, actor
*Kiefer Sutherland, actor
*Seal (musician), singer-songwriter
*Elvis Costello, singer-songwriter
*George Osborne, Conservative politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer of the United Kingdom
*Alan Johnson, Labour politician, former Home Secretary
*Joe Cole, professional footballer
*Les Ferdinand, professional footballer
*Edward Thomas Heron (1867–1949), Cine film trade publisher Paddington is a List of districts of London within the City of Westminster, in west London. Formerly a Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are London Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital (London) and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.

Notable residents

The Victorian era poet Robert Browning moved from No. 1 Chichester Road to Beauchamp Lodge, 19 Warwick Crescent, in 1862 and lived there until 1887. He is reputed to have named that locality, on the junction of two canals, "Maida Vale#Little Venice", a legend that was disputed by Lord Kinross in 1966[http://www.londoncanals.co.uk/lvenice/images/kinross.jpg Letter to the ''Daily Telegraph'', 1966] and by London Canals.[http://www.londoncanals.co.uk/lvenice/lv00.html The history of the place name known as 'Little Venice'] Both assert that George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron humorously coined the name, which is now applied more loosely to a longer reach of the canal system.

St Mary's Hospital, London in Praed Street is the site of several notable medical accomplishments. In 1874, Charles Romley Alder Wright synthesised heroin (diacetylmorphine). Also there, in 1928, Sir Alexander Fleming first isolated penicillin, earning the award of a Nobel Prize. The hospital has an Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum[http://www.imperial.nhs.uk/aboutus/museumsandarchives/history Fleming Museum] where visitors can see Fleming's laboratory, restored to its 1928 condition, and explore the story of Fleming and the discovery and development of penicillin through displays and video.

Edward Adrian Wilson, physician, naturalist and ornithologist, who died in 1912 on Robert Falcon Scott's ill-fated Terra Nova Expedition, had earlier practised as a doctor in Paddington. The former Senior Street primary school was renamed the Edward Wilson School after him in 1951.

British painter Lucian Freud had his studio in Paddington, first at Delamere Terrace from 1943 to 1962, and then at 124 Clarendon Crescent from 1962 to 1977.Debray, C. ''Lucian Freud: The Studio'' (2010)

Between 1805 and 1817, the great actress Sarah Siddons lived at Desborough House,From differences in the following two sources, it may be inferred that Mrs Siddons lived in ''Desborough House'', not Desborough Lodge. The former was destroyed before 1853, the latter a few years later when Cirencester and Woodchester streets were built. (which was demolished before 1853 to make way for the Great Western Railway) and was buried at Paddington Green, near the later graves of the eminent painters Benjamin Haydon and William Collins (painter).Robins, William [http://www.archive.org/stream/paddingtonpasta00enggoog#page/n205/mode/2up Paddington Past and Present] Caxton Steam Printing (1853) Her brother Charles Kemble also built a house, Desborough Lodge, in the vicinity—in which she may have lived later. In later years, the actress Yootha Joyce, best known for her part in the classic television comedy George and Mildred, lived at 198 Sussex Gardens.[http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/48622/pages/7369/page.pdf Page 7369] entry in ''London Gazette'', 28 May 1981

One of Napoleon's nephews, Prince Louis Lucien Bonaparte (1813-1891), a notable Comparative linguistics and Dialectology, who spent most of his adult life in England, had a house in Norfolk Terrace, Westbourne Park.

The eccentric philanthropist Ann Thwaytes lived at 17 Hyde Park Gardens between 1840 and 1866.Bundock, Mike (2000). Herne Bay Clock Tower: A descriptive history. Herne Bay: Pierhead Publications. ISBN 9780953897704[http://www.fbwc.co.uk/Newsletters.asp Friends of Broadwater and Worthing Cemetery: ''Broadsheet'', Issue 10, Spring 2011] "Ann Thwaytes" by Rosemeary Pearson, p.11. Paddington is a List of districts of London within the City of Westminster, in west London. Formerly a Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are London Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital (London) and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.

Education

Paddington is a List of districts of London within the City of Westminster, in west London. Formerly a Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are London Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital (London) and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.

Paddington in literature and film

Paddington in the 17th century is one of the settings in the fiction-based-on-fact novel [http://philrevell.co.uk/books/spuriousbrood/ ''A Spurious Brood''], which tells the story of Katherine More, whose children were transported to America on board the Pilgrim Fathers' ship, the ''Mayflower''.

Paddington Bear, from deepest, darkest Peru, immigrated to England via Paddington station.

The films ''The Blue Lamp'' (1950) and ''Never Let Go'' (1960) depict many Paddington streets, which suffered bombing in World War II and were subsequently demolished in the early 1960s to make way for the Westway (London) and the Warwick Estate housing redevelopment. Paddington is a List of districts of London within the City of Westminster, in west London. Formerly a Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are London Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital (London) and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.

Gallery

Image:PaddBasin.jpg|Paddington Basin, Grand Union Canal
Image:EdgwRd.JPG|Edgware Road
Image:SussGdns.jpg|Sussex Gardens
Image:VictPubPadd.jpg|Victoria pub, Gloucester Square Paddington is a List of districts of London within the City of Westminster, in west London. Formerly a Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are London Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital (London) and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.

See also

* Bishop's Bridge
* Paddington Green (UK TV series)
* Pretty Polly Perkins of Paddington Green
* Paddington Green conservation area Paddington is a List of districts of London within the City of Westminster, in west London. Formerly a Metropolitan Borough of Paddington, it was integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Three important landmarks of the district are London Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and opened in 1847; St Mary's Hospital (London) and Paddington Green Police Station (the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom). A major project called Paddington Waterside aims to regenerate former railway and canal land between 1998 and 2018, and the area is seeing many new developments.

References

Category:Districts of the City of Westminster
Category:Areas of London