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Westminster escorts

Westminster is a central London area within the City of Westminster lying on the River Thames' north bank, centred Boxing the compass#Compass_points from the St Paul's Cathedral, and locally Boxing the compass#Compass_points from Charing Cross. Westminster's concentration of visitor attractions and historic landmarks, one of the highest in Tourism in London, includes the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral. Historically within Westminster St Margaret and St John#Governance and the name Westminster is from an ancient description for Westminster Abbey's surrounds, literally West Minster (church) or, before the abbey, monastery church. Pre-dating its being seat of government of Her Majesty's Government, it has continuously been the home of Governance of England since about 1200, House of Plantagenet times. In a governmental context, Westminster often refers to Parliament of the United Kingdom itself, by virtue of its World Heritage Site Palace of Westminster location. Also known as the Houses of Parliament, the closest tube stations are: Westminster tube station, St James Park tube station and Waterloo tube station.

Geography

The area is the centre of UK government, with Parliament in the Palace of Westminster and most of the Government of the United Kingdom on Victoria Street, Great Smith Street or the northern sub-neighbourhood Whitehall (a major street).

Within the area is Westminster School, one of the English public school (UK) and bounding Westminster to the north is Green Park, London, a Royal Parks of London.

Confusingly three of the four campuses of the University of Westminster are within the borough of the City of Westminster, although none in the ancient area of Westminster. Westminster is a central London area within the City of Westminster lying on the River Thames' north bank, centred Boxing the compass#Compass_points from the St Paul's Cathedral, and locally Boxing the compass#Compass_points from Charing Cross. Westminster's concentration of visitor attractions and historic landmarks, one of the highest in Tourism in London, includes the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral. Historically within Westminster St Margaret and St John#Governance and the name Westminster is from an ancient description for Westminster Abbey's surrounds, literally West Minster (church) or, before the abbey, monastery church. Pre-dating its being seat of government of Her Majesty's Government, it has continuously been the home of Governance of England since about 1200, House of Plantagenet times. In a governmental context, Westminster often refers to Parliament of the United Kingdom itself, by virtue of its World Heritage Site Palace of Westminster location. Also known as the Houses of Parliament, the closest tube stations are: Westminster tube station, St James Park tube station and Waterloo tube station.

Demography

The area has a substantial residential population, indeed most of its listed buildings are residential. A proportion of residents are of a London working class community living in council and Peabody Trust estates spread across certain streets between Westminster Abbey and Millbank. Hotels, large Victorian homes and barracks exist towards the Buckingham Palace. Westminster is a central London area within the City of Westminster lying on the River Thames' north bank, centred Boxing the compass#Compass_points from the St Paul's Cathedral, and locally Boxing the compass#Compass_points from Charing Cross. Westminster's concentration of visitor attractions and historic landmarks, one of the highest in Tourism in London, includes the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral. Historically within Westminster St Margaret and St John#Governance and the name Westminster is from an ancient description for Westminster Abbey's surrounds, literally West Minster (church) or, before the abbey, monastery church. Pre-dating its being seat of government of Her Majesty's Government, it has continuously been the home of Governance of England since about 1200, House of Plantagenet times. In a governmental context, Westminster often refers to Parliament of the United Kingdom itself, by virtue of its World Heritage Site Palace of Westminster location. Also known as the Houses of Parliament, the closest tube stations are: Westminster tube station, St James Park tube station and Waterloo tube station.

History

Toponymy

Westminster is typical of Central London toponymy which can be derived from a loose mixture of small ecclesiastical parishes, local government wards of the United Kingdom then later United Kingdom postal code then neologisms and informal neighbourhood names such as Victoria, London which this area contains.

In any event Westminster, City of Westminster describes an area no more than from Westminster Abbey and Palace of Westminster north of the River Thames.Jacqueline Riding, [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/trail/church_state/westminster_palace/change_palace_westmin_01.shtml All Change at the Palace of Westminster], BBC. Its name derives from the west Minster (church), or monastery church, west of the City of London's St Paul's. The area has been the seat of the government of England for almost a thousand years. The name is also used for the larger City of Westminster which is one of the relatively homogeneously sized divisions of the capital (Greater Londons); and, since 1965, has included the former boroughs of Marylebone and Paddington.

Royal seat

The historic core of Westminster is the former Thorney Island (London) on which Westminster Abbey was built and became the traditional venue of the coronation of the List of English monarchs.

From about 1200, near the abbey, the Palace of Westminster became the principal royal residence, marked by the transfer of royal treasury and financial records to Westminster, from Winchester. Later the palace housed the developing Parliament of England and Courts of England and Wales. Consequentiality, London developed two focal points: the City of London (financial economic) and, following the Royal Court, Westminster (political and cultural) - The distinction remains, as does the palace being Parliament's seat.

The monarchy later moved to the Palace of Whitehall a little towards the north-east. The law courts have since moved to the Royal Courts of Justice, close to the border of the City of London.

Victorian divide

's poverty map showing Westminster in 1889. The streets are coloured to represent the economic class of the residents: Yellow ("Upper-middle and Upper classes, Wealthy"), red ("Lower middle class – Well-to-do middle class"), pink ("Fairly comfortable good ordinary earnings"), blue ("Intermittent or casual earnings"), and black ("lowest class...occasional labourers, street sellers, loafers, criminals and semi-criminals"). Booth coloured Victoria Street, with its new shops and flats, yellow. The model dwellings built by the Peabody Trust on the sidestreets off Victoria Street were coloured pink and grey, signalling modest respectability, while the black and blue streets were the remaining slum areas housing the poorest.]]
Charles Booth (philanthropist)'s poverty map showing Westminster in 1889 showed the full range of income and capital brackets living in adjacent streets within it - its central western area had become (by 1850) (the) Devil's Acre in the southern flood channel ravine of the Tyburn (stream), yet along Victoria Street and other small streets and squares were the highest colouring of social class in London, yellow/gold. The abject poverty with the clearance of this slum and drainage improvement has been shed from Westminster but there is a typical Central London property distinction within the area which is very acute, epitomised by grandiose 21st century developments, architectural high point listed buildings[http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/mapsearch.aspx OS Map with Listed Buildings] and nearby social housing (mostly non-council housing) buildings of the Peabody Trust founded by philanthropist George Peabody.

Local government
The Westminster area formed part of the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex. The ancient parish was Westminster St Margaret and St John; after 1727 split into the parishes of St Margaret and St John. The area around Westminster Abbey formed the extra-parochial Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter surrounded by—but not part of—either parish. Until 1900 the local council was the combined vestry of St Margaret and St John (also known as the Westminster District Board of Works from 1855 to 1887), which was based at Caxton Hall on Caxton Street from 1883. The Liberty of Westminster, governed by the Westminster Court of Burgesses, also included St Martin in the Fields (parish) and several other City and Liberty of Westminster#Constituent parishes and other areas. Westminster had its own quarter sessions, but the Middlesex sessions also had jurisdiction. The area was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London in 1889 and the local government of Westminster was reformed in 1900 when the court of burgesses and parish vestries were abolished, to be replaced with a metropolitan borough council. The council was given City status in the United Kingdom, allowing it to be known as Westminster City Council (metropolitan borough). Westminster is a central London area within the City of Westminster lying on the River Thames' north bank, centred Boxing the compass#Compass_points from the St Paul's Cathedral, and locally Boxing the compass#Compass_points from Charing Cross. Westminster's concentration of visitor attractions and historic landmarks, one of the highest in Tourism in London, includes the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral. Historically within Westminster St Margaret and St John#Governance and the name Westminster is from an ancient description for Westminster Abbey's surrounds, literally West Minster (church) or, before the abbey, monastery church. Pre-dating its being seat of government of Her Majesty's Government, it has continuously been the home of Governance of England since about 1200, House of Plantagenet times. In a governmental context, Westminster often refers to Parliament of the United Kingdom itself, by virtue of its World Heritage Site Palace of Westminster location. Also known as the Houses of Parliament, the closest tube stations are: Westminster tube station, St James Park tube station and Waterloo tube station.

Wider uses of the term

Thus "Westminster" with its focus in public life from earliest days is casually used as a metonymy for Parliament and the political community of the United Kingdom generally (the civil service is similarly referred to by the northern sub-neighbourhood it inhabits, "Whitehall") and "Westminster" is consequently also used in reference to the Westminster system, the parliamentary model of democratic government that has evolved in the United Kingdom. This thrust of a constitution (political) and polity is used, with some adaptation, in many other nations, particularly in the Commonwealth of Nations and other parts of the former British Empire.

The term ''Westminster Village'', sometimes used in the context of British politics, does not refer to a geographical area at all; employed especially in the phrase ''Westminster Village gossip'', it denotes a supposedly close social circle of members of parliament, political journalists, so-called Spin (public relations) and others connected to events in the Palace of Westminster and Government Ministries. Westminster is a central London area within the City of Westminster lying on the River Thames' north bank, centred Boxing the compass#Compass_points from the St Paul's Cathedral, and locally Boxing the compass#Compass_points from Charing Cross. Westminster's concentration of visitor attractions and historic landmarks, one of the highest in Tourism in London, includes the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral. Historically within Westminster St Margaret and St John#Governance and the name Westminster is from an ancient description for Westminster Abbey's surrounds, literally West Minster (church) or, before the abbey, monastery church. Pre-dating its being seat of government of Her Majesty's Government, it has continuously been the home of Governance of England since about 1200, House of Plantagenet times. In a governmental context, Westminster often refers to Parliament of the United Kingdom itself, by virtue of its World Heritage Site Palace of Westminster location. Also known as the Houses of Parliament, the closest tube stations are: Westminster tube station, St James Park tube station and Waterloo tube station.

References

;Notes

;Bibliography

* Manchee, W. H. (1924), ''The Westminster City Fathers (the Burgess Court of Westminster) 1585–1901: Being some account of their powers and domestic rule of the City prior to its incorporation in 1901''; with a foreword by Walter G. Bell and 36 illustrations which relate to documents (some pull-outs) and artefacts. London: John Lane (The Bodley Head).
* Davies, E. A. (1952), ''An Account of the Formation and Early Years of The Westminster Fire Office''; (Includes black-and-white photographic plates with a colour Book frontispiece of 'A Waterman' and a foreword by Major K. M. Beaumont. London: Country Life Limited for the Westminster Fire Office.
* Hunting, P. (1981), ''Royal Westminster''. The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. Printed by Penshurst Press. ISBN 0-85406-127-4 (paper); ISBN 0-85406-128-2 (cased). Westminster is a central London area within the City of Westminster lying on the River Thames' north bank, centred Boxing the compass#Compass_points from the St Paul's Cathedral, and locally Boxing the compass#Compass_points from Charing Cross. Westminster's concentration of visitor attractions and historic landmarks, one of the highest in Tourism in London, includes the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral. Historically within Westminster St Margaret and St John#Governance and the name Westminster is from an ancient description for Westminster Abbey's surrounds, literally West Minster (church) or, before the abbey, monastery church. Pre-dating its being seat of government of Her Majesty's Government, it has continuously been the home of Governance of England since about 1200, House of Plantagenet times. In a governmental context, Westminster often refers to Parliament of the United Kingdom itself, by virtue of its World Heritage Site Palace of Westminster location. Also known as the Houses of Parliament, the closest tube stations are: Westminster tube station, St James Park tube station and Waterloo tube station.

External links

*
*[http://www.westminster.gov.uk/ Westminster Borough Council]
*[http://www.gardenvisit.com/travel/london/3_westminster.htm Westminster Walks – from Findlay Muirhead's 1927 guidebook to ''London and its Environs'']
*[http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/21648 Westminster], by Sir Walter Besant and Geraldine Edith Mitton and A. Murray Smith, 1902, from Project Gutenberg
*[http://www.abandonedcommunities.co.uk/palmer's%20village.html Palmer's Village, a deserted village in Westminster]




Category:Districts of the City of Westminster
Category:Areas of London
Category:Market towns in London
Category:Districts of London on the River Thames